Order of Solomon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Order of Solomon
ETH Order of Solomon BAR.png
Ribband of the order
Award of Ethiopian Empire
Type Order presented to heads of state
Royal house House of Solomon
Religious affiliation Ethiopian Orthodox
Sovereign Emperor of Ethiopia
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Knight
Established 1874 as part of Order of the Seal of Solomon
1922 as a separate order
Precedence
Next (lower) Order of the Seal of Solomon
Haile Selassie I, Grand Cordon of the Order of Solomon

The Order of Solomon was an order of knighthood of the Ethiopian Empire.

The Solomonic dynasty, the ancient Imperial House of Ethiopia, claims descent from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, said to have given birth to King Menelik I after her visit to Solomon in Jerusalem.[1]

As the Empire's principal Order, it featured first in the long list of knightly titles of the last ruling Emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie, described as –

Germawi Kedamawi Haile Selassie I, King of Kings, Lord of Lords, Conquering Lion of Judah, Light of this World, Elect of God, Emperor of Ethiopia, Defender of the Faith, Grand Cordon of the Order of Solomon, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Solomon, Knight of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George...[2]

.

Recipients[edit]

Recipients include Queen Elizabeth II, Dwight D. Eisenhower, King Haakon VII and King Olav V of Norway, the Emperor Akihito of Japan, and the Emperor Amha Selassie, last titular Emperor of Ethiopia.

Insignia[edit]

When the Emperor Yohannes IV awarded the Order to Admiral Sir William Hewett, c. 1884, it was described as "a gold triangular medal with six precious stones".[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1 Kings 10:1-10
  2. ^ Ras Nathaniel, 50th Anniversary of His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie (Trafford Publishing, 2004, ISBN 1-4120-3702-6) p. 5 at books.google.com
  3. ^ Transafrican Journal of History (Makerere University Dept. of History, University of Nairobi Dept. of History, Chuo Kikuu cha Dar es Salaam Dept. of History East African Pub. House, 1986) p. 140