Orang Kuala

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Duano' people
Desin Duano' / Desin Dolak
Orang Kuala
Total population
19,000 (2006)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Indonesia Indonesia 17,500[2]
Malaysia Malaysia 4,660[3]
Duano' language, Indonesian language, Malay language
Sunni Islam (predominantly), Animism
Related ethnic groups
Orang Asli, Urak Lawoi’ people, Moken people

The Duano' (sometimes Desin Dolak or Desin Duano') are one of the indigenous peoples of Malaysia (where they are also referred to as Orang Kuala, meaning "people of the estuary") and can be found in islands along the northeastern region of Sumatra, Indonesia in which most Duano' people lived. They are considered to be Proto-Malay. Duano' people are also categorized as Orang Laut (sea people) or migratory fishermen; a group that includes the Urak Lawoi’ people and Moken people of the northern region.[4]

The Orang Kuala numbered about 2,000 people in 2000. They speak a Para-Malay language called Duano', which is currently endangered.


  1. ^ "Duano". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  2. ^ "Duano in Indonesia". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  3. ^ "Orang Kuala, Duano in Malaysia". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  4. ^ Christopher Moseley (2008). Encyclopedia of the World's Endangered Languages. Routledge. ISBN 1-1357-9640-8.