Order of the Builders of People's Poland

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Order of the Builders of People's Poland
Order Budowniczych Polski Ludowej
Order Budowniczych Polski Ludowej 106251261zlc.jpg
Order of the Builders of People's Poland
Awarded by the People's Republic of Poland
Type State order
Awarded for "unique achievements in the task of building People's Poland"
Status No longer awarded
Statistics
Established 2 July 1949
Distinct
recipients
310 individuals
10 institutions
Precedence
Next (higher) None
Next (lower) Polonia Restituta
POL Order Budowniczych Polski Ludowej BAR.svg
Ribbon bar (1949–1960)
POL Order Budowniczych Polski Ludowej (1960) BAR.svg
Ribbon bar (1960–1990)

Order of the Builders of People's Poland (Polish: Order Budowniczych Polski Ludowej) was the highest[1][2] civil decoration of Poland in the times of the People's Republic of Poland.

History[edit]

The order was established by the Sejm on 2 July 1949 for "awarding unique achievements in the task of building People's Poland". It was designed by Michał Bylina and Wojciech Jastrzębski.

Unofficially, it replaced Poland's highest pre-war order, the Order of the White Eagle (the Order of the White Eagle was never officially disestablished, but it was not awarded in People's Poland).

The order was awarded by the president of Poland until the office was abolished in 1952; from then it was awarded by the Polish Council of State. It had only one class. A person decorated with the order had the title of a Builder of People's Poland (Budowniczy Polski Ludowej).

The order was awarded to many leaders of workship, notable party members (including military personnel) and others.

The Order was last awarded in 1985. Up to that time, about 310 individuals were awarded the Order, and 10 institutions (ex. Society of Fighters for Freedom and Democracy) and territorial units (cities and administrative entities - voivodeships, for instance). During the times of the People's Republic, 7 recipients had their orders revoked. It was officially disestablished 2 years after the People's Republic was replaced by the Third Republic

Eligibility criteria[edit]

The order could be awarded to Polish individuals, enterprises, and institutions that performed exceptional deeds in the fields of:

  • national economy, in particular through inventions, improving work organizations, and work inspiration and efficiency (see udarnik)
  • education, science, culture and art
  • national defense
  • health and sport
  • public service

Description[edit]

The Order has a golden rosette, 53 mm in diameter. The rosette has eight petals enameled with white (inner) and red (outer). Petals are separated by gold rays. In the center is a white-encircled blue medallion, which depicts a gold male figure carrying a hammer and a red banner. The reverse has a red enameled medallion with, in gold, the letters PRL, standing for Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa - People's Republic of Poland (orders awarded before the state's name changed in 1952 have the letters RP for Rzeczpospolita Polska).

The ribbon is 40 mm wide and is red-white-red with blue edges.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Polish) ORDER BUDOWNICZYCH POLSKI LUDOWEJ, Encyklopedia Internautica, retrieved on 20 November 2008
  2. ^ (Polish) Budowniczych Polski Ludowej, Order, Encyklopedia PWN, retrieved on 20 November 2008
This article incorporates information from the revision as of 20 November 2008 of the equivalent article on the Polish Wikipedia.

External links[edit]