Order of Sikatuna
|Order of Sikatuna|
|Awarded by Philippines|
|Awarded for||individuals who have rendered exceptional and meritorious services to the Republic of the Philippines, upon diplomats, officials and nationals of foreign states who have rendered conspicuous services in fostering, developing and strengthening relations between their country and the Philippines|
|Sovereign||President of the Philippines|
|Grades (w/ post-nominals)||Grand Collar
|Established||27 February 1953|
|Next (higher)||Quezon Service Cross|
|Next (lower)||Order of Gabriela Silang|
|Related||Order of Lakandula
Philippine Legion of Honor
|Ribbon bar of the order|
The Order of Sikatuna (Filipino: Orden ni Sikatuna) is the national order of diplomatic merit of the Republic of the Philippines. It is conferred upon individuals who have rendered exceptional and meritorious services to the Republic of the Philippines, upon diplomats, officials and nationals of foreign states who have rendered conspicuous services in fostering, developing and strengthening relations between their country and the Philippines, or upon personnel of the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), both in the Home Office and in the Foreign Service.
It was created by Executive Order No. 571 signed by Pres. Elpidio Quirino on 27 February 1953. Section 2 of the E0 states, “The Order of Sikatuna...commemorates the first treaty (Pacto de Sangre) between the Philippines and a foreign country...” In the Quirino order, the Order of Sikatuna commemorates the pacto de sangre or blood compact, more popularly known as sandugo. This was, according to the Executive Order, the first international treaty of friendship between Bohol native chieftain, Datu Sikatuna and Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi, between a Filipino and Spaniard. Lately, however, the Executive Order's premise has been put to question. The event was not the first blood compact since the first recorded happened 44 years before between Ferdinand Magellan, representing the Spanish crown, and raia Siaiu, king of the island-port of Mazaua. Magellan called the ceremony "casi casi", a Malayan term meaning "to be one and the same thing" or to be blood brothers. At the same time the first recorded Treaty of Peace was entered into on Tuesday, April 9, 1521 by datu Humabon of Cebu and Magellan.
The Order of Sikatuna as already pointed out was established by President Elpidio Quirino as the "Order of Sikatuna" through Executive Order No. 571 dated February 27, 1953. Its original four-class composition was expanded by Presidents Diosdado Macapagal and Ferdinand E. Marcos. In 2003, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo reformed the Philippine system of orders, medals, and decorations, through Executive Order No. 236, known as the Honors Code of the Philippines which codified the civilian orders, decorations and medals of the Republic of the Philippines. Among its provisions was one renaming the order as simply, "The Order of Sikatuna," and clarifying its protocular standing.
Malacanang and the National Historical Institute have been notified of the historical infirmity behind the award. Instead of scrapping it, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo even added new ranks.
|Order of Sikatuna Ribbon Bars|
- Grand Collar (Raja) – Conferred upon a former or incumbent Head of State and/or of government
- Grand Cross (Datu) – The Grand Cross shall have two (2) distinctions: (i) Gold (Katangiang Ginto) and (ii) Silver (Katangiang Pilak). The Grand Cross may be conferred upon a Crown Prince, Vice President, Senate President, Speaker of the House, Chief Justice or the equivalent, foreign minister or other official of cabinet rank, Ambassador, Undersecretary, Assistant Secretary, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing
- Grand Officer (Maringal na Lakan) – Conferred upon a Chargé d'affaires, e.p., Minister, Minister Counselor, Consul General heading a consular post, Executive Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing
- Commander (Lakan) – Conferred upon a Chargé d'affaires a.i., Counselor, First Secretary, Consul General in the consular section of an Embassy, Consular officer with a personal rank higher than Second Secretary, Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing
- Officer (Maginoo) – Conferred upon a Second Secretary, Consul, Assistant Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing
- Member (Maharlika) – Conferred upon a Third Secretary, Vice Consul, Attaché, Principal Assistant, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing
- Robert Gerard Brinks - Former Kingdom of The Netherlands Ambassador, rank of Datu
- Wu Hongbo - former Chinese ambassador, Rank of Datu (Grand Cross)
- Aftab Ahmad Khan - Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Pakistan for services rendered in the freeing of two hostages in 1986
- Graeme Matheson - former New Zealand Ambassador to the Philippines, with the rank of Datu
- Francis J. Ricciardone, Jr. - former United States Ambassador to the Philippines
- Jerril Santos - Philippine ambassador to Vietnam, with the rank of Datu
- Iskandar Bin Sarudin - former Malaysian Ambassador to the Philippines, Rank of Datu
- Joao Jose Gomes Caetano da Silva - former Portuguese Ambassador to the Philippines, Rank of Datu
- Stanislav Slavicky - former Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Czech Republic
- U San Thein - former Myanmar Ambassador to the Philippines, Rank of Datu
- Christopher Thornley - former Canadian Ambassador to the Philippines, Rank of Datu.
- Harry K. Thomas Jr. - former United States Ambassador to the Philippines, Rank of Datu.
Heads of State
- Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia
- Syed Putra of Perlis - Yang di-Pertuan Agong III of Malaysia (1960 – 1965)
- Dwight D. Eisenhower - 34th President of the United States
- Bhumibol Adulyadej - also known as Rama IX, King Of Thailand
- King Mahendra of Nepal
- Jaime Cardinal Sin - Archbishop of Manila
- Manny Pacquiao -Filipino boxer
- Chuan Leekpai - Former Prime Minister of Thailand
- Mohammad Mohsin - former Bangladeshi Foreign Secretary, Rank of Datu
- Johannes de Kok - European Commission head of delegation, Rank of Grand Cross Datu (Gold Distinction)
- Rafael E. Seguis - Foreign Affairs Undersecretary for Special Concerns, Rank of Datu
- Tadao Chino - President, Asian Development Bank, Grand Cross
- Ban Ki Moon - Secretary-General of the United Nations (Korea)
- Hillary Rodham Clinton - US Secretary of State
- Jose T. Almonte - former National Security Advisor to President Fidel V. Ramos
- Daniel Inouye - United States Senator, rank of Datu
- George Yeo- Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Singapore, with rank of Datu
- EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 236 of September 19, 2003, ESTABLISHING THE HONORS CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES TO CREATE AN ORDER OF PRECEDENCE OF HONORS CONFERRED AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES .
- Manuel L. Quezon III. Medals Girondists off-duty rants
- Philippines Orders-Decorations-Medals
- Ribbons of the Philippines 1
- Ribbons of the Philippines 2
- History of Bohol www.bohol.gov.ph Retrieved 22 December 2006.
- The Philippines: The Ancient Order of Sikatuna www.medals.org.uk Retrieved 22 December 2006.
- Manuel L. Quezon III. Medals Girondists off-duty rants Retrieved 22 December 2006.
- "Aquino confers Order of Sikatuna on outgoing Ambassador of the Netherlands to the Philippines". Office of the President of the Philippines. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-29.
- PGMA confers Sikatuna award to Chinese convoy Gov.ph News Retrieved 22 December 2006
- Manuel L. Quezon III.Ricciardone moves on The Daily Dose Retrieved December 22, 2006.
- President Arroyo Confers Order of Sikatuna award on Ambassador Ricciardone Embassy of the United States in Manila. Retrieved 22 December 2006
- Phl ambassador to Vietnam leads 2012 Outstanding Fernandino honorees Philippine Information Agency, Central Luzon Region. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- PGMA confers Order of Sikatuna to outgoing Malaysia Ambassador Gov.ph News Retrieved 22 December 2006.
- PGAM confers Order of Sikatuna to outgoing Portuguese Ambassador Gov.ph News Retrieved 22 December 2006.
- PGMA confers order of Sikatuna on outgoing Czech Republic envoy Gov.ph News Retrieved 22 December 2006.
- Their Majesties Virtual Malaysia's Tribute to the 48th National Day Celebration Retrieved 23 December 2006.
- Philippine Diplomatic Visits
- PJEE's Speech at the Conferment of the Order of Sikatuna on Jaime Cardinal Sin www.opnet.ops.gov.ph Retrieved 22 December 2006.
- Pacquiao proves too classy, but Mexican foe displays grit The Manila Times Retrieved 22 December 2006.
- Philippines Confers Order of Sikatuna on Former Bangladesh Foreign Secretary Gov.ph News Retrieved 22 December 2006.
- PGMA confers Sikatuna Medal on EC official Positive News Media:Philippines Retrieved 23 December 2006.
- PGMA confers Order of Sikatuna on DFA official Positive News Media: Philippines Retrieved 23 December 2006.
- ADB President Chino Conferred the Philippines' Highest Honor Asian Development Bank Media Center. Retrieved 23 December 2006.
-  PGMA confers ‘Order of Sikatuna’ on UN Sec-Gen Ban Ki-Moon , 2008.
- Profile - Jose T. Almonte
- "FOR FIGHTING FOR FILIPINO VETERANS Order of Sikatuna conferred on US senator". INQUIRER.net. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
- Malacanang Photo Bureau http://www.pcoo.gov.ph/photos-jan2012/photo2-011812.htm