Bangladeshi honours system

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The existing Bangladeshi honours system was created after Independence of Bangladesh. The most recognized civil awards are Ekushey Padak and Independence Day Award. They are awarded every year. The awards are civilian awards for a broad set of achievements in fields such as Education, Arts, Civil Service, or Social Service and Liberation War . Awards were also bestowed posthumously and they are not given for foreign citizens.

The most recognized and respectfull gallantry awards are the Bir (Bengali: বীর) awards which are Bir Sreshtho, Bir Uttom, Bir Bikrom and Bir Protik in decreasing order of importance. They are awarded to freedom fighters who showed utmost bravery and fought against the Pakistan Army in the Bangladesh Liberation War. All of these awards were introduced immediately after the Liberation War in 1971.

Civil decorations[edit]

Ekushey Padak[edit]

Main article: Ekushey Padak

Ekushey Padak (Bengali: একুশে পদক) is one of the highest civilian awards in Bangladesh, introduced in memory of the martyrs of the Language Movement of 1952 (Bengali: বাংলা ভাষা আন্দোলন) that took place on February 21, 1952.[1]

Independence Day Award[edit]

The Independence Day Award (Bengali: স্বাধীনতা পদক), is the highest state award given by the government of Bangladesh Introduced in 1977, this award is bestowed upon Bangladeshi citizens or organizations in recognition of substantial contribution to one of many fields, including the War of Liberation, the language movement, education, literature, journalism, public service, science and technology, medical science, social science, song, games and sports, fine arts, rural development, and other areas.

Bangla Academy Award for Literature[edit]

Main article: Bangla Academy Award

This award is offered to the writers in recognition of their creative genius in consideration of their overall contribution in the field of Bangla language and literature. The award was introduced in 1960 AD. From its very inception till 1984 the awards were scheduled to be offered on six subjects like poetry, novel, short stories, essays, juvenile literature and translation. In 1985 a changed schedule was introduced to offer awards to two writers for their overall contributions in the field of Bangla language and literature. At present awards are given in three distinctive fields: (a) poetry/novel/short story; (b) research/essay/science; (c) translation/drama/ juvenile literature.

The award is normally given every year in the above areas of intellectual activities. In the absence of competent awardee in any of the fields in a particular year, no award is given in that year. The award is scheduled to be given to individuals only, and no institution or group is entitled to it. Every award is valued one lakh taka in cash. The awardee is entitled to the cash money, a certificate and a raplica of honour. Besides, the awardee is offered the fellowship of Bangla Academy.

Bangladesh Shishu Academy Award for Literature[edit]

The Bangladesh Shishu Academy adorns one Bangladeshi litterateur with the award for his/her overall contribution in the field of juvenile literature. The award was introduced in 1396 BS. A poet or a litterateur is entitled to this award once during his lifetime. No provision is made for giving the award posthumously. The awardee is entitled to an amount of taka twenty five thousand in cash, one crest and a certificate of honour.

President's Award for Agricultural Development[edit]

The President's Award for Agricultural Development (Bengali: রাষ্ট্রপতির কৃষি উন্নয়ন পদক) is given to recognise a substantial contribution in the field of research in agricultural development.

This award was started in 1973 under the Ministry of Agriculture of Bangladesh.

National Film Award[edit]

The government offers this award to the individuals for notable contributions to the promotion of the art of cinema, specifically for their best performances, and also to the best films and documentaries. The awardees include the best film, story writer, director, photo editor, composer of dialogue, photo dramatist, actor and actress, side actor and actress, song director, photographer, composer of song, art director, sound man, singer, juvenile artist, dance director, tuner, make-up man, manuscript, dialogue, documentary, short film and special award for juvenile artists. The best director is entitled to taka ten thousand in cash, and the others taka five thousand in cash each. Every awardee gets a raplica in addition to the cash money.

National Sports Award[edit]

This award is given for specific contributions in the field of games and sports. The awardees include the organisers of games and sports, and the individuals displaying extraordinary performances in football, hockey, cricket, swimming, shooting, chase, and athletics. Each awardee is entitled to a gold medal and taka eight thousand in cash.

Military Decorations[edit]

The following are the various gallantry, service and war medals of the Bangladesh Armed Forces.[2][3][4][5][6]

Gallantry awards[edit]

  • Bir Sreshtho-(Bengali: বীরশ্রেষ্ঠ; literally, "The Most Valiant Hero"), is the highest military award of Bangladesh. It was awarded to seven freedom fighters who showed utmost bravery and died in action for their nation. They are considered martyrs.
  • Bir Bikrom- (Bengali: বীর বিক্রম; literally, "Valiant hero") is the third highest gallantry award in Bangladesh. Like the other gallantry awards, this was introduced immediately after the Bangladeshi Liberation War. Bir Bikrom was awarded to 175 fighters.
  • Bir Protik- (Bengali: বীর প্রতীক; literally, "Symbol of Bravery or Idol of Courage") is the fourth highest gallantry award in Bangladesh.

Service Medals (Operational)[edit]

  • Rono Taroka
  • Samar Padak
  • Mukti Taroka
  • Joy Padak
  • Songbidhan Padak
  • Nirapattya Padak
  • Dabanal Padak
  • Uttoron Padak

Service Medals (Non-Operational)[edit]

  • Plaban 1998 Padak
  • Gurnijhar 1991 Padak
  • Maha Plaban 1998
  • Sangsadia Nirbachan 1991
  • Sangsadia Nirbachan 1996
  • Sangsadia Nirbachan 2001
  • Silver Jubilee
  • Golden Jubilee

Decorations[edit]

  • Jestha Padak 1
  • Jestha Padak 2

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Awards, from Banglapedia.
  2. ^ Bangladesh Ribbon Chart
  3. ^ http://www.medals.org.uk/bangladesh/bangladesh-text.htm Text List of Ribbons
  4. ^ http://www.jeanpaulleblanc.com/Bangladesh.htm Orders, Decorations and Medals of Bangladesh
  5. ^ http://www.army.mil.bd/node/7 Army Medal Lists: Official
  6. ^ http://www.coleccionesmilitares.com/cintas/asia/bangladesh.gif Asian Medals: Bangladesh

External links[edit]