Oregon slender salamander

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Oregon Slender Salamander)
Jump to: navigation, search
Oregon slender salamander
Batrachoseps wrighti.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Batrachoseps
Species: B. wrighti
Binomial name
Batrachoseps wrighti
(Bishop, 1937)
Synonyms

Plethopsis wrighti Bishop, 1937
Batrachoseps wrightorum (Bishop, 1937)

The Oregon slender salamander (Batrachoseps wrighti) is a species of salamander in the Plethodontidae family from the Northwestern United States.[2][3]

Distribution[edit]

The Oregon slender salamander is endemic to north-central Oregon, found particularly on the western slopes of the Cascade Range but also in some sites on the eastern slopes.[1][3][4]

Conservation[edit]

The Oregon slender salamander is threatened by habitat loss and classified an IUCN Red List Vulnerable species.[1] It is Federally listed as a Species of Concern. The state of Oregon has listed it as sensitive in the Oregon Conservation Strategy.[5]

Habitat[edit]

The species' natural habitats are temperate forests of moist Douglas fir, maple, and red cedar woodlands in Oregon, to 910 metres (3,000 ft).[1] They are typically found in old growth habitat, associated with late-successional Douglas fir forests. However they have been found in earlier succession forest with larger logs and lots of downed woody debris. They are found in large diameter decayed logs. They prefer habitats that have a closed canopy.[6] The species has also been found in a suburban landscape.[7]

Description[edit]

They have a long thin body and grow to 61 mm (2.4 in) in snout–vent length and 120 mm (4.7 in) in total length, though most individuals are smaller. They have four toes on the hind feet.[3]

Clutch size is 3–11 and the eggs are 4 mm in diameter.[3]

Behaviour[edit]

When found this species will coil its body up and remain motionless.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Geoffrey Hammerson, Bruce Bury (2004). "Batrachoseps wrighti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Batrachoseps wrighti (Bishop, 1937)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Batrachoseps wrighti". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  4. ^ Bury, RB; Corn, PS (1988). "Douglas-fir forests in the Oregon and Washington Cascades: abundance of terrestrial herpetofauna related to stand age and moisture". Management of Amphibians, Reptiles and Small Mammals in North America. US Forest Service, General Technical Report RM-GTR-166: 11–22. 
  5. ^ Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (2006). "Oregon Conservation Strategy". Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. 
  6. ^ Carey, AB (1989). "Wildlife associated with old growth forest in the PNW". Natural Areas Journal 9: 151–162. 
  7. ^ Guderyahn, Laura, Curtis Musson, Ashley Smithers, Benyamin Wishnek, and Charlotte Corkran (2010). "Observations of Oregon slender salamanders (Batrachoseps wrighti) in suburban landscapes". Northwest Naturalist 91 (3): 325–328. doi:10.1898/NWN09-41.1.