Order of Liberty

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Order of Liberty
Ordem da Liberdade
Star of order of liberty of portugal.jpg
Star of The Order of Liberty
Awarded by Flag of Portugal.svg Portuguese Republic
Type Order
Eligibility Portuguese and foreign citizens; military or civilian
Awarded for Distinguished and important services rendered to the cause of democracy and freedom.[1]
Status Currently constituted
Sovereign President Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Grand Collar
Grand Cross
Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Knight
Established 1976
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of Prince Henry
Next (lower) Order of Merit
PRT Order of Freedom - Knight BAR.png
Ribbon bar of the Order of Liberty
Chain of the Order of Liberty

The Order of Liberty, or Freedom, (Portuguese: Ordem da Liberdade) is a Portuguese honorific civil order that distinguishes relevant services to the cause of democracy and freedom, in the defense of the values of civilization and human dignity. The order was created in 1976, after the Carnation Revolution of 1974 in which the quasi-fascist authoritarian Estado Novo regime of António de Oliveira Salazar and Marcello Caetano was deposed . The Grand Collar can also be given by the President of Portugal to former Heads of State and others whose deeds are of an extraordinary nature and particular relevance to Portugal, to making them worthy of such distinction.[2]

Grades[edit]

The order includes five classes; in decreasing order of seniority, these are:

  • PRT Order of Freedom - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Collar (Grande Colar - GColL)
  • PRT Order of Freedom - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross (Grã-Cruz - GCL)
  • PRT Order of Freedom - Grand Officer BAR.png Grand Officer (Grande-Oficial - GOL)
  • PRT Order of Freedom - Commander BAR.png Commander (Comendador - ComL)
  • PRT Order of Freedom - Officer BAR.png Officer (Oficial - OL)
  • PRT Order of Freedom - Knight BAR.png Knight / Dame (Cavaleiro / Dama - CavL / DamL)

Like the other Portuguese orders, the title of Honorary Member (Membro Honorário—MHL) can be awarded to institutions and locals.

List of the Grand Collar of Freedom[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HISTÓRIA DA ORDEM DA LIBERDADE - Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas" (in Portuguese). Ordens.presidencia.pt. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  2. ^ "ORDEM DA LIBERDADE - Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas" (in Portuguese). Ordens.presidencia.pt. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 

External links[edit]