Orcheston shown within Wiltshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Orcheston is a civil parish and village in Wiltshire, England, lying on Salisbury Plain less than a mile north-west of neighbouring Shrewton. The present day village combines the two former parishes of Orcheston St Mary and Orcheston St George.
History and description
The two civil parishes of Orcheston, based on the two Church of England parish churches of St Mary and St George, were united into a single civil parish in 1934 and into a single ecclesiastical parish in 1971. St George's Church was built in the 13th century. It has been designated as a Grade II* listed building and is now in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust. The church is built of flint and has a Norman north door. The windows in the nave and Early English chancel and low tower also date from the 13th century. The church was restored in 1833 during which the roof of nave was raised.
The parish gives its name to the 'Orcheston long grass' (Agrostis stolonifera), also called 'Creeping Bent', the most commonly used species of Agrostis. The Rough-Stalked Meadow Grass (Poa trivialis), is also called Orcheston Grass, and in the early 19th century there was something of a controversy among botanists as to which was the true Orcheston Grass.
- 'Orcheston St Mary', in A History of the County of Wiltshire, Volume XV (1995)
- 'Orcheston St George' in A History of the County of Wiltshire, Volume XIX (work in progress)
- Peter Daniels, Around Amesbury in old photographs (1990)
- Richard Tomkins, Wiltshire Place Names (1983), p. 79
- Orcheston at probertencyclopaedia.com
- Frederic A. Youngs, Guide to the local administrative units of England (1980), page 546
- "Church of St. George". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
- "St George, Orcheston". Churches Conservation Trust. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
- "Orby - Ormskirk". A Topographical Dictionary of England. British History Online. 1848. pp. 479–483. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
- Orcheston at wiltshire.gov.uk
- William George Maton, Observations on the Orcheston long grass in Transactions of the Linnean Society, v. 5 (1800), pp. 28-31
- William Bingley, Useful knowledge: or, A familiar account of the various productions of nature (1831) page 33 online at books.google.com
- William Withering, An arrangement of British plants (1796) page 144 at books.google.com
- Martin John Sutton, Permanent and Temporary Pastures (1929), p. 60
- 'An Account of the Grasses and Produce of the Orcheston Meadow in Wiltshire, by Mr Tanner', in The Farmer's Magazine (1813)
- 'Fiorin Grass', in Retrospect of philosophical, mechanical, chemical, and agricultural discoveries (volume for 1815) page 174 at books.google.com
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Orcheston.|
- Orcheston St Mary at genuki.org.uk
- Orcheston St George at genuki.org.uk
- Map of Orcheston at ordnancesurvey.co.uk
- Map of Orcheston in Wiltshire at streetmap.co.uk
- Orcheston St George, Wiltshire photo at geograph.org.uk
- Orcheston St Mary, Wiltshire photo at geograph.org.uk
- Salisbury Diocesan Guild of Ringers, Orcheston, St George at sdgr.org.uk