Orán, Salta

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Orán
City
Pellegrini Street view to the North in San Ramón de la Nueva Orán.JPG
Coat of arms of Orán
Coat of arms
Orán is located in Argentina
Orán
Orán
Location of Orán in Argentina
Coordinates: 23°08′S 64°20′W / 23.133°S 64.333°W / -23.133; -64.333Coordinates: 23°08′S 64°20′W / 23.133°S 64.333°W / -23.133; -64.333
Country  Argentina
Province Salta
Department Orán Department
Founded August 31, 1794
Government
 • Mayor Guillermo Marcelo Lara Gros (Justicialist Party)
Elevation 336 m (1,102 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 84,036
Demonym oranense
Time zone ART (UTC-3)
CPA base A4530
Dialing code +54 3878
Website Official website

San Ramón de la Nueva Orán (usually referred to simply as Orán) is a city in the north-west of the province of Salta, Argentina, about 270 km from the provincial capital, Salta. It is the head town of the Orán Department and it has about 73,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], which makes it the second most populated in the province.

Orán is the seat of a Catholic diocese and a regional center of the Universidad Nacional de Salta. It is linked to other cities in the area by National Route 50 near National Route 34. Air traffic to the provincial capital is serviced by the Orán Airport (IATA: ORAICAO: SASO).

The economy of the area is based in agriculture; the major crops are sugarcane, citrus (mainly orange and grapefruit), paprika, banana, and to a smaller extent also coffee. Derived products are sugar and concentrated orange juice.

History[edit]

The city was founded on August 31, 1794 by the Spanish military man and governor of Salta, Ramón García de León y Pizarro, who named the settlement after Saint Raymond Nonnatus (on the saint's feast day) and his own birthplace, the city of Oran (in modern Algeria).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Orán, Salta, Argentina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.6
(105.1)
39.5
(103.1)
39.6
(103.3)
34.7
(94.5)
33.0
(91.4)
31.5
(88.7)
35.0
(95)
37.0
(98.6)
40.4
(104.7)
42.4
(108.3)
43.6
(110.5)
43.0
(109.4)
43.6
(110.5)
Average high °C (°F) 32.4
(90.3)
31.2
(88.2)
29.3
(84.7)
26.1
(79)
23.8
(74.8)
21.1
(70)
22.3
(72.1)
25.7
(78.3)
28.3
(82.9)
31.6
(88.9)
32.2
(90)
32.8
(91)
28.1
(82.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
25.0
(77)
23.6
(74.5)
20.9
(69.6)
18.2
(64.8)
14.6
(58.3)
14.4
(57.9)
16.9
(62.4)
19.8
(67.6)
23.6
(74.5)
24.8
(76.6)
25.9
(78.6)
21.1
(70)
Average low °C (°F) 21.1
(70)
20.7
(69.3)
20.0
(68)
17.4
(63.3)
14.3
(57.7)
10.5
(50.9)
8.9
(48)
10.2
(50.4)
13.3
(55.9)
17.1
(62.8)
19.1
(66.4)
20.7
(69.3)
16.1
(61)
Record low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
12.6
(54.7)
10.8
(51.4)
5.1
(41.2)
3.0
(37.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
−1.6
(29.1)
1.4
(34.5)
4.0
(39.2)
8.5
(47.3)
11.5
(52.7)
−3.6
(25.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 193.4
(7.614)
167.0
(6.575)
146.7
(5.776)
81.3
(3.201)
22.5
(0.886)
9.2
(0.362)
6.1
(0.24)
6.4
(0.252)
10.7
(0.421)
51.2
(2.016)
92.0
(3.622)
154.4
(6.079)
940.9
(37.043)
Avg. precipitation days 15 13 17 14 6 5 4 4 3 6 12 13 112
 % humidity 80 82 85 87 86 84 78 69 62 62 70 76 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 198.4 158.2 117.8 102.0 117.8 99.0 139.5 179.8 126.0 161.2 183.0 201.5 1,784.2
Percent possible sunshine 48 43 31 30 34 31 42 51 35 41 46 48 40
Source #1: NOAA(extremes and normals 1961–1990),[1] UNLP (sun only)[2]
Source #2: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional (precipitation days only)[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oran Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Datos Estadisticos (Periodo 1981-1990)" (in Spanish). National Meteorological Service of Argentina. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 

External links[edit]