Orahovica

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Not to be confused with Orehovica. ‹See Tfd›
For other places with the same name, see Orahovica (disambiguation).
Orahovica
City
Flag of Orahovica
Flag
Orahovica is located in Croatia
Orahovica
Orahovica
Coordinates: 45°31′58″N 17°52′46″E / 45.532853°N 17.879537°E / 45.532853; 17.879537
Government
 • Mayor Josip Nemec (HDZ)
 • Governing Party HDZ and HSLS
Area
 • City 123.9 km2 (47.8 sq mi)
Elevation 183 m (600 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • City 5,304
 • Urban 3,954
Postal Code 33515
Area code(s) +385 33
Vehicle registration NA, SL
Website www.orahovica.hr

Orahovica is a town in Slavonia, Croatia. It is situated on the slopes of the mountain Papuk and positioned on the state road D2 Varaždin-Koprivnica-Našice-Osijek.

Economy[edit]

Orahovica has a well-developed industry (tile production, panel-parquet, wine production, fruit and vegetables processing, metal processing...). Agriculture plays an important role for the town economy (crop and livestock farming, fresh water fish, fruit and vineyards).

History[edit]

The name Orahovica is derived from the word orah, meaning a walnut tree.

Orahovica was first officially mentioned in the year 1228, in a historical document issued by king Andrew II. Ružica fortification, not far from Orahovica, was first mentioned in the year 1357 as a royal estate. In the 15th and the first half of the 16th century the town was a thriving community owned by various patricians Nikola Kont, Lovro Iločki, Ladislav More etc.

Suleiman II, in his 1543 campaign, conquered Orahovica. The Turkish rule lasted till the year 1687 in which period the town became a notable sandjak. After the liberation, and up until the end of the 19th century many prominent noble families, like the Pejačević family, and the Mihalović family, owned the town.

In the late 19th century and early 20th century, Orahovica was part of the Virovitica County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

In the 20th century the town was a centre of a large municipality with a well-developed industry, and agriculture.

During the Croatian War of Independence Orahovica suffered from a number of shell attacks that caused certain material damage.

It received the status of a city (grad) in 1997.

Population[edit]

In the 2011 census, the total population of the administrative area of Orahovica was 5,304, distributed in the following settlements:[1]

In 2011, 87% of the population were Croats.[2]

Orahovica (settlement), ethnic composition
Year of census 2001 1991 1981 1971 1961
Croats 3,519 (82.56%) 2,999 (69.51%) 2,593 (64.74%) 2,587 (76.26%) 2,453 (80.82%)
Serbs 478 (11.21%) 771 (17.87%) 618 (15.43%) 604 (17.80%) 495 (16.30%)
Yugoslavs 0 218 (5.05%) 649 (16.20%) 118 (3.47%) 19 (0.62%)
others and unknown 265 (6.21%) 326 (7.55%) 145 (3.62%) 83 (2.44%) 68 (2.24%)
total 4,262 4,314 4,005 3,392 3,035
  • Source: CD-rom: "Naselja i stanovništvo RH od 1857-2001. godine", Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku Republike Hrvatske, Zagreb, 2005.

Notable sights[edit]

  • Orahovica's Lake - the most popular destination every summer.
  • Locomotive "Ćiro" - in the middle of the town
  • Ružica grad - old ruins of the fortress near the lake
  • Watermill - in the city park

Education[edit]

  • Kindergarten "Palčić"
  • Primary school "I.B. - Mažuranić"
  • High School "Stjepan Ivšić"

Tourism[edit]

View of Orahovica's Lake.

Orahovica became one of the most popular tourist destinations in Virovitica-Podravina County and Slavonia. Its culture, events, beautiful nature, sports and lake attract more and more tourists every year.

The nearby Orahovica Lake offers various forms of recreation, especially during the warm season of the year. Fishing opportunities are offered on the nearby fishpond Grudnjak.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]