Order of Franz Joseph

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Imperial Austrian Franz Joseph Order
Imperial Order of Franz Joseph (Russia).jpg
Insignia of the order: Commander's Cross (top), breast star (bottom)
Awarded by
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg
Emperor of Austria
Type Order
Status Abolished
Emperor of Austria
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Five
Established December 2, 1849
First induction 1849
Last induction 1918
Ord.Franz.Joseph-CAV.png
Ribbon of the order

The Imperial Austrian Franz Joseph Order was founded by the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria on December 2, 1849 on the first anniversary of his accession to the imperial throne.

Classes[edit]

The order was originally awarded in three classes: Grand Cross, Commander's Cross, and Knight's Cross. In 1869, the class of Commander with Star was added, which ranked immediately below the Grand Cross. The Officer's Cross, which ranked between Commander and Knight, was introduced on February 1, 1901.

The order ceased to exist with the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918. It was not re-established with the foundation of the Republic of Austria.

Ribbon bars
Ord.Franz.Joseph-GC.png
Grand Cross
Ord.Franz.Joseph-COMplacca.png
Commander with Star (1869)
Ord.Franz.Joseph-COM.png
Commander
Ord.Franz.Joseph-UFF.png
Officer (1901)
Ord.Franz.Joseph-CAV.png
Knight

Description[edit]

Knights wore the decoration suspended from a triangular ribbon on the left breast. Officers wore it on the left breast without a ribbon. Commanders wore the decoration at the neck, as did Commander with Star, who in addition also wore a breast star. The Grand Cross was worn suspended from the shoulder and also came with a breast star. The ribbon of all classes of the order was plain red.

In common with the other Austro-Hungarian awards of the period, the Franz Joseph Order was further distinguished with the addition of the War decoration and Swords which could be awarded for military merit. However, if soldiers were honoured, it was usually for distinguished service as opposed to gallantry in the face of the enemy.

Recipients[edit]

Honorees of the order include Anton Bruckner[1] Philipp Sarlay, and Émile Baudot.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Watson, Derek Bruckner. New York: Schuster & Macmillan (1997): 39
  2. ^ p. 33, Butrica (1991) Andrew J. Boca Raton, Florida "Baudot, Jean Maurice Emile" Froehlich, Kent (editors) Fritz E., Allen The Froehlich/Kent Encyclopedia of Telecommunications Vol. 2 CRC Press

External links[edit]

Media related to Imperial Order of Franz Joseph at Wikimedia Commons