Organization of Chinese Americans
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (May 2012)|
|Motto||Embracing the hopes and aspirations of Asian Pacific Americans|
|Purpose||"To advance the social, political, and economic well-being of Asian Pacific Americans in the United States."|
|Membership||Representing over 10,000 people (Affiliate, College Affiliates, Young OCA, OCA Young Professionals, General membership)|
|Key people||Sharon Wong (President)
Tom Hayashi Executive Director
|Remarks||First and only national Pan-Asian Pacific American civil rights organization headquartered in D.C.|
Founded in 1973, OCA - Asian Pacific American Advocates (previously known as the Organization of Chinese Americans) is a national organization whose stated mission is to advance the social, political, and economic well-being of Asian Pacific Americans (APAs) in the United States. APAs now number more than 17 million.
In 2013, OCA's National Board of Directors passed a resolution to change its name to OCA - Asian Pacific American Advocates to reflect a more expansive mission to represent the pan-ethnic interests of the community.
- 1 Organization
- 2 Goals
- 3 History
- 4 Chapters
- 5 Controversies
- 6 National Convention
- 7 Programs
- 8 Research
- 9 Current projects
- 10 Notable members
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The OCA National Center is located in Dupont Circle in Washington, D.C. and serves as the headquarters for OCA. The national office and staff monitor legislation and policy issues affecting Asian Pacific Americans. In addition, OCA is able to build national support and to work in coalition with other national groups around issues affecting Asian Pacific Americans.
OCA takes no collective position on the politics of any foreign country, but instead focuses on the welfare and civil rights of Asian Pacific Americans in the United States.
The goals of OCA are to:
- Advocate for social justice, equal opportunity and fair treatment
- Promote civic participation, education, and leadership
- Advance coalitions and community building
- Foster cultural heritage
To achieve these goals, OCA is engaged in organizing 80 chapters and affiliates across the nation to develop both leadership and community involvement.
OCA was founded in 1973 to give voice and representation to Chinese Americans across the United States. Interest in civil rights advocacy had been growing in Chinese American communities since the late 1960s. OCA founders, among them Kung-Lee (K.L.) Wang, recognized a need for an organization to advocate for Chinese Americans on the national level in the same way as the NAACP and the JACL advocated for their respective ethnic groups.
In September 1971, K.L. Wang and others established the Chinese American Leadership Council, the precursor to OCA, in Washington, DC. K.L. Wang then traveled to many cities in the U.S. to promote a national advocacy organization for Chinese Americans. In November 1971, at the urging of K.L. Wang, Alex Mark chaired a steering committee to establish a national organization for Chinese Americans in Detroit, MI. By February 1972, the Association of Chinese Americans was established and incorporated in Detroit, with Alex Mark as its first president. In late 1971, K.L. Wang also met with a group of about 20 Chinese Americans in the St. Louis community. This meeting lead to the formation of the League of Chinese Americans in early 1972. William Chang was elected its first president.
On May 3, 1973, Alex Mark and K.L. Wang sent invitation letters for OCA membership to Chinese American communities in Detroit, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, and Washington, DC. These pioneering groups came together at the first National Convention on June 9, 1973. One hundred twelve delegates from across the nation attended the convention, in which the constitution, bylaws and the name of the organization were adopted. Pauline Tsui of Washington, DC, served as the convention committee chair. Anna Chennault was instrumental in recruiting support from Congress and the Administration. K.L. Wang was elected as its first national president. The Association of Chinese Americans in Detroit, while retaining its name, became a chapter. The original OCA in Washington, DC evolved as a distinct chapter with Harry Woo as its first president. The League of Chinese Americans in St. Louis also joined, becoming the third founding chapter of OCA.
OCA has 80 chapters across the United States. Each chapter develops its own outreach programs, ranging from educational seminars and Chinese language schools to voter registration drives. OCA chapters address a number of issues including inaccurate media portrayals of APAs, failed employment practices, hate crimes, and educational access.
2009: Miley Cyrus Incident
In early 2009, a photograph of Miley Cyrus circulated online in which she had the corners of her eyes pulled back, displaying a slant-eyed expression, while friends, including an Asian male, surrounding her posed in other manners. OCA was one of the first groups to respond to the photograph, by offering criticism and disapproval, hoping that "...Miley Cyrus will apologize to her fans and the APA community for this lapse in judgment and takes the opportunity to better understand why the gesture is offensive." A few days later Miley responded on her website defending her actions, saying that "in NO way was I making fun of any ethnicity!"  OCA Executive Director George Wu responded to Miley's response, by adding that, "It's not a real apology. We’re not backing down without a fuller apology." 
Since its founding in 1973, OCA has held the largest annual conference dedicated to APA issues. This conference is a platform for the recognition of unsung heroes of the APA community, exemplary local chapters, sponsors, summer interns, and current individuals making a difference in the APA community. Recognized individuals and speakers include former Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao, YouTube co-founder Steve Chen, and Congressman Mike Honda.
APIA U: Leadership 101
Sponsored by State Farm, OCA visits colleges and universities every Fall and Spring semester to conduct a college leadership training program for Asian Pacific American student leaders and activists. The program focuses on the development of leadership and organizational skills that are relevant to APA campuses and communities.
The interactive college leadership training program involves hands-on exercises, small group discussions, and presentations led by two qualified APIA facilitators. The one-day training assembles 60 students from each region and focuses on self-awareness, team-building, and direct action organizing. Participants are asked to challenge themselves, share their experiences, and develop leadership tools in order to serve effectively as catalysts for change.
OCA Internship Program
The OCA internship program was first established in 1989 and has been a flagship component of OCA's involvement with college youth. The internship program enables college interns to learn firsthand about national issues and policies that affect Asian Pacific Americans in Washington, DC. In particular, the competitive summer program is known for attracting the best and brightest college students, as it is a 10 week long program that places interns on Capitol Hill, at federal agencies, or at non-profit organizations (particularly APIA affiliated organizations).
In the past, the summer program has offered interns the opportunity to participate in brown bag lunches on key issues affecting Asian Pacific Americans such as immigration reform and health care, and has included visits to congressional office buildings, where interns meet with representatives, APA staffers, and members of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Interns have also met with members of various government agencies such as the United States Department of Justice, the United States Department of Defense, and even White House staff members and directors to discuss issues concerning civil rights and voting rights, especially as it pertains to the APIA community. In addition, summer interns have also assisted the OCA National staff and the host OCA chapter staff at the annual OCA National Convention.
The main internship placements are:
- The OCA National Office (Summer, Fall, Winter & Spring)
- Capitol Hill (Summer only)
- Federal Agencies (Summer only)
- Non-Profits (Summer only)
For over 10 years, OCA has provided assistance to deserving APA students achieve a college education. OCA partners with United Parcel Service, Verizon Wireless, and the AXA Foundation to offer a diverse group of scholarships based on the criteria of achievement and financial need.
College Affiliate Program (CAP)
OCA recognizes the need to support college student organizations and their communities, as they are the next wave of APIA leaders. In carrying out its mission, OCA has established the College Affiliate Program (CAP) to help provide foundations for networking, coalition building and activism in Asian Pacific America.
B3: Aspiring APA Professionals Program
This program aims to provide relevant professional development, peer networking and mentoring to aspiring APA professionals; expand BAC engagement, best practices and mentoring; and leverage venue for corporate employee resource group.
It was recently launched in the Fall of 2009.
A Portrait of Chinese Americans
In 2009, OCA and the Asian American Studies Program of the University of Maryland at College Park (UMCP) cooperated in creating a demographic study of Chinese Americans. Entitled A Portrait of Chinese Americans,, the study analyzed the latest population statistics and maps and found extraordinary socioeconomic diversity within the Chinese American population at odds with prevailing stereotypes. The study also found evidence of career limitations and unequal pay even for highly educated Chinese Americans, many of whom earned substantially less than their equally educated white counterparts.
APIA Scholarship, Internship, and Fellowship Directory
In July 2009, OCA, in collaboration with the JACL, State Farm, and the Asian American Studies Program of University of Maryland, College Park, produced the 2009-2011 National Directory of Scholarships, Internships, and Fellowships for Asian American and Pacific Islander Students. The Directory provided a 140-page, full-color description of the mission, criteria, award amount, period, application deadline, and contact information of each scholarship, internship, and fellowship for Asian American and Pacific Islander students.
- Helen Zia, Asian American scholar and civil rights activist
- Judy Chu, Congresswoman of California's 32nd congressional district
- Mike Honda, Congressman of California's 15th congressional district
- Christina Hsu, The Amazing Race Season 12 and Season 18 contestant, 2000 OCA Summer Intern
- "Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: 2010".
- Nadra Kareem Nittle. "The Asian-American Civil Rights Movement".
- "Chinese-Americans Told to be More Political".
- "OCA Facts and History".
- "OCA Chapters".
- "OCA Criticizes Singer Miley Cyrus for Mocking APA Community".
- "abcNews: Cyrus Defends Herself in 'Racist' Photo Fracas".
- "the Insider: OCA Still Not Happy with Miley Cyrus".
- "OCA APIA U: Leadership 101".
- "OCA National Internship Program".
- "OCA National Scholarships".
- "OCA College Affiliate Program".
- "OCA National Bamboo Program".
- "Major Study of Chinese Americans Debunks 'Model Minority' Myth".