Oregon Caves Chateau
Oregon Caves Chateau
The Chateau at Oregon Caves
|Location||Oregon Caves National Monument, Oregon|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|NRHP Reference #||87001346|
|Added to NRHP||May 28, 1987|
|Designated NHL||May 28, 1987|
The Oregon Caves Chateau is an historic American hotel that opened in 1934. It is located in Oregon Caves National Monument in southern Oregon, near Cave Junction. The Chateau was designed and built by Gust Lium, a local contractor. Declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987, the Chateau building is architecturally significant because of its construction and design.
The Chateau is six stories high and is built across a steep ravine. All floor levels except the top two have ground level entrances because of the steep slope. From the main front entrance the building appears to be only three stories high, but from the creek bed below the hotel, all six floors can be seen. The lowest two floors house storage and building systems. The third floor contains the dining room, coffee shop and kitchen. The fourth floor, at the level of the driveway, houses the lobby and some guest rooms, while the fifth and sixth floors have guest rooms and the manager's quarters.
The architecture of the Chateau building, as well as several other buildings nearby of the same age, is rustic. The building exterior is sheathed with cedar bark, giving it a shaggy appearance. Both shed and dormer style roofs mimic the surrounding mountains. Extensive rock work was constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps under the direction of the Plans and Design branch of the Park Service, headed by Thomas Chalmers Vint, creating a bond between the building and the landscape. A small pond with a waterfall is in the courtyard.
Inside the Chateau the rustic architecture continues. Thirty-inch-diameter (760 mm) log posts support the open beam ceilings. A large, rustic-marble double-sided fireplace dominates the lobby. Dark paneled walls create a cavelike feel and allow one's attention to be drawn to the view outside the large picture windows. Since the lobby is four floors above the creek bed, the lobby windows look out into the trees of the surrounding forest. A grand staircase made of pine log stringers, maple steps, and balustrades of madrone, continue the rustic style. The gray wood in the lobby is tinted by cement, which came from the cement bags that the workers beat against the wood to loosen the contents.
A 1930s-style coffee shop on the courtyard level of the Chateau is still in original condition, with original maple counters and chrome and vinyl swivel stools. Part of the flow from nearby Cave Creek is diverted into an artificial stream bed inside the building; the stream flows through the dining room.
The Chateau contains a large collection of the original polychrome Mason Monterey furniture, made by the Mason Manufacturing Company in Los Angeles, California. The Mason Monterey line is important in that Frank and George Mason, its founders, were credited being originators of the Monterey trend. The Chateau has the largest public collection of Mason Monterey furniture in the world. In 2010, the first two dozen pieces were conserved and restored. Ten A-frame Dining chairs that went through the flood of 1964, having been stripped of most of their finish, were repaired and restored to their original glory, while several upholstered pieces were conserved.
The Chateau is in almost original condition. The rooms remain almost exactly as they were in 1934. There are no phones or televisions, and steam radiator heating. The Chateau is open to guests spring through fall, dates vary.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Oregon Caves Chateau". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-18.
- Historic American Buildings Survey, Oregon Caves Chateau. HABS No. OR-145, prepared by Stephen R. Mark, Historian, NPS, Aug. 25, 1989.
- Laura Soullière Harrison (, 1985). PDF (415 KB). National Park Service. and PDF (3.50 MB)
- Kaiser, Harvey (1997). "Landmarks in the Landscape", San Francisco: Chronicle Books ISBN 0-8118-1854-3, pp. 86-89
- ""Architecture in the Parks: A National Historic Landmark Theme Study: Oregon Caves Chateau", by Laura Soullière Harrison". National Historic Landmark Theme Study. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-18.
- Treatment Reports for the Conservation of the Mason Monterey Furniture, Oregon Caves National Monument, 2010 
- Virtual Tour of The Chateau at Oregon Caves.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oregon Caves Chateau.|
- Architecture in the Parks: A National Historic Landmark Theme Study: Oregon Caves Chateau, by Laura Soullière Harrison, 1986, at National Park Service
- Oregon Caves Outfitters operates all services at The Chateau, including the coffee shop, gift shop, dining room, and lodging
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. OR-145-A, "Oregon Caves National Monument, Chateau, 19000 Caves Highway, Cave Junction, Josephine County, OR"