Order of the Yugoslav Star

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Order of the Yugoslav Star
Award of  Yugoslavia and  Serbia and Montenegro
Type National order of merit in 4 Classes
Ribbon Order of the Yugoslavian Great Star Rib.png
Awarded for Development and strengthening of peace and cooperation between nations
Established 1 February 1954
Precedence
Next (higher) no (1954-1992)
Order of Yugoslavia (1998-2006)
Next (lower) Order of Freedom

Order of the Yugoslav Star (Serbo-Croatian: Orden jugoslavenske zvijezde or Orden jugoslovenske zvezde, Slovene: Red jugoslovanske zvezde; Macedonian: Орден југословенска ѕвезда) was the highest National order of merit awarded in Yugoslavia.[1] It was divided into four classes. The highest class, the Yugoslav Great Star was the highest state decoration awarded in Yugoslavia. The order was mostly awarded to foreign heads of state for the development and strengthening of peace and cooperation between nations.

The Order of the Yugoslav Star was also the second highest order of merit in Serbia and Montenegro.

History[edit]

Order of the Yugoslav Star was founded by the President of Yugoslavia Josip Broz Tito on 1 February 1954 and had three Classes.[2] Law on Decorations was amended on 1 March 1961, so from then on, the Order had four Classes:

  • Yugoslav Great Star — highest decoration in SFR Yugoslavia
  • Yugoslav Star with Sash (before 1961 Order of the Yugoslav Star, I Class) — 6th highest decoration in SFR Yugoslavia
  • Yugoslav Star with Golden Wreath (before 1961 Order of the Yugoslav Star, II Class) — 14th highest decoration in SFR Yugoslavia
  • Yugoslav Star on Cravat (before 1961 Order of the Yugoslav Star, III Class) — 24th highest decoration in SFR Yugoslavia

After the dissolution of SFR Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (and later Serbia and Montenegro) continued to use some of the decorations of former Yugoslavia, among them Order of the Yugoslav Star.[2] In the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Order of the Yugoslav Star was the second highest order after the Order of Yugoslavia.[3] During this time the four Classes of the order were named:[3]

  • Yugoslav Great Star — 2nd highest decoration in FR Yugoslavia (after the Order of Yugoslavia)
  • Yugoslav Star, I Class — 7th highest decoration in FR Yugoslavia
  • Yugoslav Star, II Class — 20th highest decoration in FR Yugoslavia
  • Yugoslav Star, III Class — 31st highest decoration in FR Yugoslavia

Gallery[edit]

Recipients[edit]

The Order was usually awarded to foreign heads of state and other distinguished foreigners who visited Yugoslavia. Up to 1985, the Yugoslav Great Star was awarded 127 times of which 115 to foreigners and 12 to Yugoslav citizens.[4] Some of the notable recipients of the Yugoslav Great Star (or Yugoslav Star, I Class before 1961) are:

Recipients of SFRY[edit]

Recipients of FRY / Serbian and Montenegro[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orders and Decorations of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, 1945-90 by Lukasz Gaszewski 2000, 2003
  2. ^ a b Standard magazin: Srbija ponovo deli odlikovanja, br.133, 05.12.2008. (Serbian)
  3. ^ a b Orders and Decorations of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, 1990- by Lukasz Gaszewski 2000, 2003
  4. ^ Samler.ru: Order of the Yugoslav Grand Star (Russian)
  5. ^ see: Awards and decorations of Josip Broz Tito
  6. ^ ETHIOPIA: The Solomonic Dynasty GENEALOGY by Christopher Buyers, August 2000 - February 2009
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Dragović, Rade (6 April 2011). "Srpski orden na ruskim grudima" [Serbian Medals on Russian Chests] (in Serbian). Večernje novosti. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  8. ^ AFGHANISTAN: The Barakzai Dynasty GENEALOGY by Christopher Buyers, August 2000 - February 2009
  9. ^ Morocco: The Alawi Dynasty Fenealogy by Christopher Buyers, November 2001 - November 2014
  10. ^ warheroes.ru: Брежнев Леонид Ильич, Смыслов О.С. "Загадки советских наград. 1918-1991 годы." - М.: "Вече", 2005, с. 214-216. (Russian)
  11. ^ Soekarno by Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia (1989)
  12. ^ The Pahlavi Dynasty GENEALOGY by Christopher Buyers, August 2000 - February 2009
  13. ^ CAMBODIA: The Varman Dynasty GENEALOGY by Christopher Buyers, August 2000 - February 2009
  14. ^ ORDRE DE LA LIBERATION: Jacques Chaban-Delmas (French)
  15. ^ see: List of titles and honours of Queen Elizabeth II
  16. ^ see: List of titles and honours of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
  17. ^ Royal House of Norway web page on King Olav V's decorations (Norwegian) Retrieved 5 October 2007
  18. ^ Royal House of Norway web page on The Decorations of HM The King (Norwegian) Retrieved 5 October 2007
  19. ^ The Danish Monarchy official site: H.M. Dronningens dekorationer (Danish)
  20. ^ The Danish Monarchy official site: H.K.H. Prinsgemalens dekorationer (Danish)
  21. ^ a b Samler.ru: Фото награжденных, (Russian) retrieved 7 October 2012
  22. ^ Samler.ru: Фото награжденных 2: 1. Dzafar Nimeiri. (Russian)
  23. ^ NEPAL: The Royal House of Shah GENEALOGY by Christopher Buyers, August 2000 - February 2009
  24. ^ KUWAIT: Al-Sabah Dynasty GENEALOGY by Christopher Buyers, August 2000 - February 2009
  25. ^ IN MEMORIAM HARE MAJESTEIT KONINGIN JULIANA (Dutch)
  26. ^ In dienst van Oranje: Prins Bernhard, Prins der Nederlanden (Dutch)
  27. ^ AFGHANISTAN: Al-Hashimi Dynasty Dynasty GENEALOGY by Christopher Buyers, August 2000 - November 2014
  28. ^ Kosova Crisis Center: Gaddafi Given Yugoslavia's Top Medal By Milosevic, Reuters, October 26, 1999 06:22 AM EDT
  29. ^ Маршал Сергеев дождался звезды (Russian)
  30. ^ "Milošević uručio Li Pengu orden velike jugoslovenske zvezde" [Milosevic awarded the order of the Great Yugoslav Star to Li Peng]. B92. 12 June 2000. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  31. ^ Svečani prijem povodom rođendana japanskog cara (Serbian)
  32. ^ Vukelić, Dejan (9 September 2004). "Odlikovanja šakom i kapom" (in Serbian). Blic. Retrieved 8 December 2014.