Order of Zhukov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Order of Zhukov
Order of Zhukov (2010).jpg
Order of Zhukov (Obverse)
Awarded by  Russian Federation
Type Single grade order
Eligibility Senior military officers
Awarded for Outstanding military leadership
Status Active
Statistics
Established May 9, 1994[1]
First awarded April 25, 1995[2]
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of Ushakov
Next (lower) Order of Kutuzov
Ribbon bar of Order of Zhukov.png
Ribbon of the Order of Zhukov
Original Order of Zhukov 1994 - 2010

The Order of Zhukov (Russian: Орден Жукова) is a military decoration of the Russian Federation. The order is named in honour of Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov (1896 - 1974).

History[edit]

The Order of Zhukov was established by Presidential Decree 930 of May 9, 1994.[1] Its statute was amended by Presidential Decree 243 of March 6, 1995.[3]

The original award was a 50 millimetres (2.0 in) wide gilt cross pattée, the four arms were enamelled in red with a gilt border with alternating raised and recessed rims giving the appearance of shields. At the center, a 24 millimetres (0.94 in) diameter blue enamelled medallion bearing the gold plated silver relief bust of Georgy Zhukov, below him, interlaced laurel and oak branches. Above the bust of Zhukov, the gilded inscription "ГЕОРГИЙ ЖУКОВ" (GEORGY ZHUKOV). Between the cross arms, embossed gilt rays protruding from the center outward forming a 45 millimetres (1.8 in) wide square with rounded corners. The reverse of the Order had a threaded stud with a nut to secure it to clothing. The Order of Zhukov was worn on the right side of the chest with other similar orders.[4]

New Statute[edit]

The entire Russian Federation award system was revamped by Presidential Decree 1099 of September 7, 2010.[5] This major rework included a redesign of the Order and amendments to its statute.

The Order of Zhukov is awarded to commanders of military units and their deputies from among the senior officers: for skilful organization of troops (forces) and operations in strategic areas (theatres), or military operations during which, despite the numerical superiority of the enemy, the objectives of the operation were met; for skilful manoeuvres on land and in the air to surround the enemy, enabling the defeat of superior forces; for initiative and determination in choosing a site and time of a main attack which led to the defeat of the enemy on land and/or in the air while maintaining the combat readiness and capability to further prosecute; for carrying out a defensive breakout from an enemy encirclement for a future offensive, for the organization, the prosecution, the choice of environment and the defeat of the enemy; for tenacity in repelling enemy attacks from the air, land and sea, for keeping enemy troops pinned down in designated areas of responsibility to create conditions favourable for seizing the initiative and depriving the enemy's ability to continue offensive operations; for skilful organization and management of units of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation stationed outside of the Russian Federation, for repelling an armed attack on them, as well as the protection of citizens of the Russian Federation from attack outside of the Russian Federation.[5]

The Order of Zhukov may be awarded to military units and formations involved in conducting operations on land and in the air, during which, despite the stubborn resistance of the enemy, the objectives of the operations were met with full operational capability of military units retained. May also be awarded to foreign citizens - soldiers of allied forces from among the senior officers who took part alongside soldiers of the Russian Federation, for organizing and conducting successful joint operations of allied troops (forces). The Order may be awarded posthumously.[5]

Award Description[edit]

The Order of Zhukov is a 40 millimetres (1.6 in) wide gilt cross pattée, the four arms are enamelled in red with a gilt border with alternating raised and recessed rims giving the appearance of shields. At the center, a blue enamelled medallion bearing the gold plated silver relief bust of Georgy Zhukov half turned to the right, below him, interlaced laurel and oak branches. Above the bust of Zhukov, the gilded inscription "ГЕОРГИЙ ЖУКОВ" (GEORGY ZHUKOV). Between the cross arms, embossed gilt rays protruding from the center outward forming a 35 millimetres (1.4 in) wide square with rounded corners. On the otherwise plain reverse, a raised letter "N" and a line for the award serial number.[6]

The Order is suspended by a ring through the award's suspension loop to a standard Russian pentagonal mount covered by a 24 millimetres (0.94 in) wide yellow silk moiré ribbon with three 4 millimetres (0.16 in) wide central stripes of white, blue and red.[6]

The Russian Federation order of precedence dictates that the Order of Zhukov is to be worn on the left side of the chest, and in the presence of other orders of the Russian Federation, is to be located immediately after the Order of Ushakov.[7]

Recipients (partial list)[edit]

Marshal of the Soviet Union Sergei Sokolov, a recipient of the Order of Zhukov

The following individuals were the original recipients during the first investiture ceremony of the Order of Zhukov in April 1995.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of May 9, 1994 No 930" (HTML) (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. December 15, 1999. Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of April 25, 1995 No 413" (HTML) (in Russian). Poisk-Zakona Legislation Russian Federation Information Portal. April 25, 1995. Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of March 6, 1995 No 243" (HTML) (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. December 15, 1999. Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  4. ^ "1995 Statute of the Order of Zhukov" (HTML) (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. December 15, 1999. Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of September 7, 2010 No 1099" (HTML) (in Russian). Russian Gazette. 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  6. ^ a b "2010 Statute of the Order of Zhukov" (HTML) (in Russian). Commission under the President of the Russian Federation on state awards. December 7, 2010. Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 16, 2011 No 1631" (HTML) (in Russian). Russian Gazette. December 16, 2011. Retrieved February 13, 2012. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]