Order of the Temple of the Rosy Cross
It was founded by leaders of the Theosophical Society including Annie Besant, Marie Russak and James Ingall Wedgwood in 1912. According to Gregory Tillett, in Charles Webster Leadbeater 1854-1934, both Russak and Wedgwood were mediums who purportedly communicated messages from the Masters during Temple meetings.(p574)[a] Russak's understudy in the Temple was Lady Emily Lutyens,(p574) the English representative of the Order of the Star in the East and editor of its journal, Herald of the Star, who was also in the society's esoteric section and "introduced wealthy converts" who financed the society.
According to The Vahan, the OTRC was dedicated "to the study of the Mysteries, Rosicrucian, Cabal, Astrology, Masonry, Symbolism, Christian Ceremonial, Mystic Traditions and Occults of the West". And it added that: "To confide in that such work serves as preliminary for the restoration of the missing Mysteries of Europe with the decadence of Rome".
Sophia informed that "The Council of the Order is composed by 12 Brothers deeply interested in all that refers to the Ceremonial Occultism and Archaic Mysteries, and that they hope to form a useful instrument, under the inspiration of the Master Rákóczi, to resuscitate the Old Mysteries and to prepare the arrival of the Master of the World". Apparently, Temple members used white tunics and they following the slogan Ora et Labora and met biweekly in "Oratory" and "Laboratory". In the oratory, the expounded and discussed on texts, philosophy and other. In the laboratory introspective works were only realized. After the dissolution, Russak entered the Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis (AMORC) and actively collaborated with Harvey Spencer Lewis in creating rituals for AMORC in California, by the mid-1910s.
Charles Webster Leadbeater disapproved of the Temple because he neither established nor controlled it, and mediums, other than Besant and Leadbeater, communicated messages from the Masters. He claimed that the rituals "produced 'adverse forces'" so Leadbeater unsuccessfully "tried to persuade" Lutyens "to have it reorganized along lines which he suggested." In 1914, Leadbeater communicated "a message from the Master ordering its dissolution."(p574)
Rays from the Rose Cross printed, in 1915, that there could be no connection between The Rosicrucian Fellowship and the OTRC, or any other Theosophical Society order because "the aim of The Theosophical Society and their subsidiary orders are diametrically opposed to The Rosicrucian Fellowship" which "espoused the Western Wisdom Religion" and believe in the "Western methods for Western people." The Rosicrucian Fellowship took the founding of the OTRC, by leaders of the Theosophical Society, as "an indication that they had seen the true Christ Light, in the West, and were preparing to emulate the 'Wise Men of the East' who traveled westward following the Christ Star to Bethlehem;" but were disappointed that the motive was "to enrich, not to supplant, its eastern aspects."
- Tillett, who interviewed some members, noted the small number of published references to the Temple; he commented that references "in Theosophical publications tend to be vague" while "those outside the TS tend to be inaccurate."(p1026)
- Tillett, Gregory J. (1986). Charles Webster Leadbeater 1854-1934: a biographical study (Ph.D.). Sydney: University of Sydney (published 2007). OCLC 220306221 – via Sydney Digital Theses.
- Ridley, Jane. "Lutyens, Lady Emily (1874–1964)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/50654. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- The Vahan. Apr 1912.
- Sophia. Jun 1912.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Heindel, Max, ed. (Dec 1915). "The Theosophical Temple of the Rosy Cross". Rays from the rose cross: a magazine of mystic light (Oceanside, CA: Rosicrucian Fellowship) 4 (2): 15–18. ISSN 0744-432X. Archived from the original on 2012-07-28. Retrieved 2014-04-24.