Orders of magnitude (specific energy)

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This is a table of specific energy by magnitude. Unless otherwise noted, these values assume standard ambient temperature and pressure.

List of orders of magnitude for specific energy
Order of magnitude
J/(kg)
Specific energy Storage method
101 1 gravitational potential energy stored by raising any material by 1 meter (near the Earth's surface)
102 2.8 day laborer (for that day)
4 heel-strike generator using electrostrictive polymers
103
104
105 2.16 NiMH rechargeable batteries
6.12 lead acid car batteries
6.3 Li-ion watch batteries
107 1.6 wood fuel
1.7 protein (about 4 nutritional calories per gram)[1]
carbohydrates (about 4 nutritional calories per gram)[2]
2.5 ethanol
2.9 alcohol (about 7 nutritional calories per gram)
3.8 fat (about 9 nutritional calories per gram)[3]
4.4 petrol (gasoline)[4]
108 1.2 hydrogen
1013 8.6 nuclear fission: natural uranium in fast breeder reactor
1014 5.76 nuclear fusion: deuterium-tritium
1016 ~8.9876 matter-antimatter annihilation: indeterminate matter and antimatter

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dukhan, David (2003). "Energy Density of Protein". The Physics Factbook. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  2. ^ Panda, Anurag (2007). "Energy Density of Carbohydrates". The Physics Factbook. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Zhang, Ping (2004). "Energy Density of Fats". The Physics Factbook. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Golnik, Arthur (2003). "Energy Density of Gasoline". The Physics Factbook. Retrieved 5 January 2014.