Or Yehuda

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Or Yehuda
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew אוֹר יְהוּדָה
 • ISO 259 ʔor Yhuda
Or Yehuda 2010.jpg
Flag of Or Yehuda
Flag
Official logo of Or Yehuda
Logo
Or Yehuda is located in Israel
Or Yehuda
Or Yehuda
Coordinates: 32°02′N 34°51′E / 32.033°N 34.850°E / 32.033; 34.850Coordinates: 32°02′N 34°51′E / 32.033°N 34.850°E / 32.033; 34.850
District Tel Aviv
Founded 1949 as an immigrants camp
Government
 • Type City
 • Mayor David Yosef
Area
 • Total 5,141 dunams (5.141 km2 or 1.985 sq mi)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 35,262
Name meaning Judah's Light

Or Yehuda (Hebrew: אוֹר יְהוּדָה) is a city in the Tel Aviv District of Israel. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), the city had a population of 35,262 at the end of 2012.[1]

History[edit]

Or Yehuda is located on the site of the biblical city, Kefar Ono.[2] The modern town was established in 1950 on the lands of depopulated Palestinian villages, Saqiya and Kfar 'Ana. Jews from Iraq and North Africa settled there.[3] In 1988, Or Yehuda was declared a city. Or Yehuda and Milwaukee have been sister cities since 1978.[4] On April 2001, Hamas suicide bombers blew up a car in Or Yehuda, injuring eight people.[5]

In 2008, part of the Ef'al Regional Council, including Ramat Pinkas (Hebrew: רָמַת פִּנְקָס), merged into Or Yehuda.

Demographics[edit]

According to the CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 100.0% Jewish. In 2001 there were 13,900 males and 14,000 females. The population of the city was spread out with 34.6% 19 years of age or younger, 17.7% between 20 and 29, 20.5% between 30 and 44, 15.8% from 45 to 59, 3.1% from 60 to 64, and 8.2% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 3.4%.

Economy[edit]

Babylon Ltd., a developer of online translation programs that holds the Guinness World Record for the highest number of downloads of a language solution software, is based in Or Yehuda.[6]

Education[edit]

In 2000, Or Yehuda had 14 schools and a student enrollment of 5,147 students (10 elementary schools with 2,894 students, and 6 high schools with 2,253 students). 55.7% of 12th graders were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.

Gallery[edit]

International Relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Or Yehuda is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Locality File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land (3rd edition 1993), Jerusalem, Carta, s.v. Or Yehuda
  3. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.  Khalidi, 1992, p. 258
  4. ^ "Project Renewal: Or Yehuda". Jewishmuseummilwaukee.org. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  5. ^ "Suicide and car bomb attacks in Israel since the ‘Declaration of Principles’ in September 1993". Likud.nl. 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  6. ^ Translation co Babylon sets new Guinness record for downloads, Globes, 14 July 11

External links[edit]