Orders, decorations, and medals of Hong Kong
The existing Hong Kong honours system was created after transfer of government of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China as a special administrative region in 1997. Before that, Hong Kong was a British dependent territory and followed the British honours system with the Order of the British Empire.
- 1 Types of awards
- 1.1 General Awards
- 1.2 Gallantry Awards
- 1.3 Disciplined Services and ICAC Awards
- 1.4 General Awards
- 2 Orders, decorations, and medals of Colonial Hong Kong
- 3 Order of precedence
- 4 Nomination and awarding
- 5 Justice of the peace
- 6 See also
- 7 Footnotes
- 8 External links
Types of awards
The Order of the Grand Bauhinia
The Grand Bauhinia Medal the highest award under the HKSAR honours and awards system, is to recognise the selected person's lifelong and highly significant contribution to the well-being of Hong Kong. The awardee is entitled to the postnominal letters GBM and the style The Honourable. (Bauhinia, Bauhinia blakeana, is the floral emblem of Hong Kong.)
The Order of the Bauhinia Star
The Gold Bauhinia Star (GBS) is awarded to eminent persons who have given very distinguished services to the community or who have rendered public or voluntary services of a very high degree of merit.
The Silver Bauhinia Star (SBS) is awarded to persons who have taken a leading part in public affairs and/or voluntary work over a long period of time.
The Bronze Bauhinia Star (BBS) is awarded to persons who have given outstanding service over a long period of time, but in a more limited field or way than that required for the Silver Bauhinia Star.
The Order of the Medal of Honour
The Medal of Honour (MH) is the basic award under the honours system and is awarded in recognition of community service in a district or in a particular field over a long period of time. It is also awarded to non-directorate civil servants who have served with distinction.
The Order of the Medal for Bravery
The Order of the Medal for Bravery is awarded for display of bravery in an incident. The Medal for Bravery (Gold) (MBG) is the highest in this order. There is also Medal for Bravery (Silver) (MBS) and Medal for Bravery (Bronze) (MBB).
The Medal for Bravery (Gold) (MBG) is awarded for acts of gallantry of the greatest possible heroism or of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme danger.
The Medal for Bravery (Silver) (MBS) is awarded for gallantry of an extremely high order.
The Medal for Bravery (Bronze) (MBB) is awarded for exemplary acts of gallantry of a lesser standard.
Disciplined Services and ICAC Awards
The Disciplined Services and ICAC Awards are awarded to officers of the 'disciplined formations' (similar to uniformed services elsewhere) and the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC). These awards replace the colonial awards issued before July 1997 that had profile of the reigning monarch and different ribbons.
There are three types of awards :
Distinguished Service Medals
- Hong Kong Police Medal for Distinguished Service (PDSM)
- Hong Kong Fire Services Medal for Distinguished Service (FSDSM)
- Hong Kong Immigration Service Medal for Distinguished Service (IDSM)
- Hong Kong Customs and Excise Medal for Distinguished Service (CDSM)
- Hong Kong Correctional Services Medal for Distinguished Service (CSDSM)
- Government Flying Service Medal for Distinguished Service (GDSM)
- Hong Kong ICAC Medal for Distinguished Service (IDS)
Meritorious Service Medals
- Hong Kong Police Medal for Meritorious Service (PMSM)
- Hong Kong Fire Services Medal for Meritorious Service (FSMSM)
- Hong Kong Immigration Service Medal for Meritorious Service (IMSM)
- Hong Kong Customs and Excise Medal for Meritorious Service (CMSM)
- Hong Kong Correctional Services Medal for Meritorious Service (CSMSM)
- Government Flying Service Medal for Meritorious Service (GMSM)
- Hong Kong ICAC Medal for Meritorious Service (IMS)
Long Service Medals and Clasps
- Hong Kong Police Long Service Medal and Clasps
- Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Long Service Medal and Clasps
- Hong Kong Fire Services Long Service Medal and Clasps
- Hong Kong Correctional Services Long Service Medal and Clasps
- Hong Kong Immigration Service Long Service Medal and Clasps
- Hong Kong Customs and Excise Long Service Medal and Clasps
- Hong Kong Auxiliary Medical Services Long Service and Clasps
- Civil Aid Service Long Service Medals and Clasps(Bronze, Silver, Gold and Platinum)
These awards consists of a frame certificate with the Emblem of Hong Kong, name of the award in English and Chinese, name of the recipient (Chinese or English) commending their extraordinary contribution to the community, government or public service:
- Chief Executive's Commendation for Community Service
- Chief Executive's Commendation for Government and Public Service
Orders, decorations, and medals of Colonial Hong Kong
List of awards available to people in Hong Kong prior to 30 June 1997:
- See Modern Honours from the United Kingdom
- See Chivalry orders from the United Kingdom
- Hong Kong Disciplined Services Medal - for long service and good conduct in the Disciplined Services from 1986-1997.
Recipients of Colonial Hong Kong Gallantry Awards
(Orders, Decorations and Medals conferred on Hong Kong residents or in respect of Hong Kong service up to 30 June 1996)
Victoria Cross (VC) John Robert Osborn 1941. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Robert_Osborn
George Cross (GC) Mateen Ahmed Ansari, Douglas Ford, John Alexander Fraser MC & Bar, Hector Bertram Gray AFM, Lanceray Arthur Newnham, Joseph Hughes 1946
Order of the British Empire (CBE) for Gallantry Alfred Creighton Collinson, Andrew Peffers OBE 1946,
Order of the British Empire (OBE) for Gallantry Osmonde Hedworth Farrar 1930, Lindsay Tasman Ride 1942, Keble Theodore Andrews-Levinge, Eustace Levett, John Herbert Price MC 1946,
Distinguished Service Order (DSO) Henry William Moncrieff Stewart OBE, MC, Wells Arnold Bishop, Ernest Hodkinson, Cecil Robert Templer, Evan George Stewart, Arthur John Dewar 1946
Order of the British Empire - (MBE) for Gallantry Sher Singh 1945, Victor Stanley Ebbage BEM, Hargraves Milne Howell, William Nichols, Harry Charles Spong, David Louis Strellett, Charles Gentry Turner, Feroze Khan 1946, Stanley Gordon Woods 1968, Frederick John Preston 1973
Indian Order of Merit (IOM) Ali Mohd, Phul Singh, Nawaz Khan, Lakhu Singh 1946
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) William Morley Wright 1942, John Christian Bolder DSC (Bar), Arthur Luard Pears, Bruce Graham Clarke 1946
Royal Red Cross - Member (RRC) Sister Mary Ann Lockerbie Currie nee Davies, Sister Margaret Anna North 1946
Military Cross (MC) E.W.M.L. Corbally, R.H.D. Scriven, Ivan Bernard Trevor 1942, David Ronald Holmes 1943, K.A. Munro, P. Steyn 1944, R.A.S. Lane, J.S. McKay 1945, James Allan Ford, Abdul Jabaar, Khan Sherrin, Martin Pryce Weedon, John Stanley Marcus Vintner, Robert Leslie Berridge, Caesar Edward Orway, David Pinkerton, Christopher Mark Maurice Man, Frederick Temple Atkinson, Uriah Laite, Robert William Philip, Thomas Alexander Blackwood, Collison Alexander Blaver, William Francis Nugent, Francis Gavan Power, Michael George Carruthers, B.C. Field, Ivor Phillip Tamworth, E.B. Teesdale, Mehr Khan, Shah Mohamed, Kampta Phasad, Haider Rehman Khan, David Clive Crosby Trench (Solomon Islands) 1946, G.D.M. Williams 1965
Air Force Cross (AFC) Danny Cheung Kwong 1965, Richard Paul Seymour 1973, Peter Stephen Boyland 1992, Christopher Jeremy Spencer Fynes, Steven Derek Murkin 1993
Royal Red Cross - Associate (ARRC) Sister Edith Butlin, Sister Gwendoline Colthorpe, Sister Edith Freda Davies, Sister Kathleen Georgina Christie, Sister Anna May Waters 1946
Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) Kishen Singh, Rur Singh 1917, M.J. Muldowney 1920, Colin Alden Standish, Derek Everard Rix, Arthur David Manning, Albert Edward Miller, Thomas F. Stainton, Charles Albert Clark, Ronald John Routledge 1946
George Medal (GM) N.G.A. Noble, Ian P. Hyde (Malaya), Cheung On 1947, Chau Fook, James Hidden 1952, LEUNG Yiu-tong 1953, P. Muskett 1958, William James Gorman 1960, Edward Louis Hanlon 1964, Choi Chor, James Hogg Bruce, John Caruth Gorman, Leung Shiu-kay 1973, Chiu Yiu-nam 1983, Ng Hung-shek 1994
King’s Police Medal for Gallantry (KPM) Timothy Murphy 1923; Kenneth Andrew 1928, Chan Ng, William McHardy, Christopher Pile, Tam Chung, Tang Ka, Gordon Taylor, Frederick Tucket 1939; Roland Henry John Brooks, David Loie Fook-wing, Duncan George MacPherson 1947; Harold Tiplady, Wong Wai Tsoi 1949
Queen's Police Medal for Gallantry (QPM) Cheng Kin Cheung 1955
Indian Distinguished Service Medal (IDSM) Amanat Ali 1946
Distinguished Service Medal (DSM) Bernard Charlie Lilley, Albert John White1946
Military Medal (MM) Ghulam Mohamad, Nihal Singh 1917, Lab Singh, Ghulam Hussain, Tika Khan 1918, A. Hutchins 1919; Lee Yiu Piu 1942, D.I. Bosanquet 1943, W.G. Poy, A.A. Iles, E.G. Jones 1944, Walter Ivan Cook, Charles Douglas Goddard, Arthur Philip Hoxby, Puran Singh, Resham Khan, Tularam Singh, Gordon Edward Williamson, Stanley Walter Wright, Emile Gregory Bernard, Seldon Grant Stoddard, Cecil Thomas Whalen, Murray Thomas Goodenough, Lionel Curtis Speller, Kenneth Stanley Cameron, Ronald Edward Atkinson, Meirion Price, John Leslie Varley, Ernest Irwin Bennett, William Henry Morris, Ban Tsan-chuen, H.V. Pearse, C.L. Salter, C.D. Walker, Victor White, W.D. Yee, Mohd Amir, Alfred Thomas Goschen Lloyd 1946, Chau Sik Wah 1952, Li Hon To, Lui Tong 1960. Further work required for 1946 MM: http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/37521/supplements/1672
Air Force Medal (AFM) Keith George Thomas Sturge 1992
Sea Gallantry Medal (SGM) (officially 'The Board of Trade Medal for Saving Life at Sea'), Silver JOHN CROPPER, Chief Officer,GEORGE REGINALD JENKINS, Third Officer, BOND HUGGINS, Apprentice, WON JAH, HONG KAM, LAM POW, and LEONG YOE, Seamen, of the ss Bowes Castle; THOMAS LLOYD WILLIAMS, Chief Officer,KENNETH HENRY STUART,Second Officer, HAROLD WAINRIGHT, GEORGE ARTHUR PARKER, STANLEY LEONARD GARRETT, JOHN EDWARD SNAITH, Apprentices, GE LING LOW, Quartermaster, SING YUNG SANG, Boatswain, CHING CHIN FONG, LIN AH YOK, LEE VAN CHAN, CHANG CHIN PAN, CHANG PAN FAH and YING AH PAN, Seamen of the ss Egremont Castle; A. LEXOW, Chief Officer,ROLF FREDERIK MOLTZAU, Second Officer, G. DAKSERHOFF, Third Officer, CHEE AH KUN, Boatswain's Mate, HAN FAT SANG, TSE TOR, and LIN CHANG CHIN, Quartermasters, fireman, and cabin boy who formed part of the boat's crew from the ss Hwah Ping all 1923; SO HAU, Fireman of ss Paul Beau of Hong Kong, 1925 (Source: http://www.searlecanada.org/hemy/SGM001.html)
Colonial Police Medal for Gallantry (CPM) Frederick Edward Evelyn Booker, Jack Cooper Fitz-Henry 1939, George Allan Rodney Wright-Nooth 1946, Roland Henry John Brooks, Charles William Brown, Chan Sang, Ho Yuk, Lok So, William Todd, Yan Fuk 1947, Chan Wing, Chiu Ho Ching, Li Fo 1948, Li Hon To, Lui Tong 1960, Wong Kai Wan 1962, Cheung Tin, William Roger Deane, John Henry Douglas Bell, Brian Gray Fender 1964, Cheng Yee Hung, Cheung Kwai Chau, Law Kim Chuen, Wu Yun Tsung 1966, Chiu Sau Sum, Trevor John Colley, Kwok Chung, David Pitt, Edward John Stevenson, Tang Wong Yau, Tsang Wing CPM (Bar) 1968, Cheung Tin Fat, Roberton James Patterson Burton, Kong Yuk Sut, Leung Kam Ming 1972, Choy Fut Po, Chiu Yiu Chip, Anthony Stuart Conway, Leslie Burton, Peter Michael Mullens, Lun Kam-yat, Luk Kai-lau, Ng Kam-hung, David Wilfred Frederick O’Brien, John Reid, Yau Shou Kit 1973, Chan Kam-ming, Lau Piu 1974
Queen’s Gallantry Medal (QGM) Yip Long-ping 1977, Ho Hing-chuen, Aimansing Limbu 1979, Chan Kwai-fai, Tung Chi-kan, Yeung Chun-hing 1980, Nicholas Alexander McQueen 1981, Lo Wai-shing 1982, Cheung Wai-leung , Chiu Shing Chau, Leung Siu-lin 1984, Timothy Martin Adamson, Michael John Lovatt 1986, Chiu Ka-ping 1987, LI Tam-shing, LUI Tak-wah 1989, CHAN Chi-choi, CHENG Kwok-wai 1991, Anthony Martin Leahy, Nicholas John Roberts , Tsang Hung-lit, Yeung Kwok-wing 1993, Nigel Mills Griffiths, Chan Lun-fat, Cheung Hin Yeung, Yeung Chi-fai 1995, Cheung Kwok Keung, Lee Man Ying, WPC Leung Lai Fun , Barry John Smith, Andrew Mark Steeple 1996, Jason Chan Siu Kei, Ma Hing Keung, Ma Ka Kuen 1997
British Empire Medal for Gallantry (BEM) Jalal Din, Mohammed Afsar 1946, Richard Malig, Emundo Da Silva, David John Leonard 1947, Peter Anderson 1955, Yu Kwong 1960, Tang Sai Bun, Bhimraj Rai 1962, Lee Nai Liang 1965, David Lawrence Birch, Anthony Charlwood 1968, Jack Cavie, Anthony Roger Prouse 1973
Mentions in Dispatches (MID) Charles Cranes, Albert Archibald Bennett, William Hook, William Barker Bradley, John Edward Dunderdale, James Forsyth Ross, Arthur Beresford Scott, Maurice D'Avignon, George Stuart MacDonnell, Kenneth Edward Porter, Charles John Sharp, Leslie Robert Stickles, James Murray Thom, Charles Watson, John Joseph Fitzpatrick, Edwin Harrison, Lorne Rayburn Latimer, Ernest Charles McFarland, George William McRae, Sydney Albert Sheffer, Edwin George Smith, Frank Brown, Bernard Castonguay, Robert Damant, Morgan Isaac Davies, Aubery Peacock Flegg, Nelson Carlisle Galbraith, Norman Charles Matthews, Lloyd Logan Roblee, James Austen Wallace, Ellis Taylor Edge 1946. Further work required for 1946 Posthumous MID and MID: http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/37636/start=1 and http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/37521/supplements/1672 and http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/37704/supplements/4342
Queen’s Commendation for Brave Conduct (QCBC) Donald William Cuthbert, Robert Esson 1954, Lo Chow, James Steele 1955, Arthur Checksfield, Ronald Harry George McKinlay 1960, Wong Kam Wah 1962, Lau Cheung 1963, Choi Yuk Shu, Ng Wing Hang 1964, John Samuel Barker, Peter Christopher Bickmore, Francis Michael Digby Hoyal, Douglas Ralph Humphrey, Mark Gregory Richie, Dunraj Rai, Lakhdham Rai 1968, Terrance Arthur Berrecloth, Chan Shing-tak, Chan Shing-yuk, Cheung Shu-sing, Trevor George Collins, Hung Sui-to, Paul Kennedy, Kong Kin, Leung Shing-chau, Li Chuen, Liu Chiu-kwan, Lo Shiu-kuen, John Dominic Moran, Pun Wai-cheung, Guy Sanderson Shirra, Tam Wai-hung, Tsui Hin-kwing, Wong Shiu-hung 1973, Yip Kai 1976, Lam Sai-kit, Lo Wing-tai, Lo Yin-hok, Miu Wa-keung 1977, Cheung Ching, Chu Yung San, Jiwanprassad Gurung, Li Wai-leung, Ng Choi-leung 1978, Chau Kwong-tak, Ng Chung-hung, Dalbahadur Rai, Tang Kwok-fung, To Kwok-chiu 1979, Leung Kam-chu, Tsui Pui-ling 1980, Chan Shiu-fai 1981, Mohamad Aslam, Wong Chun-fai 1982, Chan Chung-hing, Ko Wing-wah, Robert Ying Ka Wong 1983, Chiu Kwok-yin, Li Kei-kit, Ma Shui-lun, Yan Ping-kuen 1984, Fu Siu-wing, Li Hoi-chin, Ng Kwan-wai 1986, Wong Kwai-leung 1989, Kam Man-wei, Wong Chi-hung 1990, Andrew Richard Harrison, Lam Kong, Christopher James O'Donnel, John Jamieson Oberg Stoddart, Tam Ting-kai, Tang Yau-keung 1992, Chau Ka-keung 1994
Queen’s Commendation for Valuable Service in the Air (QCVSA) Danny Cheung Kong AFC 1962, Argo Chow Chong Yan, Thomas Douglas Lewis, Ronald Percy Smith 1965, Paul Henry Rosentall 1983, Edward Ho Dick Sang, Ross Law Siu Hing, Frank James Pilkington, Elton Tang Sing Cheung, David Arthur Walmsley 1992, Richard Paul Cooke, Michael William Pedrick, Grant Robertson 1993, Raymong Chang Yao Teng, Jimmy Choi Chiu Ming, Michael Ellis, Mason Ng Wai Cheong, German Tsoi Tak Man 1994,
Queen’s Commendation for Bravery (QCB) Brian James Morris, Stephen John Rule, Wut Chi-wai 1995, Cham Wui-wai, Chan Chi-man, Hon Wing Sang 1996, Wu Wai Cham, Chow Hau Leung 1997
Queen’s Commendation for Bravery in the Air (QCBA) Raymond Chang Yao Teng 1996, Ronald So Chi Yip 1997
Order of precedence
The order of precedence is listed as follows in postnominals: GBM, GBS, MBG, SBS, MBS, BBS, MBB, MH, JP.
Nomination and awarding
The nomination is usually made by SAR Government departments, and evaluated by the Honours Committee. The annual Honours List is published in the Gazette of the SAR Government on the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day (1 July).
Justice of the peace
Justice of the Peace (太平紳士; JP) is a title of honour given by the Government to community leaders, and to certain officials while they are in their terms of offices. Official Justices of the Peace (官守太平紳士) is usually refer to those who is both a government official and a Justice of the Peace. The others may be referred as Non-Official Justice of the Peace (非官守太平紳士). For a person who is related to the New Territories, the Chief Secretary for Administration may appoint him/her as a New Territories Justice of the Peace (新界太平紳士).
Justices of the Peace have no judicial functions, and their main duties include visiting prisons, administering statutory declarations, to serve any advisory panels, and other functions appointed by the Chief Executive.
- List of people with Hong Kong SAR honours since 1997
- Other honours systems:
- Orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom: formerly granted in Hong Kong and ceased after 1997. Honour members can continue to carry the titles, but not officially recognised in Hong Kong by the government after 1997.
- Orders, decorations, and medals of Australia
- Hong Kong order of precedence
- Honours and Awards -- Protocol Division of the Hong Kong SAR
- Recipients of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Honours and Awards
- order of precedence in Hong Kong