Orange Cove, California

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City of Orange Cove
City
The Orange Cove Santa Fe Railway Depot now serves as City Hall and is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Orange Cove Santa Fe Railway Depot now serves as City Hall and is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Location in Fresno County and the state of California
Location in Fresno County and the state of California
Coordinates: 36°37′28″N 119°18′49″W / 36.62444°N 119.31361°W / 36.62444; -119.31361Coordinates: 36°37′28″N 119°18′49″W / 36.62444°N 119.31361°W / 36.62444; -119.31361
Country  United States
State  California
County Fresno
Incorporated January 20, 1948[1]
Government
 • Mayor Gabriel Jimenez[2]
 • Mayor Pro Tem Victor Lopez[3]
 • State Senator Tom Berryhill (R)[4]
 • State Assembly Henry T. Perea (D)[5]
 • U. S. Congress Devin Nunes (R)[6]
Area[7]
 • Total 1.912 sq mi (4.951 km2)
 • Land 1.912 sq mi (4.951 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[8] 423 ft (129 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,078
 • Density 4,700/sq mi (1,800/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 93646, 93675
Area code(s) 559
FIPS code 06-54008
GNIS feature IDs 277569, 2411327
Website www.cityoforangecove.com

Orange Cove is a small city in Fresno County, California, United States. The population was 9,078 at the 2010 census, up from 7,722 at the 2000 census. Almost all of Orange Cove's residents are Hispanic, many of whom are farmers. [1] Orange Cove is located in the San Joaquin Valley, 8 miles (13 km) east-southeast of Reedley,[9] at an elevation of 423 feet (129 m).[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), all of its land.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Orange Cove has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[10]

History[edit]

Elmer M. Sheridan founded the town in 1914, and named it prior to large scale citrus growing.[9] The first post office opened in 1914.[9] The city incorporated in 1948.[9]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[11] reported that Orange Cove had a population of 9,078. The population density was 4,748.6 people per square mile (1,800/km²). The racial makeup of Orange Cove was 3,940 (43.4%) White, 72 (0.8%) African American, 131 (1.4%) Native American, 101 (1.1%) Asian, 3 (0.03%) Pacific Islander, 4,481 (49.4%) from other races, and 350 (3.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8,413 persons (92.7%).

The Census reported that 9,078 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 2,068 households, out of which 1,459 (70.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,202 (58.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 430 (20.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 222 (10.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 207 (10%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 10 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 174 households (8.4%) were made up of individuals and 88 (4.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.39. There were 1,854 families (89.7% of all households); the average family size was 4.53.

The population was spread out with 3,619 people (39.9%) under the age of 18, 1,113 people (12.3%) aged 18 to 24, 2,398 people (26.4%) aged 25 to 44, 1,435 people (15.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 513 people (5.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.6 years. For every 100 females there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.1 males.

There were 2,231 housing units at an average density of 1,167.0 per square mile (450/km²), of which 893 (40%) were owner-occupied, and 1,175 (52.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 9.5%. 4,047 people (44.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 5,031 people (55.4%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 7,722 people, 1,694 households, and 1,512 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,030.4 people per square mile (1,900/km²). There were 1,767 housing units at an average density of 1,151.1 per square mile (440/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 33.55% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 2.42% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 58.84% from other races, and 3.38% from two or more races. 90.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,694 households out of which 62.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 10.7% were non-families. 7.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.56 and the average family size was 4.66.

In the city the population was spread out with 40.4% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 12.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 107.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was US$22,357, and the median income for a family was $22.5 thousand. Males had a median income of $21 thousand versus $16.8 thousand for females. The per capita income for the city was $7.13 thousand. About 39.9% of families and 44.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 54.6% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

Police department[edit]

The community of Orange Cove maintained its own police department for many years. In 1992 however, the city disbanded its police department, due to an inadequate budget and began contracting with the Fresno County Sheriff's Department for police services.

As of December 16, 2009, the city restarted its police department. Frank Steenport was the Chief.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Mayor". City of Orange Cove. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Mayor Pro-Tem". City of Orange Cove. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  6. ^ "California's 22nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  7. ^ U.S. Census
  8. ^ a b "Orange Cove". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  9. ^ a b c d Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1084. ISBN 1-884995-14-4. 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Orange Cove, California
  11. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Orange Cove city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]