Oregon played its first baseball game in 1877 and established the program in 1885. The Ducks won the PCC-North Division championship 9 times between 1928 and 1946. They were overall PCC champions in 1954 after the conference had unified north and south divisions in the late 1940s. The conference dissolved in the spring of 1959.
In 1964, in the re-organized Athletic Association of Western Universities, Oregon was once again North Division champions. The team made one College World Series appearance, in 1954, and was eliminated from the tournament after losing to Arizona and Massachusetts. After the 1981 season, baseball and three other varsity sports at Oregon were dropped by the university (men's gymnastics, women's golf, and women's soccer) due to a budget crisis, and baseball became a club sport in March 1983.
In July 2007, the university announced that it would again field a varsity baseball team, beginning with the 2009 season. In-state rival Oregon State had secured their second consecutive College World Series title a month earlier.
From 1936, the Ducks played baseball at Howe Field. When the university dropped baseball after the 1981 season, the field was converted to use by the Ducks' women's softball team. Baseball became a club sport in 1983 and Oregon was the only Pac-10 school without a varsity baseball program through 2008. Following the reinstatement of baseball in 2009, the university built a new baseball stadium, PK Park, in what was a parking lot adjacent to Autzen Stadium. The field is shared by the minor league Eugene Emeralds of the short seasonNorthwest League.