Order of Chula Chom Klao

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The Most Illustrious Order of Chula Chom Klao
เครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์จุลจอมเกล้า
Chula chom klao order.jpg
First Class Order of Chula Chom Klao (Breast Star)
Awarded by
Garuda Emblem of Thailand (Broad wings).svg
the King of Thailand
Status Currently constituted
Sovereign HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej
Established 16 November 1873
First induction 16 November 1873
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of the Nine Gems
Next (lower) Ratana Varabhorn Order of Merit
(Former orders)
Order of Chula Chom Klao - Special Class (Thailand) ribbon.png
Ribbon bar of the Knight Grand Cordon Order of Chula Chom Klao

The Most Illustrious Order of Chula Chom Klao (Thai: เครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์จุลจอมเกล้า, RTGS: Khrueang Ratcha Itsariyaphon Chunla Chom Klao) was established in 16 November 1873 by King Rama V of The Kingdom of Siam (now Thailand) to commemorate the 90th Jubilee of the Chakri Dynasty, and bears his Name (จุลจอมเกล้า Chula Chom Klao). The pink colour reflects the Tuesday birthday colour for King Rama V.

Insignia[edit]

Pendant of the Order.

The full insignia for the Order consists of:

  • Pendant - The pendant design varies between classes.
  • Sash - Female: The pendant is suspended from a pink sash 7.5 cm wide, worn over the left shoulder to the right hip. It can also be attached onto the silk ribbon of 5 cm wide, to wear on the front left shoulder.
  • Star - The star design varies between classes.
  • Collar: The collar consists of sixteen Royal Ciphers of King Rama V in pink enamel and seventeen gold rosettes fastened to each other by chain links. The centre of the collar has an oval medallion with Airavata elephants, enamelled in white, and a gold crown with a starburst at the top. Flanking the medallion on either side are two gold lion supporters, carrying Royal Parasols. The whole piece is topped with white bows.
  • Medal: The medal, also known as the 'Junior Companion', is a silver disc. The central piece bears a portrait of King Rama V and is surrounded by a raised band, engraved with the motto "I Shall Maintain My Royal Family". The whole piece is edged with a wreath and topped with a crown with a starburst. The reverse of the medal is engraved with Airavata elephants bearing the Trident and Thai script. The whole piece is surrounded by a Chakra and gold wreaths. The medal is suspended from a pink silk band of 4 cm wide, to wear on the left chest.
Medal of the Order.

Classes[edit]

The Order consists of 7 classes, with a distinction made between male and female members. Some of the classes are further broken down into several divisions. The number of members in each division is also limited. During the 50th anniversary of his accession to the throne, King Bhumibol promoted all recipients of the Order during the reign of his predecessor, King Rama VIII, by one class higher.

First Class[edit]

The First Class of the order is broken into two divisions for men, and one division for women.

  • Order of Chula Chom Klao - Special Class (Thailand) ribbon.png Knight Grand Cordon (Special Class)
Thai ปฐมจุลจอมเกล้าวิเศษ (Pathom Chunlachomklao Wiset), postnominal ป.จ.ว. (PChW)
Insignia consists of the pendant, star, collar, sash and medal.
The pendant design for men is of a gold circular disc, with the enamelled portrait of King Rama V placed at the centre. The central piece is surrounded by a blue enamelled circlet, engraved with the motto "I Shall Maintain My Royal Family" gilted in Thai. Eight rays of a star, enamelled in pink, backed by a cogwheel of gold, lie at the edge. The points of the star are linked to a separate wreath of gold leaves, enamelled in green. The whole piece is topped with a gold crown of enamelled work and a golden starburst. The back of the pendant has the Airavata elephants bearing the Trident enamelled in white at the centre. The central disc is surrounded by a blue enamelled circlet with Thai script. At the edge, it is surrounded by the Chakra, enamelled in white upon the red field.
The pendant design for women is similar to the pendant for men, but of smaller size and with brilliants at the crown and wreaths. The back is engraved with "1894" gilted with Thai numerals.
The star for men has sixteen rays of pierced silver and straight gold. The central piece consists of a pink disc with the Royal Cipher of King Rama V in brilliants and a blue enamelled circlet, engraved with the motto "I Shall Maintain My Royal Family" gilted in Thai. The circlet is edged with a silver band set in brilliants. The star is worn on the left chest.
The star for women is similar to the Star for males, but of smaller size, to wear on the left chest.
No limit to the number of members
  • Order of Chula Chom Klao - 1st Class (Thailand) ribbon.png Knight (or Dame) Grand Cross (First Class)
Thai ปฐมจุลจอมเกล้า (Pathom Chunlachomklao), postnominal ป.จ. (PCh)
Insignia consists of the pendant, star, collar and sash. The pendant and star design is the same as for the Knight Grand Cordon.
Limited to 30 male and 20 female members.

Second Class[edit]

The Second Class of the order is broken into two divisions for men, and two divisions for women.

  • Order of Chula Chom Klao - 2nd Class upper (Thailand) ribbon.png Knight (or Dame) Grand Commander (Second Class, Upper Grade)
Thai ทุติยจุลจอมเกล้าวิเศษ (Thutiya Chunlachomklao Wiset), postnominal ท.จ.ว. (ThChW)
Insignia consists of the pendant, silk band and star (men only).
The pendant design for men is similar to that of the Knight Grand Cordon, suspended from a pink silk band 5 cm wide, to wear as collar.
The pendant design for women is similar to that of Dame Grand Cross but without brilliants, suspended from a pink sash 7.5 cm wide to wear over the left shoulder to the right hip or attached onto the pink silk ribbon 5 cm wide to wear on the front left shoulder.
The star is of uncut silver with eight points of straight rays. The central piece is a circular disc, enamelled in pink, with the Royal Cipher of King Rama V in gold. The disc is surrounded by a blue enamelled circlet, engraved with the motto "I Shall Maintain My Royal Family" gilted in Thai.
Limited to 200 male and 100 female members.
  • Order of Chula Chom Klao - 2nd Class lower (Thailand) ribbon.png Knight (or Dame) Commander (Second Class, Lower Grade)
Thai ทุติยจุลจอมเกล้า (Thutiya Chunlachomklao), postnominal ท.จ. (ThCh)
Insignia consists of the pendant and silk band.
The pendant design for men is the same as for the Knight Grand Commander(Second Class, higher grade).
The pendant design for women is similar Dame Grand Commander, attached onto the 5 cm silk ribbon to wear on the front left shoulder.
Limited to 250 male and 100 female members.

Third Class[edit]

The Third Class of the order is broken into three divisions for men, and one division for women.

  • Order of Chula Chom Klao - 3rd Class upper (Thailand) ribbon.png Grand Companion (Third Class, Upper Grade)
Thai ตติยจุลจอมเกล้าวิเศษ (Tatiya Chunlachomklao Wiset), postnominal ต.จ.ว. (TChW)
Insignia consists of a pendant only. The pendant design is similar to that for a Knight Commander, but of smaller size. It is suspended from a pink silk band 4 cm wide, with an additional rosette, to wear on the left chest.
Limited to 250 male members.
  • Order of Chula Chom Klao - 3rd Class lower (Thailand) ribbon.png Companion (Third Class, Lower Grade)
Thai ตติยจุลจอมเกล้า (Tatiya Chunlachomklao), postnominal ต.จ. (TCh)
Insignia consists of a pendant only. The pendant design is similar to that for a Grand Companion, without the additional rosette. For women, the pendant design is similar to that of Dame Commander but of smaller size, attached on a silk ribbon 4 cm wide, to wear on the front left shoulder.
Limited to 200 male members and 250 female members.
  • Order of Chula Chom Klao - 4th Class (Thailand) ribbon.png Junior Companion
Thai ตติยานุจุลจอมเกล้า (Tatiyanu Chunlachomklao), postnominal ต.อ.จ. (TOCh)
Insignia consists of the medal only.
Limited to 100 male members.

Fourth Class[edit]

The Fourth Class of the order has a single division for women.

  • Order of Chula Chom Klao - 4th Class (Thailand) ribbon.png Member (Fourth Class)
Thai จตุตถจุลจอมเกล้า (Chatutot Chunlachomklao), postnominal จ.จ. (ChCh)
Insignia consists of the medal only. The medal is similar to that for the Companion, but of gilt and blue enamelled circlet. The reverse of the medal is similar to that of Companion, but with "1894" gilted in the outer band.
Limited to 150 female members.

Titles[edit]

  • Male and single female members of the Order are titled "Khun" (คุณ - Khun)
  • Female married members of the Dame Grand Cross and the Dame Grand Commander class are titled "Than Phuying" (ท่านผู้หญิง - Than Phuying)
  • Female married members of the Dame Commander class and below are titled "Khun Ying" (คุณหญิง - Khun Ying)

Inheritance[edit]

  • Should a person be conferred the Knight Grand Cordon, his son should inherit the insignia on his death. It should then be passed on in the family until no male heir is to be found.
  • Should a person be conferred the Knight Grand Cross, his son should inherit the insignia on his death.
  • Should a person be conferred the Knight Grand Commander or Knight Commander, his son should inherit the insignia on his death.
  • The person inheriting the insignia must be the eldest son of the family. Should he be inappropriate, the insignia should pass onto the younger sons.
  • Should the person inheriting the insignia be insane or dead, it should be passed onto the son of that person.
  • Should the person inherit the insignia from his father, he should be conferred as a Companion.
  • Should the person inherit the insignia from his grandfather he should be conferred as a Junior Companion.

Selected recipients[edit]

Foreign recipients of the Order[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]