Orchard Park Estate
|Orchard Park Estate|
Caldane, with Milldane flats behind, Danepark (2008)
Orchard Park Estate shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Unitary authority||Kingston upon Hull|
|Ceremonial county||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||Kingston upon Hull North|
The Orchard Park estate is on the northern eastern fringe of the western part Kingston upon Hull adjacent to the city boundary. Cottingham, East Riding of Yorkshire is 1 mile directly to the west; the North Hull Estate (Greenwood Avenue) is contiguous adjacent to the south; the eastern boundary is formed by the Beverley and Barmston Drain, beyond which is more housing, and the river Hull (0.5 mile); to the north is open farmland.
Population and environment
Population at the 2001 and 2011 censuses was around 4,600, with the inhabitants being mainly white families (over 90%), predominately working class. Social housing represented 68% of all housing stock in 2011 (75% in 2001). Unemployment was extremely high in both national and local terms, at 27%. The area has suffered historically from a self re-inforcing negative perceptions of the area, resulting in low house prices, low desirability of properties; the 'Radburn' layout has been criticised as being partially responsibility for problems with public spaces, due to a lack of a sense of clear ownership of outside spaces, such as parking areas.
Prior to the estate's development the land was open drained farmland; the northernmost housing development was on the south side of Orchard Park Road (formerly North Carr Lane, dating to at least 1850s). At the west side of the crossing of the road and the Beverley & Barmston drain (Cold Harbour Bridge) was Orchard Park Farm (formerly Cold Harbour farm.)
In the 1930s the development of the North Hull Estate brought the urban growth of Hull to the edge of North Carr Lane. A church St. Michael and All Angels was built on the north side of North Carr Lane c. 1934; it was replaced by another church c. 1955–7, with the older building reused as a church hall.
Construction of the Orchard Park Estate was begun in 1963. The estate, together with the Ings Road Estate in East Hull was built as a response to a need for more council housing stock, in part due to 'slum' clearances of older housing stock.
The estate took the form of four 'villages' (Thorpe Park,[map 1] Danepark,[map 2] Courtpark,[map 3] and Shaw Parks.[map 4]), each consisting of a housing plan inspired by the Radburn design, each with a central tower block of flats. An extension of Hall Road curved through the estate connecting from the Endike Lane (to Cottingham) to Beverley Road (to Beverley); use was made of landscaping with minor hillocks of made ground, mostly along the west and north side of Hall Road.
The estate was built with school facilities as part of the development. These were Thorpe Park Primary (east end of Hall Road, near Thorpe Park Road);[map 5] Court Part Primary (Courtney Road);[map 6] Danepark Primary (near Caldane, Dane Park Road);[map 7] Shaw Park Primary (near Dringshaw, Orchard Park Road);[map 8] Sir Henry Cooper High (northeast corner of the estate, Thorpepark Road);[map 9] Sir Leo Schulz High (opposite Isledane, north side of Danepark Road).[map 10] Additionally there were Roman Catholic schools St. John Fisher High School;[map 11] and Holy Name Primary,[map 12] adjacent on the west side of Hall Road near the junction with Courtway Road.
In 2001 the area had high levels of unoccupied housing at 26%.
Two high rise flats in the Danepark area (Milldane) were demolished in 2002.[map 14] Two of three high rise flats in the Thorpe Park area (Homethorpe) were demolished in 2002 and 2004 (Drake House and Vernon House).[map 15]
In 2008, Hull City Council approved a bid for Private Finance Initiative (PFI) funding to redevelop the estate; this was approved by Housing Minister John Healey in July 2009, with an allocation of £156 million. In 2010, the then Liberal controlled Hull City Council approved the demolition of all remaining high rise tower blocks on the estate; with over 600 new homes planned to be built on the estate. The council's plans to demolish and rebuild housing using PFI funding were upset by cuts in government funding. with the government cancelling all "Housing PFI" projects that were at the 'pipeline' stage. Other PFI projects on the estate outside the project continued, including the "Extra Care PFI", involving construction at Homethorpe, and the demolition of high rise and mid sized flats on the estate were not affected.
Following control of the council passing to the Labour party the flat demolition decision was reviewed, with a report in 2012 recommending the demolition of the flats (Gorthorpe,[map 16] Kinthorpe,[map 17] Laxthorpe,[map 18] and Highcourt.). In mid 2012 the council decided to refurbish two of the flats (Gorthorpe, and Kinthorpe) due to demand for housing, and demolish the others.
Sir Henry Cooper High School was closed in 2012, with most students and teachers transferring to Thomas Ferens Academy. The Parks Primary school closed 2013, re-opening as The Parks Primary Academy in late 2013. Holy Name primary school was renamed St. Anthony's Primary in 2013 after the closure of the nearby Holy Name church.
In 2013 the city council approved funding for improvements to the housing stock – the main activity was to be energy efficiency improvements to the 1,195 low rise houses of the Wimpey no-fines house type; specifically insulative cladding.
The tower block at High Court was scheduled for demolition in 2014,[map 20] having had its tenancy reduced to only 4 people. In March 2014 agreement was reached on work to construct a 52 house new build housing development on the site of the Bridgeman house tower block. In May 2014 the council decided to demolish the Gorthorpe and Kinthorpe flats which had previously been spared demolition and were planned to be refurbished. In 2014 demolition work for construction of a new shopping centre for the estate began; the development was delayed several years to the difficulty of finding an 'anchor' shopholder for the development, and due to funding difficulties. Demolition of the Kinthorpe and Laxthorpe flats began September 2014 by mechanical demolition.
- Ordnance Survey 1:25000 2006
- "Thorpepark Primary School (URN): 117808", www.ofsted.gov.uk, retrieved 9 September 2014
- "Establishment: The Parks Primary Academy", www.education.gov.uk, General, retrieved 9 September 2014
- "St Anthony's Catholic Primary School (URN): 118047", www.ofsted.gov.uk, retrieved 9 September 2014
- Crookston, Martin (2014), Garden Suburbs of Tomorrow?: A New Future for the Cottage Estates, pp. 77–83
- Ordnance Survey 1:15060 1855, 1911, 1938, 1956
- Ordnance Survey Sheet 226NW 1926.1938
- Neave & Neave 2010, p. 31.
- Ordnance Survey 1:15060 1938, 1956
- Allison 1969, THE PARISH CHURCHES : Modern parishes formed from the Parish of Cottingham .
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Neave, David (1995). Yorkshire: York and the East Riding. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). p. 513.
- Neave & Neave 2010, p. 33.
- Ordnance Survey 1:2500 1964-7/1969-70
- THE ORCHARD PARK SHOPPING CENTRE, Orchard Park Environmental Redevlopment Association (OPERA), July 1998, pp. 1–2
- "HULL SIR LEO SCHULTZ HIGH SCHOOL RECORDS", National Archives
- "Shaw Park Primary School", www.education.gov.uk, retrieved 9 September 2014
- "Dane Park Primary School", www.education.gov.uk, retrieved 9 September 2014
- "The Parks Primary School (closed) (URN): 133597", www.ofsted.gov.uk, School inspection report 5 Jul 2004, retrieved 9 September 2014
- "Demolition Homethorpe multi-storey flats Orchard Park, Hull", urbanrim.org.uk, retrieved 9 September 2014
- "Only two of original high-rise blocks will remain", Hull Daily Mail, 24 July 2012
- Wainwright, Martin (31 October 2003), "Body in cupboard killer jailed for life", The Guardian
- "Rachel's killer jailed for life", BBC News, 30 October 2003
- Williams, Brian (February 2011), "Orchard Park PFI: cancelled housing renewal project", urbanrim.org.uk
- "Report backs demolition plan for high-rise flats", Hull Daily Mail, 15 June 2012
- "Plans for 680 new homes in Hull considered", BBC News Humberside, 2 October 2010
- "Plans for 670 new homes in Hull approved by council", BBC News Humberside, 25 October 2010
- "Spending cuts hit £150m Hull estate revamp", BBC News Humberside, 22 November 2010
- "'Two up, two down' vote saves Orchard Park tower blocks, but Hull city council will demolish others", Hull Daily Mail, 26 June 2012
- "Sir Henry Cooper School (closed) (URN): 118105", www.ofsted.gov.uk, Section 8 inspection report 29 May 2012, retrieved 9 September 2014
- "The Parks Primary School (closed) (URN): 133597", www.ofsted.gov.uk, retrieved 9 September 2014
- "St Anthony’s Primary School", st-anthonys.hull.sch.uk, retrieved 9 September 2014
- "St Anthony's Catholic Primary School", www.ofsted.gov.uk, 24–25 June 2014, retrieved 9 September 2014
- "Demolition of Orchard Park tower block Bridgeman House to take place on Sunday", Hull Daily Mail, 27 July 2012
- "New builds 'will help push estate forward'", Hull Daily Mail, 15 January 2013
- "DemHULLition job: Mixed emotions as Orchard Park flats torn down", Hull Daily Mail, 12 August 2013
- "Orchard park", Hull City Council, retrieved 9 September 2014
- Orchard Park Investment Plan, Hull City Council / Riverside, February 2013
- "Orchard Park's Highcourt tower block to be demolished in autumn", Hull Daily Mail, 25 January 2014
- "Works starts in Orchard Park on £5m affordable housing to replace tower block", Hull Daily Mail, 24 March 2014
- Young, Angus (2 May 2014), "Orchard Park's Gorthorpe and Kinthorpe tower blocks to be demolished after Hull City Council U-turn", Hull Daily Mail
- "Shopping centre for Hull's Orchard Park 'built by October'", Hull Daily Mail, 7 July 2012
- Shoesmith, Kevin (13 July 2013), "Work starts on new Hull shopping centre", Hull Daily Mail
- Shoesmith, Kevin (23 September 2014), "Hull's Orchard Park tower blocks 'mechanically dismantled' floor by floor", Hull Daily Mail
- , Thorpe Park (approximate centre)
- , Danepark (approximate centre)
- , Court Park (approximate centre)
- , Shaw Park (approximate centre)
- , Thorpe Park Primary
- , Court Park Primary, now The Parks Primary
- , Dane Park Primary (site of)
- , Shaw Park Primary (site of)
- , Sir Henry Cooper High (site of)
- , Sir Leo Schultz High (site of)
- , St. John Fisher High, now Police college
- , Holy Name Primary
- , Orchard Park shopping centre
- , Milldane flats (3 towers, site of)
- , Homethorpe flats (3 towers, site of)
- , Gorthorpe flats (site of)
- , Kinthorpe flats (site of)
- , Laxthorpe flats (site of)
- , Ashthorpe flats (site of)
- , Highcourt flats
- Allison, K.J., ed. (1969). The City of Kingston upon Hull. Victoria County Histories 1.
- Neave, David; Neave, Susan (2010). Hull. Pevsner Architectural Guides.
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