Order of Friendship

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Order of Friendship
Frienship order rf.jpg
Order of Friendship (obverse)
Awarded by  Russian Federation
Type Single grade order
Eligibility Russian nationals and Foreign nationals
Awarded for Strengthening friendship and cooperation between peoples
Status Active
Statistics
Established March 2, 1994[1]
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of Honour
Next (lower) Order of Parental Glory
Orden of Friendship.png
Ribbon of the Order of Friendship
Prince Michael of Kent receives the Order of Friendship from Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on November 4, 2009 at the Moscow Kremlin. (Photo www.kremlin.ru)
International Olympic Committee president Jacques Rogge being awarded the Order of Friendship by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on 22 November 2011 at the Moscow Kremlin. (Photo www.kremlin.ru)
Manfred Schmidt, Head of the Department for Crisis Management of the German Interior Ministry, being decorated with the Order of Friendship by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on 13 October 2010 at the Moscow Kremlin. (Photo www.kremlin.ru)

The Order of Friendship (Russian: Орден Дружбы) is a state decoration of the Russian Federation established by presidential decree 442 of March 2, 1994[1] to reward foreign nationals whose work, deeds and efforts were aimed at the betterment of relations with the Russian Federation and its people. Its statute was later amended by presidential decree 19 of January 6, 1999,[2] presidential decree 1099 of September 7, 2010,[3] presidential decree 1631 of December 16, 2011,[4] and presidential decree 308 of March 16, 2012.[5] It can trace its lineage to the Soviet Order of Friendship of Peoples.

Award statute[edit]

The Order of Friendship is awarded to Russian and foreign nationals for special merit in strengthening peace, friendship, cooperation and understanding between nations, for fruitful work on the convergence and mutual enrichment of cultures of nations and peoples; for the active conservation, development and promotion of the cultural and historical heritage of Russia; for great contribution to the implementation of joint ventures with the Russian Federation, major economic projects and attracting investments into the economy of the Russian Federation; for broad charitable activities.[5]

Award description[edit]

The badge of the Order of Friendship is made of gilded silver and enamels. It is a pentagonal star created from diverging golden rays. On the obverse at the center of the star is a terrestrial globe, with the oceans covered in blue enamel. The globe is surrounded by a green enamelled wreath of olive branches. On the reverse is the inscription "Peace and Friendship" (Russian: "Мир и дружба") and the etched serial number of the individual award. The distance between opposite tips of the star is 44 mm.[1]

The badge of the order is connected by a ring through the suspension loop to a standard Russian pentagonal mount covered with an overlapping 24 mm wide green silk moiré ribbon with 6 mm wide light blue stripes along its edges.[1] When worn in the presence of other Orders and medals of the Russian Federation, the Order of Friendship is located immediately after the Order of Honour.[6]

Notable recipients (partial list)[edit]

The following individuals were awarded the Order of Friendship:[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of March 2, 1994 No. 442" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 1999-12-15. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  2. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of January 6, 1991 No. 19" (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. 1999-12-15. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  3. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No. 1099" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  4. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 16, 2011 No 1631" (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2011-12-16. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  5. ^ a b "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of March 16, 2012 No. 308" (in Russian). Consultants, legal library of Russia. 2012-03-16. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  6. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of April 12, 2012 No. 433" (in Russian). Russian Presidential Executive Office. 2012-04-12. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  7. ^ "Compiled from the site of the President of the Russian Federation" (in Russian). Kremlin News. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  8. ^ a b c d Dunayev, Vladislav (19 April 2001). "CONSULATE IN SAN FRANCISCO CELEBRATING RESEARCH" (in Russian). Nezavisimaya Gazeta. Retrieved 12 March 2010. [dead link]
  9. ^ Hoe, Yeen Nie (16 November 2009). "Russia, S'pore move towards closer ties with new governmental body". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  10. ^ "Former Vatican Ambassador to Russia is decorated with Order of Friendship". interfax-religion.com. 2010-02-18. 
  11. ^ Sweeting, Adam (16 March 2011). "Riccardo Muti: a profile". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "Dr Rowan Williams is honoured for work on Russia". BBC. 12 March 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  13. ^ http://eng.news.kremlin.ru/news/179
  14. ^ ru:Орбелян, Константин Гарриевич
  15. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/russia-honours-brahmos-chief-with-order-of-friendship-award-114022601148_1.html

External links[edit]