Ordu

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Not to be confused with Urdu.
Ordu
Metropolitan Municipality
View of Ordu from Boztepe hill
View of Ordu from Boztepe hill
Official logo of Ordu
Emblem of Ordu
Ordu is located in Turkey
Ordu
Ordu
Location of Ordu within Turkey
Coordinates: 40°59′N 37°53′E / 40.983°N 37.883°E / 40.983; 37.883Coordinates: 40°59′N 37°53′E / 40.983°N 37.883°E / 40.983; 37.883
Country  Turkey
Region Black Sea
Province Ordu
Government
 • Mayor Enver Badem (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 303.55 km2 (117.20 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 147,913
 • District 186,000
 • District density 610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 52xxx
Area code(s) 0452
Licence plate 52

Ordu (Turkish pronunciation: [ˈoɾdu]) is a port city on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, and the capital of Ordu Province. Estimated population c. 2013: 186,097.

History[edit]

Ordu at Ottoman era

In the 8th century BC, the settlement of Cotyora (also spelled Kotyora) was founded in this area as one of a string of colonies along the Black Sea coast established by the Miletians. Xenophon mentions the town (Anabasis V.5.3f), as does Strabo much later (XII.3.17). Arrian, in his 131 CE guidebook Periplus of the Euxine Sea, describes it as a village "and not a large one."[3]

The area came under the control of the Danishmends, then the Seljuk Turks in 1214 and 1228, and the Hacıemiroğulları Beylik in 1346. Afterwards, it passed to the dominion of the Ottomans in 1461 along with the Empire of Trabzon.[4]

The modern city was founded by the Ottomans as Bayramlı near Eskipazar as a military outpost 5 km (3 mi) west of Ordu.

In 1869, the name was changed to Ordu and united with the districts of Bolaman, Perşembe, Ulubey, Hansamana (Gölköy) and Aybastı. Ordu province was created at 17 April 1920.[5]

Ordu today[edit]

Old city centre of Ordu
Ordu coast path on a sunny winter day

The Sağra factory shop, selling many varieties of chocolate-covered hazelnuts, is one of the town's attractions.

The Boztepe aerial tramway is another popular attraction which is set to become a modern symbol for the city.

Local music is typical of the Black Sea region, including the kemençe. The cuisine is primarily based on local vegetables and includes both typical Turkish dishes - such as pide and kebab- and more unique fare - such as plain or caramel 'burnt ice-cream'.

Economy[edit]

As of 1920, Ordu was one of the few producers of white green beans, which were exported to Europe.[6] Ordu also had mulberry tree plantations for sericulture.[7]

Today the city is the centre of a large hazelnut processing industry, including Sağra,[8] one of the largest Turkish hazelnut processors and exporters, and Fiskobirlik,[9] the largest hazelnut co-op in the world.

Places of interest[edit]

  • Paşaoğlu Konağı and Ethnographic museum - a ethnographic museum.
  • Taşbaşı Cultural Centre - a cultural centre
  • Boztepe - a hill of 550 m (1,800 ft) overlooking the town from the west. Since June 2012, an aerial lift system provides an easy way of transportation between the city's coastline and the hilltop. The Ordu Boztepe Gondola can transport hourly 900 passengers up to the hilltop in 6.5 minutes.[10][11]
  • Old Houses of Ordu in the old city center
  • Yalı Camii, also called Aziziye Camii - a mosque
  • Atik İbrahim Paşa Camii, also called Orta Cami - a mosque built in 1770
  • Eski Pazar Camii - a mosque with adjoining Turkish baths
  • Efirli Camii - a mosque

Sports[edit]

The city is the home of the Orduspor football club. Its base is the 19 Eylül Stadium in the heart of the city. The City has a basketball team it is orduspor too. Orduspor football team is playing on the Super League of Turkiye

International relations[edit]

Twin towns—Sister cities[edit]

One of Ordu's ropeway cabin is named after the twinned town Batumi

Ordu is twinned with:

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ordu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
10.7
(51.3)
12.0
(53.6)
15.2
(59.4)
19.1
(66.4)
24.1
(75.4)
27.0
(80.6)
27.7
(81.9)
24.5
(76.1)
20.3
(68.5)
16.2
(61.2)
12.9
(55.2)
18.38
(65.1)
Average low °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
3.6
(38.5)
5.0
(41)
8.2
(46.8)
12.2
(54)
16.4
(61.5)
19.4
(66.9)
19.9
(67.8)
16.6
(61.9)
12.8
(55)
8.5
(47.3)
5.7
(42.3)
11.01
(51.82)
Precipitation mm (inches) 100.2
(3.945)
85.2
(3.354)
77.9
(3.067)
76.0
(2.992)
55.7
(2.193)
76.0
(2.992)
61.8
(2.433)
60.6
(2.386)
83.9
(3.303)
137.8
(5.425)
130.3
(5.13)
101.2
(3.984)
1,046.6
(41.204)
Avg. rainy days 14.9 14.3 15.5 14.8 13.0 11.3 9.9 9.3 12.1 14.5 13.5 14.5 157.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 77.5 81.2 105.4 129 173.6 213 192.2 195.3 156 127.1 99 74.4 1,623.7
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü[14]

People from Ordu[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ 16.3 Translated in Arrian: Periplus Ponti Euxini, edited and translated by Aidan Liddle (London: Bristol Classical Press, 2003), p. 75
  4. ^ History of Ordu (tr)
  5. ^ Ordu
  6. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 62. 
  7. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 64. 
  8. ^ http://www.sagra.com/sagra/tr
  9. ^ fiskobirlik Genel Müdürlüğü
  10. ^ "Teleferik -"40 Yıllık Rüya Gerçek Oldu"" (in Turkish). Ordu Belediyesi. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  11. ^ "Tatilden dersler aldık". Erzurum Flaş (in Turkish). 2013-08-27. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  12. ^ "Batumi - Twin Towns & Sister Cities". Batumi City Hall. Archived from the original on 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2013-08-10. 
  13. ^ "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09. 
  14. ^ http://www.dmi.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=ORDU | title = Ordu | accessdate = 17 March 2011 | publisher = Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü

External links[edit]