Oregon Office of Degree Authorization
The Oregon Office of Degree Authorization (ODA) is a unit of the Oregon Student Access Commission (OSAC; named the Oregon Student Assistance Commission prior to January 1, 2012) with responsibilities related to maintaining high standards in private higher education institutions in Oregon. ODA administers laws and provides oversight of private colleges and universities offering degree programs in the state, validates individual claims of degrees, enforces the closure of substandard or fraudulent higher education programs in the state, and enforces policy for publicly funded postsecondary programs and locations. Its functions are scheduled to be moved into the new Oregon Higher Education Coordinating Commission in July 2012.
ODA has three main functions under statute (Oregon Revised Statutes 348.603 to 348.615):
- Authorization of institutions offering academic degrees in Oregon or to Oregon students from outside the state. Any school that is not a part of the public postsecondary system of Oregon must be approved or determined "exempt" by ODA before offering courses leading to a degree in Oregon. ODA evaluates college degree programs, authorizes each degree program for a fixed term, and provides oversight of the programs during the authorization period.
- Validation of degrees (for individuals, employers, and licensing boards) and investigation of fraudulent higher education programs. ODA collaborates with higher education agencies in other states and countries to determine equivalency of degrees, to enforce closure of illegal diploma mills and degree mills in Oregon, and to share information and assist with enforcement around the world.
- Mediation of adverse impact cases when public funds have been used to compete with existing private college programs. ODA acts as a facilitator in the mediation process, working with community colleges, the Oregon University system, and private and independent colleges and universities to resolve adverse impact cases, when the interested parties have not been able to resolve the case on through their own processes.
ODA collaborates with the Oregon University System, Department of Community Colleges and Workforce Development, Oregon Independent Colleges Association, and the Private Career Schools office of the Oregon Department of Education. ODA is responsible for 26 private colleges and universities offering Associate, Bachelor's, Master's, and PhD degree programs, as well as for more than 100 institutions outside of Oregon that offer full or partial degree programs to Oregon residents via online or distance learning. ODA also determines exemption of colleges and universities that meet specific criteria, and currently has approved five colleges under a special religious exemption to offer limited-title degrees in theology and religious occupations for use only within their religious organization.
The functions were at one time assigned to the Oregon Education Coordinating Council, which in 1975 was reconfigured and renamed the Oregon Educational Coordinating Commission. In 1987 it became the Office of Educational Policy and Planning. ODA became a component of the Oregon Student Assistance Commission (OSAC) in 1997 when the Office of Educational Policy and Planning was dismantled.
Alan Contreras was head of ODA from 1999 until his retirement in March 2011. Under his direction, Oregon's ODA came to be regarded as being "at the forefront of efforts to address fake degree problems" and "a model" for other states instituting similar programs. Jennifer Diallo succeeded Contreras, first as interim administrator. She became administrator on a permanent basis in January 2012; as of October 2013, the ODA website reported that Diallo was "no longer with ODA."
State legislation enacted in 2011 establishes a new Oregon Higher Education Coordinating Commission, effective July 1, 2012, and provides for ODA and its functions to move into the new organization upon its formation.
ODA maintains a website on which it provides information about higher education in Oregon, the state's approval and authorization processes, educational accreditation, alleged diploma mills, unaccredited schools approved to offer degrees in Oregon, and degrees that are not valid in the state. Agencies with similar responsibilities in other jurisdictions recommend the ODA website as an information resource. For example, New Jersey Higher Education describes it as "excellent and extensive", the Missouri Department of Higher Education recommends it for "deal[ing] with the subject of diploma mills in great detail", and the U.S. Federal Trade Commission advises employers that "there is no comprehensive list of diploma mills on the Web because new phony credentialing sources arise all the time", but recommends the ODA list as a resource.
In 2001, when the U.S. federal government's General Accounting Office (GAO) began an investigation of diploma mills and the use of fraudulent degrees to obtain financial benefit, it used the ODA list of diploma mills and unaccredited institutions as a starting point. The GAO compared a list of 43 institutions on the ODA list with the degrees claimed in résumés posted on a government-sponsored website and found 1,200 résumés that listed degrees from 14 of the 43 institutions on the list.
- "Chapter 348 — Student Aid; Education Stability Fund; Planning", Oregon Revised Statutes, 2009 Edition
- The ODA evaluates college and university degrees from outside of Oregon, Oregon Student Access Commission, retrieved January 27, 2012
- Office of Degree Authorization, Oregon Student Access Commission, retrieved January 27, 2012
- The ODA mediates Adverse Impact cases, Oregon Student Access Commission, retrieved January 27, 2012
- A Brief History of the Oregon Student Access Commission, Oregon Student Access Commission, retrieved January 27, 2012
- Alan Contreras (March 15, 2011), "Guest Post: Hysteria over the Ed Dept’s State Authorization Rule Is Misplaced", Higher Ed Watch (New America Foundation)
- Kelly Morgan (June 4, 2006), "Top fields for bogus degrees; Degree-for-a-fee travesty", Sun Journal (Lewiston, Maine)
- "Degree authorization office names new director", The Hillsboro Argus (Hillsboro, Oregon: OregonLive.com), January 10, 2012
- "Office of Degree Authorization" (website). Retrieved October 25, 2013.
- Resources, University of Oregon New Partnership, retrieved January 27, 2012
- Senate Bill 242, 76th Oregon Legislative Assembly -- 2011 Regular Session (PDF)
- Degree Mills:State Information on Institutions Licensed or Authorized to Operate, Council for Higher Education Accreditation, April 2005, retrieved January 27, 2012
- Accreditation & Diploma Mills: Federal, State, International, and Other Resources, New Jersey Higher Education, retrieved January 27, 2012
- Diploma Mills, Missouri Department of Higher Education, retrieved January 27, 2012
- "Avoid Fake-Degree Burns By Researching Academic Credentials". U.S. Federal Trade Commission, Bureau of Consumer Protection. January 2005. Retrieved January 28, 2012.
- Purchases of Degrees from Diploma Mills (PDF) (Letter to Senator Susan M. Collins) (GAO-03-269R), United States General Accounting Office, November 21, 2002