Oracle Linux

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Oracle Linux
Oracle logo.svg
OEL Desktop.png
Oracle Linux Server 6
Developer Oracle Corporation
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Open source
Initial release 26 October 2006; 7 years ago (2006-10-26)
Latest release 7.0 [1] / 23 July 2014; 2 months ago (2014-07-23)
Marketing target Free computing (desktops, mainframes, servers, workstations)
Available in Multilingual
Update method YUM (PackageKit)[2]
Package manager RPM Package Manager
Platforms x86, x86-64
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Default user interface GNOME and KDE (user-selectable)
License GNU GPL & various others.
Official website Oracle Linux

Oracle Linux, formerly known as Oracle Enterprise Linux, is a Linux distribution based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), repackaged and freely distributed by Oracle, available under the GNU General Public License (GPL) since late 2006.[3]

Oracle Linux can be downloaded through Oracle's E-delivery service or from a variety of mirror sites, and can be deployed and distributed without cost.[4] Commercial technical support is available through Oracle's Oracle Linux Support program, which supports Oracle Linux, and existing RHEL or CentOS installations (i.e. without reinstallation[5]).[3] As of 2013, Oracle Linux has over 11,000 customers subscribed to the support program.[6][7]

RHEL compatibility[edit]

Oracle Corporation distributes Oracle Linux with two alternative kernels:

Oracle claims that the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel is compatible with RHEL, and that Oracle middleware and third-party RHEL-certified applications can install and run unchanged on the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel. For users requiring strict compatibility with Red Hat or for users running kernel modules dependent on specific kernel versions, the Red Hat Compatible Kernel offers 100% compatibility with Red Hat Enterprise Linux.[3]

Hardware compatibility[edit]

Oracle Linux is certified on servers from IBM,[11] Hewlett-Packard,[12] Dell,[13] Lenovo,[14] and Cisco.[15] In 2010, Force10 announced support for Oracle VM and Oracle Linux.[16] Oracle Linux is also available on Amazon EC2 as an Amazon Machine Image,[17] and Microsoft Windows Azure as a VM Image.[18]

Oracle/Sun servers and blades with x86-64 processors can be configured to ship with Oracle Linux.[19]

Virtualization support[edit]

Under the Oracle Linux Support program, Oracle Linux supports KVM and Xen.[3]

Other Oracle products are only supported under the Xen-based Oracle VM.[20]

Deployment inside Oracle[edit]

Oracle Linux is used by Oracle internally to lower IT costs. Oracle Linux is deployed on more than 42,000 servers by Oracle Global IT; Oracle On Demand, Oracle University, and Oracle's technology demo systems also run Oracle Linux.[3]

Software developers at Oracle develop Oracle Database, Fusion Middleware, Oracle Grid Engine, E-Business Suite and other Oracle Applications on Oracle Linux.[3]

Related products[edit]

Oracle Linux is used as the underlying operating system for the following appliances.[21]

Specific additions[edit]

Benchmark submissions[edit]

Sun Fire systems[edit]

In March 2012, Oracle submitted a TPC-C benchmark result using a Sun Fire server running Oracle Linux and Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel.[26] With 8 Intel Xeon processors running Oracle DB 11 R2, the system is able to handle over 5.06 million tpmC (New-Order transactions per minute while fulfilling TPC-C[27]). The server is the third fastest TPC-C non-clustered system and is the fastest x86-64 non-clustered system.[28][29]

Oracle also submitted a SPECjEnterprise2010 benchmark record using Oracle Linux and Oracle WebLogic Server, and achieved both a single node and an x86 world record result of 27,150 EjOPS (SPECjEnterprise Operation/second).[30]

Cisco UCS systems[edit]

Cisco submitted 2 TPC-C benchmark results that run Oracle Linux with the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel R2 on UCS systems.[31] [32] The UCS systems rank fourth and eighth on the top TPC-C non-clustered list.[33]

Future SPARC version[edit]

In December 2010, Oracle CEO Larry Ellison announced that future versions of Oracle Linux will run on Oracle's SPARC and UltraSPARC T-series (Niagara) platforms.[34]

Software updates and version history[edit]

In March 2012, Oracle announced free software updates and errata for Oracle Linux on Oracle's public yum repositories.[35] In September 2013, Oracle announced that each month its free public yum servers handle 80 TB of data, and the switch to the Akamai content delivery network to handle the traffic growth.[36]

Release history[edit]

  • Oracle Linux 7[37]
  • Oracle Linux 6, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6[38]
  • Oracle Linux 5, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 5.8, 5.9, 5.10, 5.11[39]
  • Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9[40]
Oracle Linux Release Architectures RHEL base Oracle Linux release date RHEL release date Delay (Days)
4.5 i386, x86-64 4.5 2007-05-01
4.6 i386, x86-64 4.6 2007-12-10 [41] 2007-11-16 24
4.7 i386, x86-64 4.7 2008-08-05 [42] 2008-07-24 12
4.8 i386, x86-64 4.8 2009-05-26 [43] 2009-05-18 8
4.9 i386, x86-64 4.9 2011-02-16
5.0 i386, x86-64 5 2007-06-26 [44] 2007-03-14 104
5.1 i386, x86-64 5.1 2007-11-26 [45] 2007-11-07 19
5.2 i386, x86-64 5.2 2008-06-02 [46] 2008-05-21 12
5.3 i386, x86-64 5.3 2009-01-28 [47] 2009-01-20 8
5.4 i386, x86-64 5.4 2009-09-09 [48] 2009-09-02 7
5.5 i386, x86-64 5.5 2010-04-07 [49] 2010-03-31 7
5.6 i386, x86-64 5.6 2011-01-22 [50] 2011-01-13 9
5.7 i386, x86-64 5.7 2011-08-16 [51] 2011-07-21 26
5.8 i386, x86-64 5.8 2012-03-02 [52] 2012-02-21 10
5.9 i386, x86-64 5.9 2013-01-16 [53] 2013-01-07 9
5.10 i386, x86-64 5.10 2013-10-08 [54] 2013-10-01 7
5.11 i386, x86-64 5.11 2014-09-23 [55] 2014-09-16 7
6.0 i386, x86-64 6 2011-02-11 [56] 2010-11-10 93
6.1 i386, x86-64 6.1 2011-06-01 2011-05-19 13
6.2 i386, x86-64 6.2 2011-12-15 2011-12-06 9
6.3 i386, x86-64 6.3 2012-06-28 [57] 2012-06-21 7
6.4 i386, x86-64 6.4 2013-02-28 [58] 2013-02-21 7
6.5 i386, x86-64 6.5 2013-11-27 [59] 2013-11-21 6
6.6 i386, x86-64 6.6 2014-10-21 [60] 2014-10-14 7
7.0 x86-64 7.0 2014-07-23 [61] 2014-06-10 43

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oracle Linux 7 is now available". Retrieved 23 Jul 2014. 
  2. ^ Oracle Public Yum Server
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Oracle Linux FAQ". Oracle Corporation. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Fast, Modern, Reliable Linux at a Fraction of the Cost of Red Hat
  5. ^ Switching from Red Hat Network to Unbreakable Linux Network (ULN)
  6. ^ Oracle Linux Keeps Expanding With New Customers, Partners, And The Cloud
  7. ^ Oracle Linux Customers: Customers Succeed with Oracle Linux
  8. ^ Bach, Martin (2013). Expert Consolidation in Oracle Database 12c. SpringerLink : Bücher. Apress. p. 139. ISBN 9781430244295. Retrieved 2014-04-21. "For a long time, the differences between Red Hat Linux and Oracle Linux were negligible. This was before Oracle released its own branch of the kernel - the so-called Unbreakable Linux Kernel (UEK)." 
  9. ^ Oracle Linux with Oracle's Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel
  10. ^ Oracle Linux
  11. ^ IBM System x and BladeCenter solutions - Oracle Linux
  12. ^ Open Source and Linux from HP
  13. ^ Oracle Solutions
  14. ^ Lenovo ThinkServer Systems Certified for Oracle VM and Oracle Linux
  15. ^ DC Partner - Oracle
  16. ^ Force10 Networks Announces Support for Oracle VM and Oracle Linux for its Virtualization Solutions
  17. ^ Amazon Machine Images (AMIs) > Oracle
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ Sun Servers
  20. ^ Oracle VM
  21. ^ PartnerCast: Oracle Linux on YouTube
  22. ^ Customer Letter | Oracle and Ksplice
  23. ^ trying out dtrace
  24. ^ FAQ - Oracle Clusterware For Oracle Linux
  25. ^ Spacewalk 2.0 provided to manage Oracle Linux systems
  26. ^ TPC-C Full Disclosure Report: Oracle's Sun Fire X4800 M2 Server Using Oracle Database 11g Release 2
  27. ^ Frequently Asked Questions What is TPC-C?
  28. ^ TPC-C - Top Ten Performance Results - Non-Clustered Version 5 Results
  29. ^ 4.8M wasn't enough so we went for 5.055M tpmc with Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel r2 :-)
  30. ^ Oracle Weblogic Server Standard Edition Release 12.1.1 on Oracle Sun Fire X4800 M2
  31. ^ "TPC-C Full Disclosure Report: Cisco UCS C250 M2 Extended-Memory Server". Transaction Processing Performance Council. 
  32. ^ "TPC-C Full Disclosure Report: Cisco UCS C240 M3 Rack Server". Transaction Processing Performance Council. 
  33. ^ TPC-C - Top Ten Performance Results - Non-Clustered
  34. ^ Ellison: Oracle Enterprise Linux Coming to Sparc
  35. ^ Oracle Announces the Certification of the Oracle Database on Oracle Linux 6 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6
  36. ^ Public yum now powered by Akamai
  37. ^ Release Notes for Oracle Linux 7
  38. ^ Index of /el6/docs
  39. ^ Index of /el5/docs
  40. ^ Index of /el4/docs
  41. ^ "Enterprise Linux Release 4 Update 6 for x86 (32 bit)and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  42. ^ "Enterprise Linux Release 4 Update 7 for x86 (32 bit) , x86_64 (64 Bit) and Itanium (ia64) architectures". 
  43. ^ "Enterprise Linux Release 4 Update 8 for x86 (32 bit) , x86_64 (64 Bit) and Itanium (ia64) architectures". 
  44. ^ "Enterprise Linux Release 5". 
  45. ^ "Enterprise Linux Release 5 Update 1 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  46. ^ "Enterprise Linux Release 5 Update 2 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  47. ^ "Enterprise Linux Release 5 Update 3 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  48. ^ "Enterprise Linux Release 5 Update 4 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  49. ^ "Enterprise Linux Release 5 Update 5 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  50. ^ "Oracle Linux Release 5 Update 6 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  51. ^ "Oracle Linux Release 5 Update 7 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  52. ^ "Oracle Linux Release 5 Update 8 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  53. ^ "Oracle Linux Release 5 Update 9 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  54. ^ "Oracle Linux Release 5 Update 10 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  55. ^ "Oracle Linux Release 5 Update 11 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  56. ^ "Oracle Linux Release 6". 
  57. ^ "Oracle Linux Release 6 Update 3 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  58. ^ "Oracle Linux Release 6 Update 4 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  59. ^ "Oracle Linux Release 6 Update 5 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  60. ^ "Oracle Linux Release 6 Update 6 for x86 (32 bit) and x86_64 (64 Bit) architectures". 
  61. ^ "Oracle Linux 7 Release for x86_64". 

External links[edit]