||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (September 2007)|
|Founded by||king mahil|
|Named for||saint uddalak|
|• Body||Municipal Board|
|• MP||Bhanu pratap singh verma (BJP)|
|• MLA||Daya Shankar Verma (SP)|
|Elevation||131 m (430 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 92|
|Coastline||0 kilometres (0 mi)|
|Sex ratio||0.842 ♂/♀|
|Precipitation||980 millimetres (39 in)|
|Avg. annual temperature||22.0 °C (71.6 °F)|
|Avg. summer temperature||48.7 °C (119.7 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||7 °C (45 °F)|
Orai is a city and a municipal board in Jalaun district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the district headquarters for Jalaun District which is part of Jhansi division.It is situated near Highway NH25 in between Jhansi and Kanpur and on Bilrayan-Panwari SH21. It is located in the Bundelkhand region.
Orai is located at.
This place has a composite climate, with high temperatures during the summer and low during the winter. Relative humidity remains about 40-50%. The climate of Orai district is characterized by a hot summer and general dryness except rainfall during the southwest monsoon season. The year can be divided into four seasons. The cold season, December to February is followed by hot season. From March, to about first week of June is the summer season. It may is the hottest month of the year with temperature of 42.1 C. The minimum during the January is 7.1 C. The southwest monsoon starts from the middle of June and lasts until the end of September. October and middle of November constitute the post monsoon or retreating monsoon season. The normal annual rainfall of Orai is 793.8 mm. About 90.4% of annual rainfall is received during monsoon season. Only 9.6% of annual rainfall takes place between Octobers to May. The humidity comes down lowest in April. It varies between 26% and 83% at the different time in different seasons.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Orai urban agglomeration had a population of 190,625, out of which males were 101,434 and females were 89,191. The literacy rate was 83.35 per cent.
The existing railway line from Jhansi to Kanpur has been electrified and the Jhansi division has decided to post an IRSEE-2010 batch officer (departmental rank-2) sh.Rahul Tripathi as ADEE Orai and in charge of this section. Orai railway station comes under the "model railway station" category.
Orai has been named after a saint (Rishi) Uddalak because he worshipped there and has historical value because of its location, which is between Jhansi, Mahoba and Kalpi. Orai was also known as the City of King 'Mahil' who was infamous for his bad habits and back-biting; he betrayed his nephews Aalah and Udal.
There is a small story or belief behind this place. It is said that the King was fond of getting married. First time he got married in his childhood and after getting bored of his first wife, he married again. Like this he did four hundred one marriages. Later on he decided to abandon his childish attitude and adopted shistacharya. After doing this he made one ashram for his wives where they all can enjoy their lives as per their wishes. Aalah of the Banaphar Rajput clan was the famous general of the great Chandel king Parmal, who fought Prithviraj Chauhan in 1182 CE. Alha is one of the heroes of the Alha-Khand poem, popularly recited in the Bundelkhand region of India, a work that is also known as Parmal Raso.
The town of Kalpi on the Yamuna was conquered by the armies of Muhammad of Ghor in 1196. Early in the 14th century the Bundelas occupied the greater part of Jalaun, and even succeeded in holding the fortified post of Kalpi. That important possession was soon recovered by the Delhi Sultanate, and passed under the way of the Mughal Empire. Akbar's governors at Kalpi maintained a nominal authority over the surrounding district, and the Bundela chiefs were in a state of chronic revolt, which culminated in the war of independence under Maharaja Chhatrasal. On the outbreak of his rebellion in 1671 he occupied a large province to the south of the Yamuna. Setting out from this base, and assisted by the Marathas, he conquered the whole of Bundelkhand. On his death in 1732 he bequeathed one-third of his dominions to his Maratha allies, who before long succeeded in annexing the whole of Bundelkhand. Under Maratha rule the country was a prey to constant anarchy and strife.In 1806 Kalpi was made over to the British, and in 1840, on the death of Nana Gobind Ras, his possessions lapsed to them also. Various interchanges of territory took place, and in 1856 the boundaries of the British district were substantially settled, with an area of 1477 square miles.
Orai, Jalaun was the scene of much violence during the Revolt of 1857. When the news of the rising at Kanpur reached Kalpi, the men of the 53rd Native Infantry deserted their officers, and in June the Jhansi rebels reached the district, and began their murder of Europeans. It was not until September 1858 that the rebels were finally defeated. In the later 19th century, the district suffered much from the invasive kans grass (Saccharum spontaneum), owing to the spread of which many villages were abandoned and their land thrown out of cultivation. The population of the district was 399,726 in 1901, and the two largest towns are Konch and Kalpi (pop. 10,139 in 1901). The district was traversed by the line of the Indian Midland railway from Jhansi to Kanpur. A small part of it is watered by the Bethwa Canal. Grain, oil-seeds, cotton and ghee were exported.
Orai is bascially changed after 1990. Major changes are due to industrial area, HUL (Hindustan Unilever LTD), Sun India Pharmacy and many others.
This City also played dominating role in education sector have numerous Inter Colleges (Govt. & Private), Engineering Colleges, Law College, Polytechnic College and newly opened Medical College.
Educational places at Orai include:
- Gyanyog Shiksha Sansthan, Aata, Near Orai
- Saraswati Vidya Mandir Inter College
- Maa Dharma Inter College (http://www.maadharma.com/)
- Brajkuwar devi Aldrich inter college
- Ram Shree public school
- SR Inter college
- Maharshi Vidya Mandir
- RNT Inter college
- Vinayak Akedamy
- jivan Jyoti Chandra kamal Academy
- Thakur mahendra singh public School
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- Government Medical college orai jalaun
- DVC Orai
- Indira Gandhi Stadium
- Jalaun District website
- Maa Dharma inter college website