Order of battle Defense of the Great Wall

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The following units and commanders fought in the Defense of the Great Wall of the Second Sino-Japanese War. List as of 20 March 1933.

China[edit]

Military Committee (Peking branch) - Chairman Chiang Kai-Shek, He Yingqin (deputy)

  • 1st Army Group - Commander in chief - Yu Xuezhong (defends Tianjin, Daigu and garrisons Tianjin-Pukou Railroad)
    • Chief staff officer Liu Zhonggan
    • 51st Army - Yu Xuezhong
      • 113th Division - Li Zhentang
      • 111th Division - Dong Yingbin
      • 114th Division - Chen Guanqun
      • 118th Division - Du Jiwu
      • 1st Cavalry Division - Zhang Chengde
  • 2nd Army Group - Commander in chief Shang Zhen(defense Luan River and the Lengkou Pass)
    • Chief staff officer - Lu Ji
    • 32nd Army - Shang Zhen
      • 139th Division - Huang Guanghua
      • 84th Division - Gao Guizi
      • 141st Division - Gao Hongwen
      • 142nd Division - Li Xingcun
      • 4th Cavalry Division - Guo Xipeng
    • 57th Army - He Zhuguo
      • 115th Division - Yao Dongfan
      • 109th Division - He Zhuguo
      • 120th Division - Chang Jingwu
      • 3rd Cavalry Division - Wang Jifeng
  • 3rd Army Group - Commander in chief Song Zheyuan(defense of the Xifengkou Pass )
    • Vice-commander in chief - Pang Bingxun Qin Dechun
    • Chief staff officer - Zhang Weifan
    • 29th Army - Song Zheyuan
      • 37th Division - Feng Zhian
      • 38th Division - Zhang Zizhong
      • 2nd Temporary Division - Liu Ruming
    • 40th Army - Pang Bingxun
      • 5th Cavalry Division - Li Fu
      • 115th Brigade - Liu Shirong
      • 116th Brigade - Chen Chunrong
  • 4th Army Group - Commander in chief Wan Fulin(assists the 57th Army with three Divisions to defend the Lengkou pass)
    • Chief staff officer - Wang Jingru
    • 53rd Army - Wan Fulin
      • 108th Division - Yang Zhengzhi
      • 10th Division - Shen Ke
      • 106th Division - Shen gram
      • 116th Division - Miao Chengliu
      • 119th Division - Sun Dequan
      • 129th Division - Wang Yongsheng
      • 130th Division - Zhu Hongxun, Yu Zhaolin
      • 2nd Cavalry Division - Huang Xiansheng
  • 8th Army Group - Commander in chief Yang Jie (defense of the Gubeikou pass)
    • 17th Army - Xu Tingyao
      • 2nd Division - Huang Jieyan
      • 25th Division - Guan Linzheng
      • 1st Cavalry Brigade - Li Jiading
    • 67th Army - Wang Yizhe (defense of the Gubeikou pass)
      • 107th Division - Zhang Zhengfang
      • 110th Division - He Lizhong
      • 112th Division - Zhang Tingshu
      • 117th Division - Weng Zhaoyuan
    • 26th Army - Xiaozhi Chu
      • 44th Division Commander Xiaozhi Chu (concurrently)
      • Preparation Regiment (Turned over to the Peking branch of the Military Committee to direct)
    • 41st Army - Sun Kuiyuan
      • 117th Brigade - Ding Ting
      • 118th Brigade - Liu Yueting
      • Reinforced 1st Brigade - Xing Yuchou
    • 105th Division - Liu Duoquan
    • 6th Cavalry Division - Bai Fengxiang
    • 83rd Division - Liu Kan
  • 5th Army Group - Commander in chief Tang Yulin
    • Remnants of this defeated Army from Jehol had retreated into Chahar to the area of Dushikou and Luanping. It operated from Guyuan observing eastern border of Jehol.
  • 7th Army Group - Commander in chief Fu Zuoyi (defending eastern sector of the Great Wall line)
    • 59th Army - Fu Zuoyi (concurrently)
    • 61st Army - Li Fuying
    • 1st Cavalry Army - Zhao Chengshou
  • Also in Rehe there were Feng Zhanhai’s 63rd Army and other Manchurian Anti-Japanese Righteous and Brave Army units of Li Zhongyi, Deng Wen and others.

Later Reinforcements from Chiang Kai-shek to defend Peiking.

  • 87th Division
  • 88th Division
  • 42nd Division - Feng Qinzai

Notes[edit]

  • The Chinese forces defending the Great Wall consisted of 8 Army Groups composed of 14 Armies (including 1 Cavalry Army), 36 Divisions (6 were Cavalry Divisions), 19 brigades (8 of cavalry), and 3 artillery brigades. This force amounted to approximately 250,000 men.

Sources[edit]

  • [1] 中国抗日战争正面战场作战记 (China's Anti-Japanese War Combat Operations)
    • Author : Guo Rugui, editor-in-chief Huang Yuzhang
    • Press : Jiangsu People's Publishing House
    • Date published : 2005-7-1
    • ISBN 7-214-03034-9
    • 第二部分:从“九一八”事变到西安事变滦东战斗 3

See also[edit]