Opposition (Malaysia)

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Leader of the Opposition of Malaysia
Ketua Pembangkang Malaysia
马来西亚国会下议院反对党领袖
Anwar Ibrahim.jpg
Incumbent
Anwar Ibrahim

since 28 August 2008
Style Yang Berhormat (The Honourable)
As a member of the Dewan Rakyat
Member of Parliament
Term length While leader of the largest coalition not in government
Inaugural holder Tan Chee Khoon
Formation 21 March 1964; 50 years ago (1964-03-21)
Salary MYR 10,358.18 monthly (6508.59 MP's salary + 3849.59 allowance)
Politics of Malaysia.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Malaysia

The Opposition in Malaysia is the group of political parties represented in the Parliament of Malaysia that are not in government either on their own or as part of a governing coalition. Note that this article uses the term government as it is used in parliamentary systems, i.e. meaning the administration or the cabinet, rather than the state.

The title Official Opposition, used in most of the other member nations of the Commonwealth of Nations to designate the political party not in government with the largest number of parliamentary seats, is rarely used in Malaysia. It is common practice to refer to such a party simply as the Opposition, or by the party name.

Theoretically, according to the system of Westminster Democracy upon which the Malaysian political system is loosely based, the Opposition is seen as the alternative government and prepared to assume office should the incumbent government be defeated at a general election. Due to the domination of the Barisan Nasional (and its predecessor, the Alliance) coalition of the parliament since independence, this perception is generally not acknowledged and recognized by Malaysians, though the recent elections in 2008 have caused Anwar Ibrahim to declare the Opposition the "government in waiting".

Leader of the Opposition[edit]

As in nearly every parliamentary democracy around the world, the Leader of the Opposition comes from the political party with the largest number of seats in the Parliament yet is not in government. The Leader of the Opposition is often seen as a Prime Minister-in-waiting.

List of Leaders of the Opposition[edit]

Following the resignation of Wan Azizah Wan Ismail of the People's Justice Party (PKR) on July 31, 2008, and Anwar Ibrahim's victory in Permatang Pauh on August 26, 2008, Anwar was declared the Leader of the Opposition. Together with Democratic Action Party (DAP), the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), they form Pakatan Rakyat.

The position of the Leader of the Opposition has generally been filled by members of PAS or the DAP, but on two occasions has included the Sarawak National Party (SNAP) in a joint leadership with the DAP and, more recently, Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR).

The list of Leaders of the Opposition include:[1]

GE
Term
Name
Constituency
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Took office Left office Party Coalition Seats Popularity
01 Burhanuddin al-Helmy
MP for Besut
(1911-1969)
Unofficial
BurhanuddinHilmi.png 19 August 1959 1 March 1964 PAS 13/104 21.3%
02 1 Tan Chee Khoon
MP for Batu
(1919-1996)
Tan Chee Khoon.jpg 21 March 1964 20 March 1969 LPM SF 15/159 40.8%
03 Vacant (20 March 1969 — 1971)
2 Mohamed Asri Muda
MP for Pasir Puteh
(1923-1992)
23 February 1971 17 April 1973 PAS 12/144 20.9%
3 Lim Kit Siang
MP for Kota Melaka
(b. 1941)
17 April 1973 31 July 1974 DAP 13/144 12.1%
04 4 James Wong
MP for Miri-Lubis
(1922-2011)
24 August 1974 30 October 1974 SNAP 9/154 5.6%
5 Edmund Langgu Saga
MP for Saratok
(b. 1936)
30 October 1974 5 November 1975 SNAP
(3) Lim Kit Siang
MP for
Kota Melaka (1975-1978; 1982-1986)
Petaling Jaya (1978-1982)
Tanjong (1986-1999)
(b. 1941)
5 November 1975 8 July 1978 DAP 9/154 18.3%
05 12 June 1978 29 March 1982 16/154 19.1%
06 22 April 1982 19 July 1986 9/154 19.6%
07 3 August 1986 4 October 1990 24/177 21.0%
08 21 October 1990 6 April 1995 20/180 17.13%
09 25 April 1995 10 November 1999 9/192 12.0%
10 6 Fadzil Noor
MP for Pendang
(1937-2002)
29 November 1999 23 July 2002 PAS BA 42/192 40.23%
7 Abdul Hadi Awang
MP for Marang
(b. 1947)
Tuan Guru Dato' Seri Haji Abdul Hadi Awang.jpg 23 July 2002 2 March 2004 PAS BA
11 (3) Lim Kit Siang
MP for Ipoh Timur
(b. 1941)
21 March 2004 13 February 2008 DAP 12/219 9.9%
12 8 Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
MP for Permatang Pauh
(b. 1952)
Wan Azizah 2.jpg 8 March 2008 28 August 2008 PKR PR 82/222 46.75%
9 Anwar Ibrahim
MP for Permatang Pauh
(b. 1947)
Anwar Ibrahim.jpg 28 August 2008 3 April 2013 PKR PR
13 6 May 2013 Incumbent 89/222 50.87%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PKR president poised to make history as first woman Opposition Leader". The Star. March 20, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-21.