Order of the Rising Sun
|Order of the Rising Sun
|1st Class Grand Cordon Order of the Rising Sun|
|Awarded by the Emperor of Japan|
|Awarded for||long and/or especially meritorious civil or military service|
|Sovereign||His Imperial Majesty The Emperor|
|Grades (w/ post-nominals)||1st through 8th Class|
|Established||10 April 1875|
|Next (higher)||Order of the Paulownia Flowers|
|Next (lower)||Order of the Sacred Treasure|
The Order of the Rising Sun (旭日章 Kyokujitsu-shō ) is a Japanese order, established in 1875 by Emperor Meiji of Japan. The Order was the first national decoration awarded by the Japanese Government, created on 10 April 1875 by decree of the Council of State. The badge features rays of sunlight from the rising sun. The design of the Rising Sun symbolizes energy as powerful as the rising sun in parallel with the "rising sun" concept of Japan ("Land of the Rising Sun").
The order is awarded to those who have made distinguished achievements in the following fields; international relations, promotion of Japanese culture, advancements in their field, development in welfare or preservation of the environment. Beginning in 2003 the highest ranking medal for the Order of the Rising Sun became a separate order known as Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers.
It is the third highest order bestowed by the Japanese government, however it is generally the highest order which can be given to a civilian. The Order of the Chrysanthemum which is the highest order in Japan has only been given to heads of state or royalty, while the second highest order, Order of the Paulownia Flowers is mostly reserved for politicians and military officers.
The modern version of this honor has been conferred on non-Japanese recipients beginning in 1981 (although several foreigners were given the honor before World War II); and women were awarded the Order starting in 2003 (previously, women were awarded the Order of the Precious Crown). The awarding of the Order is administered by the Decoration Bureau of Office of the Prime Minister. It is awarded in the name of the Emperor and can be awarded posthumously.
It can be awarded to Japanese as well as non-Japanese nationals.
The Order was awarded in nine classes until 2003, when the Grand Cordon with Paulownia Flowers was made a separate order, and the lowest two classes were abolished. Since then, it has been awarded in seven classes. Conventionally, a diploma is prepared to accompany the insignia of the order, and in some rare instances, the personal signature of the emperor will have been added. As an illustration of the wording of the text, a translation of a representative 1929 diploma says:
By the grace of Heaven, Emperor of Japan, seated on the throne occupied by the same dynasty from time immemorial,
We confer the Second Class of the Imperial Order of Meiji upon Henry Waters Taft, a citizen of the United States of America and a director of the Japan Society of New York, and invest him with the insignia of the same class of the Order of the Double Rays of the Rising Sun, in expression of the good will which we entertain towards him.In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hand and caused the Grand Seal of the Empire to be affixed at the Imperial Palace, Tokio, this thirteenth day of the fifth month of the fourth year of Shōwa, corresponding to the 2,589th year from the accession to the throne of Emperor Jimmu."
The star for the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers, Grand Cordon is the same as the badge, but without the paulownia leaves suspension. It is worn on the left chest.
The star for the First and Second Classes is an eight-pointed silver badge, bearing a central emblem identical to the 4th Class badge without the paulownia leaves suspension. It is worn on the left chest for the 1st Class, on the right chest for the 2nd Class.
The badge for the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers, Grand Cordon is a gilt cross with white enameled rays, bearing a central emblem of a red enameled sun disc surrounded by red rays, and with three paulownia blossoms between each arm of the cross. It is suspended from three enameled paulownia leaves on a sash in red with white border stripes, and is worn on the right shoulder.
The badge for the First to Sixth Classes is an eight-pointed badge, in gilt (1st-4th Classes), gilt and silver (5th Class), or silver (6th Class), with white enamelled rays, bearing a central red enamelled sun disc. It is suspended from three enamelled paulownia leaves (not chrysanthemum as the Decoration Bureau page claims) on a ribbon in white with red border stripes, worn as a sash on the right shoulder for the 1st Class, as a necklet for the 2nd and 3rd Classes, on the left chest for the 4th to 6th Classes (with a rosette for the 4th Class).
The badge for the Seventh and Eighth Classes consisted of a silver medal in the shape of three paulownia leaves, enamelled for the 7th Class and plain for the 8th Class. Both were suspended on a ribbon, again in white with red border stripes, and worn on the left chest. Both classes of the order were abolished in 2003.
Selected recipients 
1st Class, Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers, Grand Cordon 
In 2003, this highest grade of the Order was elevated, becoming the Order of the Paulownia Flowers. This high honor was conferred on the following people prior to 2003:
1st Class, Grand Cordon 
2nd Class, Gold and Silver Star 
3rd Class, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon 
4th Class, Gold Rays with Rosette 
5th Class, Gold and Silver Rays 
6th Class, Silver Rays 
7th Class, Green Paulownia Leaves Medal 
In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.
- Tetsuzō Iwamoto (August 1942)
8th Class, White Paulownia Leaves Medal 
In 2003, this grade of the Order was abolished.
Class unknown 
- Aung San (1915–1947)
- de Bary, William Theodore (1993)
- Burzagli, Ernesto (1873–1944)
- Craig, Albert M. (1988)
- Eichelberger, Robert Lawrence (1886–1961)
- Ellis, Alfred John (b. 1915), Honor awarded 1989
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- Józef Gieysztor
- Gibney, Frank B. (1976)
- Grondijs, Louis (1878–1961)
- Hosoya, Judayu (1840–1907)
- Ibrahim, Sultan of Johor (1873–1959)
- Knott, Cargill G. (1856–1922)
- Wiesław Kotański, 1986
- Kunz, George Frederick (1856–1932)
- Henryk Lipszyc, 1992
- Macrae, Norman, 1988
- Charles, Count of Limburg Stirum (1906–1989)
- McKenzie, Lionel W. (1995)
- Morrison, George F. (1867–1943)
- Musa Ghiatuddin Riayat Shah, Sultan of Selangor (1893–1955)
- Paine, Godfrey (1871–1932)
- Patrick, Hugh Talbot (1994)
- Pyle, Kenneth B. (1999)
- Raymond, Rossiter W. (1840-1918)
- Takamine Hideo (1854–1910)
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- Honor conferred 1963 -- Konrad Adenauer Stiftung: Biographie, Orden und Ehrenzeichen; Kyokujitsu-sho, Orden der Aufgehenden Sonne, 1. Klasse, Großkreuz (22 März 1960); Kyokujitsu Tokwa Daiju-sho (Orden der Aufgehenden Sonne mit Paulownia-Blüten ((2 Dezember 1963). (German)
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- Rutledge, Martha. (1979). "Barton, Sir Edmund (1849 - 1920)," Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, pp 194–200; Scaramouche. "Sir Edmund Barton"
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- First Hawaiian Bank Annual Report, page 15 "Bishop is later awarded the Grand Cordon of the Imperial First Order of the Rising Sun by Japanese Emperor Meiji" 
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- US Naval Historical Center: Biographies in Naval History, Arleigh Burke
- "Army chief of staff receives 'Order of the Rising Sun' decoration during Japan visit | Article | The United States Army". Army.mil. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
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- Mauritius Consulate, Malta: Anerood Jugnauth
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- Embassy of the Republic of Kenya in Japan: Wangari Maathai, 2009.
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- Lista wszystkich odznaczeń Józefa Piłsudskiego
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- NNDB: Order of the Rising Sun
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- Official US Army Register, published by US Army Adjutant General, 1962, page 53.
- "2,500 Bid Farewell to Booth", Pacific Stars and Stripes, February 9, 1961.
- "Meiji University". Meiji.ac.jp. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
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- "William Douglas Crowder". Navy.mil. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Periscope," Newsweek. December 20, 2004.
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- Honor awarded 1908 -- Crossroads: A Journal of Nagasaki History and Culture
- "Professor Donald Keene". The Donald Keene Center of Japanese Culture at Columbia University. Columbia University. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- Order Wschodzącego Słońca, Złota i Srebrna Gwiazda dla Prof. Michała Kleibera, prezesa PAN
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- "Tsung-Dao Lee's Home Page". Tdlee.ccast.ac.cn. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Honor awarded in July 1874 -- Charles LeGendre
- Honor awarded posthumously 1928 -- "Mikado Honors Dr. Noguchi, New York Times. June 2, 1928.
- "George R. Packard Faculty Page".
- Podsekretarz stanu ds. polityki pozaeuropejskiej i agendy demokratyzacyjnej - Jerzy Pomianowski
- Pinedo, Danielle. "Oer-Hollands; In Japan is Johannis de Rijke nog altijd een beroemdheid," NRC Handelsblad. January 13, 2000.
- "Russians Awarded Order of the Rising Sun in Japan". Russkiymir.ru. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Honor awarded 1907 -- Adler, Cyrus (1921). p. 14; Sakamoto, Pamela Rotner. (1998). Japanese Diplomats and Jewish Refugees, p. 17.
- Day, Peter. "British aviation pioneer was a spy for Japan," Telegraph (London). February 1, 2002.
- Phillips, Pearson. The Highland peer who prepared Japan for war The Sunday Telegraph, 6 Jan 2002
- "Guide to the Wendell M. Stanley papers, 1926-1972". Content.cdlib.org. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- Honor awarded 2003 -- Consulate-General of Japan in New York: "Government Of Japan To Honor Professor Michael Ira Sovern."
- "Patent of Decoration". Retrieved 2011-11-05.
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- Honor awarded 2007 -- Embassy of Japan in Singapore: "Conferment Ceremony for Mr. Philip Yeo, Chairman of SPRING Singapore."
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- Honor awarded 2011 -- Embassy of Japan in Finland
- "Taiwanese entrepreneurs to be decorated in Japan". The Central News Agency. April 29, 2012.
- Kedutaan Besar Jepang di Indonesia < 在インドネシア日本国大使館 > : http://www.id.emb-japan.go.jp/news12_08.html#1
- "2011 Spring Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Retrieved 2011-09-19.
- Harvard Gazette: Japanese government honors Professor Edwin A. Cranston. 14 May 2009.
- Peter Dysdale bio notes: 4th I-House Academy: "Japan and China: Toward Asia- Pacific Cooperation," International House of Japan. May 22, 2007.
- "Japan honors Clint Eastwood in spring decorations," Japan Today. April 29, 2008.
- Wybrane epizody w historii stosunków japońsko-polskich
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- Weatherhead East Asian Institute, The Reed; "Carol Gluck Receives Top Honors from the Japanese Government," Columbia News, October 6, 2006.
- Honor awarded in 1926 -- Adam Mathew web.
- "former Commissioner of the Netherlands Foreign Investment Agency and Advisor to the SieboldHuis". Nl.emb-japan.go.jp. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "Japanese Order for Missionary" (PDF). New York Times. March 15, 1905. p. 13. Retrieved 2009-07-25.
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- Honor awarded 1906 -- Perry, Warren. (1983). "Hoad, Sir John Charles (1856 - 1911)" in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 9.
- Embassy of Japan in Poland: Odznaczenie rządu japońskiego dla dr. hab. Romualda Huszczy, prof. UW, prof. UJ
- NNDB: Order of the Rising Sun; Kosho Kempo, Kano Jigoro
- Perera, Suharshi. "Woman: An icon in the literary world," Daily News (Sri Lanka). August 9, 2007.
- Embassy of Japan in the United States of America: Conferral of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon upon Dr. Stephen Ira Katz, Director of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
- "American Honored by the Japanese," The New York Times. October 22, 1899.
- "Pax Britannica (3rd Class)", Time, May 16, 1932.
- "Norman Macrae". telegraph.co.uk (London: The Telegraph). 2010-06-22. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- Honor awarded 1998 -- "McClellan Named Sterling Professor of Japanese," Yale Office of Public Affairs. February 3, 1999.
- L.K. Herbert-Gustar and P.A. Nott published a biography of Milne John Milne, Father of Modern Seismology in 1980 pp 120 ISBN 0-904404-34-X
- Paul Kabrna "John Milne - the Man who Mapped the Shaking Earth" ISBN 978-0-9555289-0-3 Published by Craven & Pendle Geological Society in March 2007.pp68
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- Kenrick, Vivienne. "Personality Profile: Ian Nish," Japan Times. September 18, 2004.
- "Dr Jerzy Nowacki uhonorowany japońskim orderem państwowym"
- Taiichi Ohno's Workplace Management, Jon Miller (trans.), Gemba Press 2007, p. xii
- Embassy of Japan in Italy
- Consulate General of Japan, Boston.[dead link]
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- "2008 Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
- "The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon" to Professor Jacob Raz, Embassy of Japan in Israel website.
- Embassy of Japan in the U.K.: Japanese Government honors Lord David Sydney Rowe-Beddoe," December 18, 2008.
- STEP Journal 18 (6): 6. June 2010 http://content.yudu.com/Library/A1o3qk/STEPJournalJune2010V/resources/index.htm
|url=missing title (help). Retrieved 1 April 2013.
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- Hermann, Evelyn (1996). Shinichi Suzuki: A Man and His Music. Alfred Music.
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- Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs: "2008 Spring Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals," p. 4.
- Biography of T. Wayland Vaughan
- Andrzej Wajda kawalerem Orderu Wschodzącego Słońca
- Embassy of Japan in Belgium: Decoration Awarding Ceremony of Prof. Dr. W.F. Vande Walle
- Embassy of Ireland in Japan: Irish Pianist decorated by the Government of Japan
- "Toshiko Akiyoshi". Berkeley Agency. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
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- Honor awarded 1909 -- "Receives Guests Attired in Kimono," The San Francisco Call. November 29, 1909. p. 22.
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- Odznaczenie rządu japońskiego dla pani Bogny Barbary Dziechciaruk-Maj, dyrektor Muzeum Sztuki i Techniki Japońskiej Manggha
- "Recent Awards," Florida International University, Asian Studies. April 29, 2007.
- Consulate General of Japan in New York, "Government of Japan to Honor Dr. Asao Hirano," 2001.
- "Alumni William (Miller Kisselman) Imbrie, D.D.". The Princeton Seminary Bulletin 23 (2): 572. 1929.
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- "Puppet animation producer dies". The Japan Times Online. The Japan Times. 28 August 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
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- "Włodzimierz Kwieciński odznaczony Orderem Wschodzącego Słońca, Złote Promienie z Rozetą"
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- "Mission Inn Hands on History, Frank A. Miller Order of the Rising Sun".
- "Conferral of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette upon Mr. Shiro Floyd Mori, National Executive Director Emeritus and former National President of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)". Embassy of Japan to the United States. 6 November 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
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- Honor awarded 1915 -- Kita, Atsushi. (2005). Dr. Noguchi's Journey: A Life of Medical Search and Discovery, p. 196.
- Autumn Conferment of Decorations on Foreign Nationals
- Honor awarded 1999 -- Whiting, David. "Obituary: Tatsuzo Shimaoka; Japanese potter steeped in folk traditions who became a cultural ambassador," The Guardian (Manchester). January 17, 2008.
- Anime News Network: "Frederik L. Schodt Wins The Order of the Rising Sun Award," April 29, 2009.
- Yoshimura, Toshio. (1981). George Shima, Potato King and Lover of Chinese Classics, p. 53.
- British Museum
- "George Takei, bio notes". Georgetakei.com. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
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- Honor conferred 1964 -- North Austin Tae Kwan Do: "Chronology of the Life of Morihei Ueshiba, Founder of Aikido."
- Honor awarded 1996 -- Columbia University, Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Faculty Profiles
- Sadao Watanabe official website: biography
- "British Judo Association". Britishjudo.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-11-05.
- "President and founder, Japan-America Society of New Hampshire and founder, Portsmouth Peace Treaty Forum".
- Founder of center for Japonology in Lithuania, first Japanese translator, Japanese teacher and popularizer of Japanese culture in Lithuania 
- Szyfrant, który sprawił cud
- Cordileone, Elvira. "Kenzo Mori: An impact on two shores," The Star (Toronto). January 22, 2007.
- Unpaginated editors' chronology appended to Kiyoshi Nishiyama, Shunkō shūshoku (春光秋色) / Seasonal Aspects of Japan (Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama, 1979) (Japanese)(English).
- Honor awarded 1983 -- "Origami artist of stunning originality who became an ambassador for Japanese culture and his art". The Times (London). March 30, 2005; Lister, David. "Obituary: Akira Yoshizawa; Japanese craftsman who singlehandedly revived the art of origami," The Guardian (Manchester). April 8, 2005.
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- Endo, Ellen (2012-11-05). "Mikwaya CEO Hashimoto Passes at 69". Rafu Shimpo. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
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- "Was a celebration (岸田益雄公式ページ - 祝賀会でした[[Category:Articles containing Japanese language text]])". Feb 11, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2013. Wikilink embedded in URL title (help)
- Honor awarded on 1971 -- Henshall, Mary. "Pioneer Portraits: Henry and Fumiko Fujii," Idaho Yesterdays., Spring, 1975, pp. 20–27; Washington State University Libraries: "Furthering friendship between Japan and the United States, April 1971"
- Ohio University Libraries. "Scholars and Librarians in East Asian Studies (North America) - William Theodore de Bary". Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- Honor awarded in 1906 -- "Cruiser 'Livia' in Kobe to Greet Italians," Osaka Mainichi. 28 July 1922.
- Craig, Albert M. (2010). The heritage of Japanese Civilization. Boston: Prentice Hall. pp. Author Bio. ISBN 0-13-600524-1.
- "Uncle Bob", Time, 10 September 1945.
- "A. John Ellis". Simon Fraser University.
- Arlington National Cemetery: Granville Roland Foretscue
- Jeszcze jeden globtroter?
- Cynthia Peters (4 April 2006). "Frank B. Gibney, 81, One of the Nation's Preeminent Experts on Asia and President of the Pacific Basin Institute at Pomona College, Has Died". Pomona College. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- Honor awarded 1891 -- Penicuik Community Development Trust (UK): Cargill Gilston Knott
- Profesor Wiesław Kotański (1915-2005) wybitny uczony, japonista, wychowawca pokoleń
- amb. Henryk LIPSZYC
- Macrae, Norman. (2000). John von Neumann: the Scientific Genius who Pioneered the Modern Computer, p. 406.
- Honor awarded 1918 -- RAF web page
- Honor awarded 1994 -- Weatherhead East Asian Institute, The Reed
- "Japan's emperor honors uw professor for his work". Seattle Post-Intelligencer (Seattle). 25 March 1999. pp. B2.
- Honor awarded 1874 -- "A Victory for the Chinese; Japanese Driven with Heavy Loss from Ping-yang," New York Times, 22 August 1894.
- Spotkanie z prof. Franciszkiem Ziejką
- Ozaki, Yukio. (2001). ''The Autobiography of Ozaki Yukio: The Struggle for Constitutional Government in Japan, p. 393.
- Peterson, James W., Barry C. Weaver and Michael A. Quigley. (2001). Orders and Medals of Japan and Associated States. San Ramon, California: Orders and Medals Society of America. ISBN 1-890974-09-9
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