Order of Michael the Brave

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Ordinul "Mihai Viteazul"
Order of Michael the Brave.jpg
The Order "Michael the Brave" third class, as it looked in the early years of the Second World War, during the reign of King Michael. After the King's Coup, the date was changed. The M in the center of the cross was the cypher of the King at that time.
Awarded by The King of the Romanians
(1916 - 1947)
The President of Romania
(since 2000)
Type Military Award
Eligibility Military personnel on active service
Status Awarded only in time of war
Established 1916, re-instituted 2000
First awarded 1916
Last awarded 1944 and disbanded in 1947
Next (lower) Ordinul naţional "Steaua României"
Ribbon of the Order of Michael the Brave

The Order of Michael the Brave (Romanian: Ordinul Mihai Viteazul) is Romania's highest military decoration, instituted by King Ferdinand I during the early stages of the Romanian Campaign of the First World War, and was again awarded in the Second World War. The Order, which may be bestowed either on an individual or on a whole unit, was named in honor of Michael the Brave (Mihai Viteazul), a late 16th-century Prince of Wallachia, Transylvania, and Moldavia.


Requirements: Awarded to officers only for exceptional deeds on the battlefield. It is the highest ranking Romanian military order.
Classes: 3rd, 2nd and 1st
Date Instituted: September 26, 1916
Number awarded: 2184
During WW1:
1st class: 16
2nd class: 12
3rd class: 336 (of which 43 awarded to military units)
During WW2:
1st class: 15
2nd class: 76 (of which 13 awarded to military units)
3rd class: 1628 (of which 118 awarded to military units)


Obverse of the modern (2000) third class order

During the Second World War, at a time when Romania was allied with Germany, the Order was awarded to several members of the military forces of other Axis Powers, many in the Wehrmacht:

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