Order of precedence in the Catholic Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The order of precedence in the Catholic Church is contingent upon the organization of the hierarchy, including both the Hierarchy of Order and the Hierarchy of Jurisdiction, as well as various honorary titles.

This article gives the order in force in 1911, as indicated in that volume of the Catholic Encyclopedia, with which is mixed in other material for which no evidence is provided. The order of precedence was actually not of the Catholic Church but really of the Papal Court.[citation needed] Nevertheless, it is generally followed throughout the Catholic Church. Cardinals and Nuncios have higher status not based on their ecclesiastical status but under international protocol as princes and ambassadors, respectively. For the same reason, the Grand Master of the Knights of Malta ranks immediately below the cardinals.

Order of precedence[edit]

Prelates[edit]

In this group, priority of ordination and promotion determines precedence, among bishops or archbishops the date of their first promotion to the episcopal or archiepiscopal dignity.

The Pope
Cardinals[1]
Cardinal-Bishops
Dean of the Sacred College
Vice-Dean of the Sacred College
Other Cardinal-Bishops of Suburbicarian Sees (by date of elevation)
patriarchal Cardinal-Bishops
Cardinal-presbyters (by date of elevation, and then by order of listing in the consistory)
Cardinal Protopresbyter
Other Cardinal-Presbyters
Cardinal-Deacons (by date of elevation, and then by order of listing in the consistory)
Cardinal Protodeacon
Other Cardinal-Deacons
Patriarchs[1]
Major patriarchal sees by Pentarchy order. For those of the same See then they used the date of Preconization[2]
3. Patriarch of Alexandria
The Coptic Patriarch of Alexandria and
The Melkite Greek Patriarch of Antioch, of Alexandria and Jerusalem Ad honorem
4. Patriarchs of Antioch
The Maronite Patriarch of Antioch
The Syrian Patriarch of Antioch
5. Patriarchs of Jerusalem
The Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
Minor patriarchal sees[2]
The Chaldean Patriarch of Babylonia
The Armenian Patriarch of Cilicia[2]
The Latin Patriarch of Venice
The Latin Patriarch of the West Indies (vacant since 1963)
The Latin Patriarch of Lisbon
The Latin Patriarch of the East Indies[2]
Major Archbishops[3]
The Major Archbishop of Kiev–Galicia (Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church)
The Major Archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly (Syro-Malabar Church)
The Major Archbishop of Trivandrum (Syro-Malankara Catholic Church)
The Major Archbishop of Făgăraş and Alba Julia (Romanian Greek Catholic Church)
Apostolic Nuncio of the country
Primates or Presidents of the National Conference of Bishops -- Archbishop of Baltimore has right of precedence in the United States[1]
Metropolitan Archbishops[1]
Host Diocesan Bishop[1]
Archbishops[1]
Coadjutor Archbishops
Titular Archbishops
Bishops
Diocesan Bishops
exempt
suffragan[1]
Coadjutor Bishops
Titular Bishops (includes auxiliaries, curia staff, and diplomats)[1]
Prelate nullius[1]
Abbot nullius
Vicar apostolic & Exarch apostolic
Prefect apostolic
Apostolic administrator
Prelate of Personal prelature

Clergy[edit]

Secular clergy (according to the importance of their office or the date of their ordination )[1]

Priest administrators /vicar capitular
Vicars General or Archdeacons
Vicars episcopal
Protonotary apostolic (Monsignor)
De Numero
Supranumerary
Honorary Prelates of His Holiness (Monsignor)
Chaplains of His Holiness (Monsignor)
chapters
Metropolitan
cathedral
collegiate[1]
Vicars forane, Deans, Archpriests and Diocesan Consultors
Pastors
Parochial vicars[4]
religious institute[1]
clerics regular
monastic orders
mendicant orders[1]
Permanent deacons
Transitional deacons

Ministries[edit]

At times called minor orders, the following are not clergy in the Catholic Church but nevertheless exercise approved ministry and offices.

Acolytes
Lectors

Religious institutes[edit]

Chapters[edit]

Precedence with chapters:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Wikisource-logo.svg "Precedence". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 
  2. ^ a b c d Wikisource-logo.svg "Patriarch and Patriarchate". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 
  3. ^ "Major Archbishops". Catholic Dioceses of the World. GCatholic.org. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Hierarchy". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 
  5. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Religious Life". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 
  6. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg "Chapter". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.