Sulphur-breasted myzomela

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Sulphur-breasted Myzomela
Myzomela jugularis.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Meliphagidae
Genus: Myzomela
Species: M. jugularis
Binomial name
Myzomela jugularis
Peale, 1848

The Sulphur-breasted Myzomela (Myzomela jugularis), also known as the Orange-breasted Myzomela or Orange-breasted Honeyeater, is a species of bird in the Meliphagidae family.

Description[edit]

male, Caqalai Island, Ovalau, Fiji Isles

The Sulphur-breasted Myzomela is 10 cm (4 in long). The upperparts are black with a scarlet rump. The underparts are pale yellow-white. The curved bill and feet are black. The male has a scarlet crown.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Sulphur-breasted Myzomela is endemic to Fiji, where it is the smallest resident avian species. It breeds on all the islands except Rotuma. It is a familiar bird in gardens as well as rural forest and mangrove habitats,[2] as well as among coconut trees in disturbed areas.[3] Its natural habitats are tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.

Breeding[edit]

The small nest is composed of root fibres and hidden in shrubby vegetation. A clutch of two eggs, pale pink with brown spots, is laid, and are incubated for around 14 days.[2]

male, De Voeux Peak, Taveuni, Fiji Isles

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Myzomela jugularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Mercer, Robin (1967). A Field Guide to Fiji Birds. Suva: Government Press. p. 22. 
  3. ^ Steadman DW, Franklin J (2000). (abstract) "A Preliminary Survey of Landbirds on Lakeba, Lau Group, Fiji". Emu 100 (3): 227–35. doi:10.1071/MU9934. Retrieved 2008-06-25. 

External links[edit]