Orders, decorations, and medals of East Germany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

After the establishment of the German Democratic Republic the new country prohibited the wearing of all pre-1945 German awards and created a new system of various decorations that was inspired by those of the USSR.[1][2]

After German reunification, wearing of East German awards was forbidden.[citation needed]

Titles[edit]

Hero of the German Democratic Republic[edit]

"Hero of the German Democratic Republic" (German: Held der DDR), the highest honorary title in East Germany, originated on 28 October 1975 and rewarded both soldiers and civilians. Those who received the title enjoyed many benefits, such as free public transport. A yearly ratio was intended that limited up to 10 title assignments. It was awarded for "extraordinary achievements and earnings/services the hero acts for the GDR, for their development and all-round stabilization, for which international acknowledgement and authority achieved as well as for its safe military protection".

Those who became Held der DDR also automatically qualified for the Karl Marx Order. The decoration was supposed to be returned to the state upon the recipient's death. In all 9 awards to 7 people were made:

Hero of Labour[edit]

The Hero of Labour (German: Held der Arbeit) was awarded for "particularly outstanding, innovative activity, in particular in the fields of industry and agriculture, which traffic or the trade rendered or by scientific discoveries or technical inventions special services around the structure and the victory of socialism and by this activity the national economy and thus growth and the reputation of the German Democratic Republic promoted". In addition, the recipient would get receive a 10,000 East German Mark award.

Order and Medals[edit]

Order[edit]

Order Ribbon
bar
Name (English/German) Date of
creation
Description
Held der DDR.png
Hero of GDR
Held der DDR
Karl-Marx-Order1.jpg
GDR Marks-order bar.png
Karl Marx Order
Karl Marx Orden
1953-05-05
Vaterlaendischer Verdienstorden.jpg
Ehrenspange.png
Patriotic Order of Merit GDR ribbon bar gold.png
Patriotic Order of Merit GDR ribbon bar silver.png
Patriotic Order of Merit GDR ribbon bar bronze.png
Patriotic Order of Merit
Vaterländischer Verdienstorden
1954-05-21 Awarded for special services to the state and to society
Banner of Labor1.jpg
Banner of Labour
Banner der Arbeit
1954-08-04
DDR-National-Prize.jpg
National Prize of East Germany
Nationalpreis der DDR
1949
GDR Star of Friendship of Nations - Grand Star (formal ribbon) BAR.png
De grote gouden ster van de Orde van de Volkerenvriendschap 2.gif
Star of People's Friendship
Stern der Völkerfreundschaft
1959-08-20
Bartel0016gsb.jpg
GDR Blucher Order for Gallantry - Gold BAR.png
GDR Blucher Order for Gallantry - Silver BAR.png
GDR Blucher Order for Gallantry - Bronze BAR.png
Blücher Order
Blücher Orden
1965-10-13 Award for valor in time of war; never awarded.

Military decorations[edit]

Medal Ribbon
bar
Name (English/German) Date of
creation
Description
Hans-Beimler Medal-Ribbon.gif
Hans Beimler Medal
(Hans Beimler Medaille)
1956-05-17
GDR Scharnhorst-Order ribbon.pdf
GDR Scharnhorst-Order bar.png
Scharnhorst Order
Scharnhorst-Orden
1966-02-17 Contributed in a major way to the betterment of the DDR Principles of Ideology
GDR Combat-Order for Merit for the Nation and Fatherland - Gold BAR.png
GDR Combat-Order for Merit for the Nation and Fatherland - Silver BAR.png
GDR Combat-Order for Merit for the Nation and Fatherland - Bronze BAR.png
Combat order "Of Merit for the Nation and Fatherland"
February 17, 1966 The medal was granted in three classes:
  • Bronze
  • Silver
  • Gold

GDR Dist-Mil-Pilot med.jpg

GDR Dist-Mil-Pilot bar.jpg
Meritorious Military Pilot of the GDR
(Verdienter Militärflieger der DDR)
August 1, 1974
GDR Merit-med NPA rib-B.pdf
GDR Verdienstmedaille NVA 3 BAR.png
GDR Verdienstmedaille NVA 2 BAR.png
GDR Verdienstmedaille NVA 1 BAR.png
Medal of Merit of the National People's Army
(Verdienstmedaille der Nationalen Volksarmee)
1956-06-01 The medal was granted in three classes:
  • Bronze
  • Silver
  • Gold
GDR Brotherhood in Arms Medal - Bronze BAR.png
GDR Brotherhood in Arms Medal - Silver BAR.png
GDR Brotherhood in Arms Medal - Gold BAR.png
Medal Brotherhood in Arms
{Medaille der Waffenbrüderschaft)
1966-02-17 The medal was granted in three classes:
  • Bronze
  • Silver
  • Gold
Med Faithfol Serv NPA rb-B.pdf
Med Faithfol Serv NPA rb-S.pdf
Med Faithfol Serv NPA rb-G.pdf
GDR Faithful-Serv-NPA bar-20y.pdf
Medal For Faithful Service in the National People’s Army
(Medaille für treue Dienste in der Nationalen Volksarmee)
1956-06-01
  • 5 years service (bronze)
  • 10 years service (silver)
  • 15 years service (gold)
  • 20 years service (gold) with colored flags on the medal and Roman numerals XX on the ribbon
GDR Medal for Exemplary Border Service BAR.png
Medal for Exemplary Border Service
(Medaille für vorbildlichen Grenzdienst der Grenztruppen der DDR)
1953

References[edit]

External links[edit]