Oregon slender salamander

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Oregon slender salamander
Batrachoseps wrighti.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Batrachoseps
Species: B. wrightorum
Binomial name
Batrachoseps wrightorum
(Bishop, 1937)

The Oregon slender salamander (Batrachoseps wrightorum) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family. Batracho-seps means "frog-lizard."

Distribution[edit]

The Oregon slender salamander is endemic to the Northwestern United States specifically the western slopes of the Oregon Cascade Range.[1][2]

Its natural habitat is temperate forests of moist Douglas fir, maple, and red cedar woodlands in Oregon, to 3,000 feet (910 m).[1]

The species while noted to be an old growth obligate, was found in the suburban landscape.[3]

Conservation[edit]

The Oregon slender salamander is threatened by habitat loss, it is an IUCN Red List Vulnerable species.[1] It is Federally listed as a Species of Concern. The state of Oregon has listed it as sensitive in the Oregon Conservation Strategy.[4]

Habitat[edit]

They are typically found in old growth habitat, associated with late-successional Douglas- Fir forests. However they have been found in earlier succession forest with larger logs and lots of downed woody debris. They are found in large diameter decayed logs. They prefer habitats that have a closed canopy.[5]

Description[edit]

They have four toes on the hind feet. The toes have slightly widened round tips. Juveniles are black to dark grey with mottled reddish dorsal strip, they have a black to silver speckled pattern on their under belly. They have a long thin body and are 14–64 mm long SVL.

The eggs while very rare to find are enclosed in a long thing strand of jelly and are 4 mm diameter.

Behaviour[edit]

When found this species will coil it's body up and remain motionless.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Geoffrey Hammerson, Bruce Bury (2004). Batrachoseps wrighti. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2.
  2. ^ Bury, RB; Corn. "Douglas-fir forests in the Oregon and Washington Cascades: abundance of terrestrial herpetofauna related to stand age and moisture". Management of Amphibians, Reptiles and Small Mammals in North America: 11–22. 
  3. ^ Guderyahn, Laura; Musson, Smithers, Wishnek, Corkran. Northwest Naturalist 91 (3): 325–328. 
  4. ^ Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (2006). "Oregon Conservation Strategy". Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. 
  5. ^ Carey, AB. "Wildlife associated with old growth forest in the PNW". Natural Areas Journal 9: 151–162.