Order of Prince Henry

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Order of Prince Henry
Ordem do Infante Dom Henrique
Ordem do Infante D. Henrique.jpg
Insignia of the order
Awarded by Flag of Portugal.svg Portuguese Republic
Type Order
Motto TALENT De BIEN FAIRE
Eligibility Portuguese and foreigners; military and civilian
Awarded for exceptional and outstanding merit for Portugal and its culture
Sovereign President Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Grand Collar
Grand Cross
Grand Officer
Commander
Officer
Knight
Established 1960
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of Saint James of the Sword
Next (lower) Order of Liberty
PRT Order of Prince Henry - Knight BAR.png
Ribbon of the Order of Prince Henry

The Order of Prince Henry the Navigator (Portuguese: Ordem do Infante Dom Henrique) is a Portuguese National Order of Knighthood created on June 2, 1960, to commemorate the quincentenary of the death of the Infante Henry the Navigator (known in Portuguese as Henrique), fifth son of King John I of Portugal and his queen, Philippa of Lancaster. Minor reforms of the constitution of the Order occurred in 1962 and 1980.[1]

It is a five-tier order, whose titles are awarded for relevant services to Portugal and for services in the expansion of the Portuguese culture, its history and its values (with a particular focus on its maritime history). The number of members in each grade is restricted by its constitution, and titles are attributed by special decree by the Grand Master of the Order, i.e., the President of the Republic of Portugal.

Grades[edit]

The order includes several classes; in decreasing order of seniority, these are:

  • Grand Collar (Grande Colar - GColIH)
  • PRT Order of Prince Henry - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross (Grã-Cruz - GCIH)
  • PRT Order of Prince Henry - Grand Officer BAR.png Grand Officer (Grande-Oficial - GOIH)
  • PRT Order of Prince Henry - Commander BAR.png Commander (Comendador - ComIH)
  • PRT Order of Prince Henry - Officer BAR.png Officer (Oficial - OIH)
  • PRT Order of Prince Henry - Knight BAR.png Knight / Dame (Cavaleiro / Dama - CavIH / DamIH)

There is also a Silver Medal (Medalha de Prata - MedPIH) and a Gold Medal (Medalha de Ouro - MedOIH).

Ribbons and medals are characterized by equal stripes of blue, white and black (either horizontal or vertical) and a ruby-enameled golden cross pattée. The stars of Grand Officer and Grand Cross bear the inscription "Talant de bien faire".

Membership to the Order is conferred by the President, either on his own initiative, upon the recommendation of his Ministers or following nomination by the Council of the Order.

Grand Collars of the Order as of December 2013[edit]

Name Occupation or title Date
Juscelino Kubitschek President of Brazil October 20, 1960
Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco President of Brazil July 21, 1965
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Shah of Iran July 27, 1967
Anastasio Somoza Debayle President of Nicaragua February 19, 1968
António de Oliveira Salazar Ex-Prime Minister of Portugal April 10, 1968
Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh May 31, 1973
Elena Ceaușescu First Lady of Socialist Republic of Romania June 12, 1975
Edward Gierek First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party March 13, 1976
Henryk Jabłoński Chairman of the Council of State of the People's Republic of Poland March 13, 1976
Piotr Jaroszewicz Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Poland March 13, 1976
Josip Broz Tito President of Yugoslavia April 2, 1978
Juan Carlos I King of Spain April 17, 1978
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing President of the French Republic October 21, 1978
Ernesto Geisel President of Brazil February 13, 1979
Pál Losonczi Chairman of the Hungarian Presidential Council August 14, 1979
Todor Zhivkov Chairman of the State Council of Bulgaria August 21, 1979
Baudouin King of the Belgians August 24, 1982
Samora Moisés Machel President of Mozambique August 30, 1982
Hosni Mubarak President of the Arab Republic of Egypt August 19, 1983
Angelo de Mojana di Cologna Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller September 2, 1983
François Mitterrand President of the French Republic September 29, 1983
Rudolf Kirchschläger President of Austria April 18, 1984
Margarethe II Queen of Denmark June 20, 1984
Denis Sassou Nguesso President of the Republic of the Congo November 24, 1984
Mobutu Sese Seko President of Zaire December 12, 1984
Jean Grand Duke of Luxembourg January 29, 1985
Aristides Pereira President of the Republic of Cape Verde January 31, 1986
Manuel Pinto da Costa President of São Tomé and Príncipe January 31, 1986
Carl XVI Gustaf King of Sweden January 13, 1987
Jaime Lusinchi President of Venezuela January 21, 1987
José Eduardo dos Santos President of Angola January 25, 1988
Virgilio Barco Vargas President of Colombia February 4, 1989
Richard von Weizsäcker President of Germany June 19, 1989
Rodrigo Borja Cevallos Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller March 22, 1990
Andrew Bertie President of Ecuador March 22, 1990
Francesco Cossiga President of Italy March 22, 1990
Joaquim Alberto Chissano President of Mozambique April 9, 1990
Christos Sartzetakis Ex-President of Greece November 12, 1990
Brunó Ferenc Straub President of Hungary November 12, 1990
Beatrix Queen of the Netherlands May 14, 1991
Mauno Henrik Koivisto President of Finland April 22, 1992
Hassan II King of Morocco March 26, 1993
Dawda Jawara President of the Gambia October 4, 1993
Lech Wałęsa President of the Republic of Poland October 18, 1994
Nelson Mandela President of South Africa November 20, 1995
Juan Carlos Wasmosy President of Paraguay December 17, 1995
Aleksander Kwaśniewski President of Poland September 2, 1997
Rafael Caldera President of Venezuela October 17, 1997
Leonid Kuchma President of Ukraine April 16, 1998
Akihito Emperor of Japan May 12, 1998
Roman Herzog President of Germany August 13, 1998
Ernesto Zedillo President of Mexico September 30, 1998
Jacques Chirac President of the Republic of France February 4, 1999
Constantinos Stephanopoulos President of Greece December 13, 1999
Albert II King of the Belgians December 13, 1999
Fernando Henrique Cardoso President of Brazil March 14, 2000
Emil Constantinescu President of Romania March 15, 2000
Milan Kučan President of Slovenia March 29, 2000
António Mascarenhas Monteiro President of Cape Verde June 8, 2000
Ricardo Lagos President of Chile September 26, 2001
Hugo Chávez President of Venezuela November 8, 2001
Fernando de la Rúa President of Argentina November 14, 2001
Omar Bongo President of Gabon December 17, 2001
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi President of Italy January 3, 2002
Alpha Oumar Konaré President of Mali February 27, 2002
Pedro Pires President of Cape Verde April 22, 2002
Thomas Klestil President of Austria August 19, 2002
Georgi Parvanov President of Bulgaria October 7, 2002
Ferenc Mádl President of Hungary October 7, 2002
Tarja Halonen President of Finland October 24, 2002
Abdelaziz Bouteflika President of Algeria January 14, 2003
Rolandas Paksas President of Lithuania May 29, 2003
Arnold Rüütel President of Estonia May 29, 2003
Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga President of Latvia May 29, 2003
Harald V King of Norway February 13, 2004
Heinz Fischer President of Austria January 31, 2005
Henri Grand Duke of Luxembourg May 6, 2005
Nicanor Duarte President of Paraguay September 21, 2005
Xanana Gusmão President of East Timor February 14, 2006
Valdas Adamkus President of Lithuania May 31, 2007
Michelle Bachelet President of Chile November 7, 2007
José Ramos-Horta President of East Timor November 13, 2007
Abdullah II ibn al-Hussein King of Jordan March 5, 2008
Lech Kaczyński President of Poland September 1, 2008
Edward Fenech Adami President of Malta December 11, 2008
Horst Köhler President of Germany March 2, 2009
Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani Emir of Qatar April 20, 2009
Abdullah Gül President of the Republic of Turkey May 10, 2009
Bronisław Komorowski President of Poland April 19, 2012
Taur Matan Ruak elected President of East Timor May 10, 2012
Jorge Carlos Fonseca President of Cape Verde June 11, 2012
Juan Manuel Santos President of Colombia November 14, 2012
Ollanta Humala President of Peru November 19, 2012
Ricardo Martinelli President of Panama July 29, 2013
Enrique Peña Nieto President of Mexico June 5, 2014

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordem do Infante D. Henrique | Ordens Nacionais | Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas

External links[edit]