The name of the province derives from the explorer Francisco de Orellana who it is told to have sailed from somewhere near the town to the Atlantic Ocean. He did this trip several times looking for the gold city of El Dorado and in search of a rumored Nutmeg forest which at the time was a very expensive spice. During his voyages he met a ferocious tribe of Indians who attacked his ships and many among them were women. This led to the naming of the river as the Amazon river. The province is divided in four cantons.
The jungle habitat that composes most of the territory, makes the province rely on exports of crude oil, and timber. its second most important source of income is tourism, offering jungle exploration, indigenous encounters, and rivers. Mining is placed as the third reliable source of income.