|Territory||Active in many parts of India
Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka, United Kingdom, United States, United Arab Emirates, Thailand, Malaysia
|Criminal activities||contract killing, counterfeiting, racketeering, drug trafficking, entryism, extortion, loan sharking, murder, human trafficking, money laundering, robbery, bootlegging, arms trafficking, gambling, bribery, prostitution, theft, skimming, illegal gambling, goldsmuggling and fraud|
The Indian Mafia is a term associated with criminal organisations such as those categorised as being part of the Indian Mafia. It can be utilised as a designation for any mafia 'syndicate' which orchestrates sophisticated criminal activities based in India. It also refers to those powerful families that have criminal aspects to it.
Main article: D-Company
D-Company is the name given to the organized crime group controlled by Dawood Ibrahim. It has been argued that the D-Company is not a stereotypical organized crime cartel in the strict sense of the word, but rather a collusion of sole criminal and terrorist groups based around Dawood Ibrahim's personal.[clarification needed]
Main article: Indo-Canadian organized crime
A major form of Indian organized crime are the foreign-based, Indo-Canadian criminal organizations, the vast majority of them being of Punjabi origin from the Jat Sikh community, whose exploits have led to over 100 gang deaths of young men of Indian descent in the country since the 1990s. Indo-Canadian gangs are one of Canada's major organized crime problems, ranked third behind motorcycle clubs and Aboriginal criminal groups. These criminal organizations are mainly active in the provinces of British Columbia, Ontario, and to a lesser extent Alberta.
Punjabi gangs also have a presence in the United Kingdom. For instance, in the Southall district of London two major criminal organizations named the Holy Smokes—dominated by Punjabis of Jat origin—and the Tooti Nungs—dominated by Punjabis from non-Jat castes—were in the 1990s involved in an organized crime rivalry over criminal activities such as extortion, fraud, protection racketeering and the heroin trade.
See also: Karim Lala
The Pathan mafia, a term coined by Mumbai law enforcement because of the majority of the crime syndicate's members were ethnic Pashtuns that immigrated from the Afghanistan's Kunar province, dominated organized crime in Mumbai from the 1940's till the 1980's. In the beginning they were led by Karim Lala, who's often called the founder of the Mumbai mafia, and operated in the Mumbai docks. They were especially involved in hashish trafficking, protection rackets, extortion, illegal gambling, gold smuggling and contract killing and held a firm stranglehold over Mumbai's underworld.
The Pathan mafia's reign ended when the elderly Karim Lala was replaced by his nephew and a myriad of younger gang members. The monopoly of the Pathans was challenged by a crime syndicate composed of local Indian gangsters led by ambitious Dawood Ibrahim, the later founder of the D-Company. This led to vicious gang wars in the 1980's with casualties on both sides, but which eventually ended the complete control over the Mumbai underworld of the Pathan mafia. The crime syndicate however is till active and still has a certain degree of influence in the city, albeit on a much smaller scale it used to have. They allegedly also have stakes in real estate which still occasionally brings them into conflict with the Indian gangs in the city.
Unrelated to the historical mafia in Mumbai, Pathan criminal organizations have also appeared in Europe. Cities such as Birmingham in the UK and Hamburg in Germany are the most notable ones. Especially in Hamburg, Afghan criminal organizations are active in hashish trafficking, protection rackets and Extortion and have directly rivalled the traditional underworld dominance of Albanian and Turkish-Kurdish gangs in the city. 
India is a major transit point for heroin from the Golden Triangle and Golden Crescent en route to Europe. India is also the world's largest legal grower of opium, and experts estimate that 5–10% of the legal opium is converted into illegal heroin and 8–10% is consumed in high quantities as concentrated liquid. The pharmaceutical industry is also responsible for a lot of illegal production of mandrax, much of which is smuggled into South Africa. Diamond smuggling via South Africa is also a major criminal activity, and diamonds are also sometimes used to disguise shipments of heroin. Finally, a lot of money laundering takes place in the country, mostly through the use of the traditional hawala system, although India has criminalised money laundering as of 2003. 
The Indian mafia is heavily involved in the Mumbai-based Bollywood film industry, providing films with funding and using them as fronts for other activities. It is rumoured that Dawood Ibrahim controls the film industry, and actors of other religious faiths are forced with threats to give way for his supporters. Although in recent times, police investigations have forced mobsters to make their activities more subtle, for most of Bollywood's existing stars openly displayed their mafia connections, attending parties with mafia dons and using their help to gain new roles.
- Crime in India
- Mafia Raj
- Mumbai Police Detection Unit
- Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act
- Indo-Canadian organized crime
- "Can Narendra Modi bring Dawood Ibrahim back to India from Pakistan?". dna. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Know about Haji Mastan, the first underworld don of Mumbai". www.indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "U.S. slaps sanctions against Chhota Shakeel, Tiger Memon". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2012-05-16.
- "Untitled Page". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Nations Hospitable to Organized Crime and Terrorism - Library of Congress report
- "Final film in Indian Gangster Trilogy a Must See". Cinema Strikes Back. 2005-08-24. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
- BBC News - Analysis - Bollywood and the mafia the most dangerous game in India and the world http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/3152662.stm