Opponens pollicis muscle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Opponens pollicis muscle
Gray426.png
The muscles of the thumb
Musculusopponenspollicis.png
The muscles of the left hand. Palmar surface.
Latin musculus opponens pollicis
Gray's p.461
Origin trapezium and transverse carpal ligament
Insertion metacarpal bone of the thumb on its radial side
Artery Superficial palmar arch
Nerve Recurrent branch of the median nerve
Actions Flexion of the thumb's metacarpal at the first carpometacarpal joint, which aids in opposition of the thumb
TA A04.6.02.058
FMA FMA:37379
Anatomical terms of muscle

The opponens pollicis is a small, triangular muscle in the hand, which functions to oppose the thumb. It is one of the three thenar muscles, lying deep to the abductor pollicis brevis and lateral to the flexor pollicis brevis.

Structure[edit]

The opponens pollicis originates from the flexor retinaculum of the hand and the tubercle of the trapezium. It passes downward and laterally, and is inserted into the whole length of the metacarpal bone of the thumb on its radial side.

Innervation[edit]

Like the other thenar muscles, the opponens pollicis is innervated by the recurrent branch of the median nerve.

Blood supply[edit]

The opponens pollicis receives its blood supply from the Superficial palmar arch.

Function[edit]

Opposition of the thumb is a combination of actions that allows the tip of the thumb to touch the tips of other fingers. The part of opposition that this muscle is responsible for is the flexion of the thumb's metacarpal at the first carpometacarpal joint. This specific action cups the palm. Many texts, for simplicity, use the term opposition to represent this component of true opposition. In order to truly oppose the thumb, the actions of a number of other muscles are needed at the thumb's metacarpophalangeal joint.

Additional images[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.