Orchis anthropophora

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Man Orchid
Aceras anthropophorum flowers.jpg
Flowers of Orchis anthropophora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
Subtribe: Orchidinae
Alliance: Orchis
Genus: Orchis
Species: Orchis anthropophora
Binomial name
Orchis anthropophora
(L.) All.
Synonyms[1]

Orchis anthropophora, the Man Orchid (formerly Aceras anthropophorum), is a European species of orchid whose flowers resemble a human figure. The head is formed by the petals and sepals, and the suspended torso and limbs by the lobes of the labellum. It usually grows in calcareous grassland.

Description[edit]

The man orchid is a herbaceous perennial, growing to a height of between 20 to 40 cm (7.9 to 16 in). A basal rosette of 5 cm (2.0 in) lanceolate leaves develops from a tuber of up 6 cm (2.4 in) diameter, and between April and June a central flower spike is produced bearing up to fifty small, stemless flowers – the flowers vary from greenish, with a yellow-green labellum, to green, streaked and marked with purple.

Orchis anthropophora leaf rosette before flowering
Orchis anthropophora
(L.) All.

Habitat[edit]

Orchis anthropophora favours moderately sunny meadows on well-drained, often calcareous soil. It is to be found around the Mediterranean area, and in central and western Europe as far north as southern England. It also grows in alpine areas, but not at high altitude.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Aceras anthropophorum at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Aceras anthropophorum at Wikispecies