Order of the White Rose of Finland
|Order of the White Rose of Finland
Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta
Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland with Collar
|Awarded by Finland|
|Awarded for||Civil or military merit|
|Established||28 January 1919|
|Next (higher)||Order of the Cross of Liberty|
|Next (lower)||Order of the Lion of Finland|
Commander of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
The Order of the White Rose of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunta; Swedish: Finlands Vita Ros’ orden) is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty, and the Order of the Lion of Finland. The President of Finland is the Grand Master of all three orders. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland have a joint board.
The Order of the White Rose of Finland was established by Gustaf Mannerheim in his capacity as regent (temporary head of state) on January 28, 1919. The name comes from the nine roses argent in the coat of arms of Finland. The order's rules and regulations were confirmed on May 16, 1919, and its present rules date from June 1, 1940. The revised scale of ranks was confirmed most recently in 1985. The original decorations were designed by Akseli Gallen-Kallela. The swastikas of the collar was replaced by fir crosses in 1963, designed by heraldic artist Gustaf von Numers. The honour can be granted for military as well as civilian merit. The ribbon for all classes is ultramarine.
The President of Finland wears the Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland with Collar (a neck chain). The Collar is worn four centimetres from either side and hangs at equal distances at the front and back. To the Grand Cross, like also to the Commander marks is awarded with the Brisket Star.
The classes of the Order of the White Rose of Finland are:
- Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland with Collar
- Grand Cross of the White Rose of Finland
- First Class Commander of the White Rose of Finland
- Commander of the White Rose of Finland
- First Class Knight of the White Rose of Finland
- Knight of the White Rose of Finland
- Cross of Merit of the White Rose of Finland
- First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland with golden cross
- First Class Medal of the White Rose of Finland
- Medal of the White Rose of Finland
Generally the Grand Cross with Collar is awarded only to foreign heads of state, e.g. to Charles de Gaulle (1962) and Josip Broz Tito (1963). Prime Ministers of Finland customarily receive the Grand Cross. (Certain leftist politicians refused the cross or didn't wear it, and the transient term in office of Anneli Jäätteenmäki did not lead to the President awarding the cross.)
- Ernesto Burzagli, 1926.
- Edward Rydz-Śmigły
- Norman Cameron Moore, 1941
- Eduard Dietl, 1941
- Thomas Beecham, 1955
- John Fawcett, 1958
- Charles de Gaulle, 1962
- Josip Broz Tito, 1963
- Greta Kukkonen, 1967
- Anne, Princess Royal, 1969
- Arthur Lydiard, 1972
- Carl XVI Gustaf
- Leonid Brezhnev, 1976
- Olli Mannermaa, 1979
- Arthur J. Collingsworth, 1984
- Elwin Svenson, 2004
- James Cathey, 2007
- Jim Gilleran, 2008
- Managing Director - Finnforest USA on 2008 September 12.
- Professor, Director - GAP, UCLA Anderson School of Management; as a First Class Knight, on December 09, 2011 "in recognition of his efforts, through the GAP program, to help Finnish technology companies expand into markets abroad, including the United States" and their advancement "further in corporate development."
- Grand Cross with collar, jewels and swords was awarded only once, to Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim 4 June 1944.
- Grand Cross with jewels, to three Finns: Senator Otto Stenroth 1938, Foreign Minister Carl Enckell 1946 and Jean Sibelius 1950.
- Grand Cross with swords has been awarded to three Finnish Lieutenant Generals: Hjalmar Siilasvuo, Edvard Hanell and Aksel Airo. The decoration has also been awarded to a number of foreign high officers, such as the German Colonel General Eduard Dietl.
- Order of White Rose of Finland: diploma
- For services to the Finnish Government as Naval Adviser 1934-39
- Lucas, John (2008). Thomas Beecham : an obsession with music. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell. p. 330. ISBN 1843834022.
- For services to Finland, acting as manager Finnish Athletics Team Melbourne Centenary Games 1935 and Olympic Attache for Finland at Melbourne Olympic Games 1958
- Carrillo, Sandybeth, "Vice chancellor emeritus receives recognition overseas: Finland awards Svenson for work with international Anderson program", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2005 January 10.
- Bensley, Lucas, "From 'professor' to knighted 'sir': Finnish government honors Bob Foster for his work with country's technological companies", Daily Bruin, UCLA, 2012 January 12, pp. 1 & 4.
- Press release, UCLA Anderson School of Management, 2011 December 20.
- Juha E. Tetri (2003). Kunniamerkkikirja (in Finnish) (3. täyd. p. ed.). Ajatus. p. 52. ISBN 978-951-20-6404-5.
- Pictures of decorations
- The Office of the President of the Republic of Finland: Order of the White Rose of Finland
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