Orenco, Oregon

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Orenco, Oregon
Neighborhood
Former store in the older section of Orenco
Former store in the older section of Orenco
Coordinates: 45°31′43″N 122°54′40″W / 45.52861°N 122.91111°W / 45.52861; -122.91111Coordinates: 45°31′43″N 122°54′40″W / 45.52861°N 122.91111°W / 45.52861; -122.91111
Country United States
State Oregon
County Washington County
City Hillsboro
Time zone Pacific
ZIP code 97124
Area code(s) 503 and 971

Orenco (or en koh) is a former company town in Washington County, Oregon, United States, located between Hillsboro and Aloha. The former community of Orenco now forms the Orenco neighborhood in Hillsboro, which is the site of the Orenco Station housing development.

The community was established in 1905[1] as a company town by the Oregon Nursery Company, within a 1200 acre (4.9 km2) area owned by the company. The name Orenco is a composite of the company's initials.[1] The Oregon Electric Railway established Orenco Station in 1908, and Orenco post office operated from 1909 to 1963.[1] Of the original town, the church, a gas station, general store, and many original dwellings are still standing today.[citation needed] The Oregon Nursery Company shut down during the depression. Orenco later became part of Hillsboro. The company was responsible for introducing the Orenco Apple, a dessert apple, in the early 20th Century.[2]

Geography[edit]

Orenco is located in the Tualatin Valley, with Rock Creek and other smaller streams running through the area. Major roads in the area include U.S. Route 26, Cornelius Pass Road, Cornell Road, NW 231st Avenue, and Baseline Road.

Orenco's approximate location is northeast Hillsboro, north of Baseline Road, south of Cornell Road, west of Cornelius Pass Road, and east of Shute Road.

History[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 75
1920 335 346.7%
1950 313
1960 400 27.8%
1970 200 −50.0%
1980 450 125.0%
1990 450 0.0%
Source[3]

European American pioneers first arrived in the Orenco area in the mid-1850s, after the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850 encouraged settlers to travel to Oregon. The Orenco area was cleared by Chinese laborers employed by a number of local farmers.[citation needed]

At the turn of the century Archibald McGill and Malcolm McDonald formed the Oregon Nursery Company. In May 1906, the Oregon Nursery Company purchased 170 acres (0.69 km2) in Washington County, Oregon where they would begin building a large nursery operation.[4] In 1908, the town of Orenco was founded with the suggestion of the name coming from Anna Lisky McNew.[5] The townsite was largely on the Donation Land Claim of William H. Bennett.[6] Also in 1908, the Oregon Electric Railway began service on its line between Forest Grove and Portland.[5] The Orenco school district was formed on December 21, split from the Shute school district.[5] Many of the first families in the town were Hungarians the company recruited and relocated from the Eastern European country.[5] In 1909, the Orenco Presbyterian Church was founded in June.[6] By 1910 the town had grown to over 500 residents and on December 6 the community organized a volunteer fire department.[5]

H. V. Meade began printing the town’s paper, the Orenco Herald in 1914.[6] The next year Orenco built its city hall that contained both the fire department and a jail.[5] Enrollment at the school district reached 169 students by 1913.[5] On January 6, 1913, the residents voted to incorporate the community.[5] At this time the city consisted of a dry goods store, a hotel, two grocery stores, a blacksmith shop, a hardware store, a lumber yard, ice cream parlor, and a printing shop.[5] Services in the town were water, sewer, telephones, electricity, street lighting, and a third-class post office.[5]

In 1924, the city was the setting for a movie about the North-West Mounted Police by a Beaverton film studio.[5] The Oregon Electric Railway closed its train depot in the town in August 1928.[6] Then in 1929, the Great Depression helped lead to the dissolution of the Oregon Nursery Company.[5] With this many other businesses shut down and many residents moved away and in 1938, residents voted to dissolve the municipal corporation.[5]

Oregon Nursery Company founder Malcolm McDonald's home is still located on the north end of the property that was formerly The Orenco Woods Golf Course. The golf course, which opened in 1953 and was owned and operated by the Hillsboro Elks Lodge, until it was sold to developers and closed in 2006.[5]

Points of interest[edit]

Orenco Station Community

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Orenco has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 730. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956. 
  2. ^ Mendelson, Kathy. "World Class Plants from the Pacific Northwest". Local Plant Makes Good. Pacific Northwest Garden History. Retrieved 2006-11-10. 
  3. ^ Moffat, Riley Moore (1996). Population History of Western U.S. Cities and Towns, 1850-1990. Scarecrow Press. p. 214. 
  4. ^ Nursery company buys a big farm. Hillsboro Argus, May 31, 1906.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Slater, Francis. Orenco—Once Called 'Garden Spot'. Hillsboro Argus, May 13, 1965.
  6. ^ a b c d Hanberg, Lou. Orenco Heritage Series: Book One. 1992.
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Orenco, Oregon

External links[edit]