Organization of the Kwantung Army

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Organization of the Kwantung Army of Japan

The following are commanders and units of the Japanese army which was stationed in the Kwantung peninsula of Manchuria from 1910 to 1945.

Contents

Officers attached to Kwantung Army HQ[edit]

Kwantung Army Railroad Service Commanders[edit]

  • Hatazō Adachi:- Commander, Kwantung Army Railroad Command
  • Shizuo Yokoyama:- Member, Railway Sector HQ, Kwantung Army, Commander, same Sector HQ

Officers attached to Kwantung Government-General Service[edit]

  • Sadao Araki:- Officer, Kwantung Government-General
  • Koiso Kuniaki:- Army Staff Officer, Kwantung Government
  • Jun Ushiroku:- Assigned to Kwantung Government-General

Deputy Chief of Kwantung Army Staff[edit]

Chiefs of Kwantung Army Staff[edit]

Members of Kwantung Army Staff[edit]

Kwantung Army Commanders (regular Army)[edit]

  • Kōtoku Satō:- during Nomonhan Incident in 1939 he led the 2nd Sector Unit, 8th Border Garrison Unit (Hailar). Then a Major General, he replaced the wounded commanding general of the 23rd Infantry' Group on the Nomonhan battle front
  • Michitarō Komatsubara:- Chief of 23d Division, and Japanese Commander in Nomonhan Incident
  • Kitsuju Ayabe:- Chief of Staff, First Area Army (Manchuria), Kwantung Army, North China Detachment, Staff Officer, Third Army (Manchuria)
  • Jo Iimura:- Commanding General, Fifth Army (Manchuria)
  • Kenzo Kitano:- Hunchun Garrison Commander (Manchuria)
  • Seiichi Kita:- Commanding General, First Area Army (Manchuria)
  • Masutaro Nakai:- Commander assigned to Manchuria Independent Garrison Unit
  • Korechika Anami:- Second Area Army Commander (Tsitsihar, Manchuria)
  • Nobuyoshi Obata:- Chief of Staff, Forty-fourth Army (Manchuria)
  • Jun Ushiroku:- Third Area Army Commander, Manchuria
  • Otozō Yamada:- 12th Division Commander (Tungning, Manchuria), Commanding General, Third Army (Mutanchiang, Manchuria)
  • Isamu Chō: Commanding Officer 74th Regiment, Manchuria
  • Noritsune Shimizu:- Lieutenant General, commander of Fifth Army (Mutanchiang)
  • Keisaku Murakami:- Commander in Third Army (Yenchi)
  • Mikio Uemura:- Chief in Fourth Army (Tsitsihar)
  • Shōjirō Iida:- Commander of Thirtieth Army (Hsinking)
  • Yoshio Hongo:- Forty-Four Army (Liaoyuan)
  • Kioji Tominaga:- 139th Division Commander (organized in Manchuria)
  • Tomoyuki Yamashita:- Led First Area Army (with HQ in Mutanchiang)
  • Yoshio Kozuki:- Commanded Second Army (Yenchi)
  • Jo Iimura: General Officer Commanding 5th Army, Manchuria
  • Shin Yoshida:- Led Mechanized Army with HQ in Ssupingchieh
  • Kitsuju Ayabe: Deputy Chief of Staff 3rd Army, Manchuria, Chief of Staff Kwantung Army and Chief of Staff 1st Area Army, Manchuria
  • Shōjirō Iida: General Officer Commanding 30th Army, Manchuria and General Officer Commanding 20th Army, Manchuria
  • Masaki Honda: General Officer Commanding 8th Division, Manchuria
  • Tamio Iwasaki: General Officer Commanding 111th Division, Manchuria
  • Torajiro Iwai: General Officer Commanding 108th Division, Manchuria
  • Sadao Inoue: General Officer Commanding 14th Division, Manchuria
  • Shunkichi Ikeda: General Officer Commanding 35th Division, Manchuria
  • Yoshio Hongo: General Officer Commanding 62nd Division, Manchuria and General Officer Commanding 44th Army, Manchuria
  • Hidezo Hitomi: General Officer Commanding 12th Division, Manchuria
  • Mamoru Hara: General Officer Commanding 9th Division, Manchuria
  • Koichi Abe: General Officer Commanding 107th Division, Manchuria
  • Shojikiro Amaya: General Officer Commanding 40th Division, Manchuria
  • Tatsumi Amamiya: General Officer Commanding 24th Division, Manchuria
  • Keiichi Arikawa: Commanding Officer Infantry Group 62nd Division, Manchuria

Kwantung Army Commander of Engineer Unit[edit]

  • Shozo Hirano: Commanding Officer 2nd Engineer Unit, Manchuria

Commander of 1st Special Tank Company in Harbin (1932) and Jehol (1933)[edit]

  • Captain Hyakutake:- Commander of 1st Special Tank Company during Harbin fight (Manchurian Incident) in 1932 and Jehol battle in 1933.

Commander of Yasuoka Task Force (armored group) in Nomonhan Incident (1939)[edit]

  • Yasuoka Masaomi:- Commander of Yasuoka Task Force. Between your units stayed the 3rd Tank Regiment, led by Colonel Yoshimaru and 4th Tank Regiment led for Colonel Tamada

Commander of 2nd Tank Group (Division) (Manchukuo)[edit]

  • Tasuku Okada:- Commander, 2nd Tank Group (Division) "Geki", Manchukuo

Commander of 1st Tank Brigade and 1st Armored Division[edit]

  • Koreo Hosomi: Commanding Officer 1st Tank Brigade, Manchuria
  • Toshimoto Hoshinato: General Officer Commanding 1st Armored Division, Manchuria

Commander of 1st Garrison Unit of Kwantung Army[edit]

  • Yoshio Ishino: Commanding Officer 1st Garrison Unit, Manchuria

Chief of Staff, Kwantung Defense Army[edit]

  • Nobuyoshi Obata:- Kwantung Army, Chief of Staff, Kwantung Defense Army
  • Tomoyuki Yamashita:- Commanding General, Kwantung Army Defense Army
  • Nobuyushi Muto: Commander in Chief Kwantung Army Defense Army

Kwantung Army Commander-in-Chief[edit]

  • Yoshinori Shirakawa: Commander in Chief Kwantung Army
  • Kenachi Ueda: Commander in Chief Kwantung Army
  • Taka Hishikari: Commander in Chief Kwantung Army
  • Shigeru Honjō:- Commander of Kwantung Army
  • Yoshitake Muraoka:- Commander of Kwantung Army
  • Nobuyushi Muto: Commander in Chief Kwantung Army
  • Senjuro Hayashi:- Commander of Kwantung Army
  • Jirō Minami:- Commanding General, Kwantung Army
  • Koiso Kuniaki:- Commander of Kwantung Army
  • Kenkichi Ueda:- Commander of Kwantung Army
  • Yoshijirō Umezu:- Commanding General, Kwantung Army, Commander-in-Chief, same army
  • Otozō Yamada:- Commander-in-Chief, Kwantung Army

Kwantung Army Commander of Port Arthur[edit]

  • Saburo Ando: Commandant of Port Arthur

Quartermaster-General Kwantung Army[edit]

  • Lieutenant-General Furuno: Quartermaster-General Kwantung Army, Manchuria

Commander of Kempeitai units, Kwantung Army[edit]

  • Keisuke Fujie:- Chief, General Affairs Bureau, Military Police, HQ, Kwantung Army, Commander, Kwantung Army Military Police
  • Shizuichi Tanaka:- Commander, Kwantung Army Military Police Units
  • Hideki Tōjō:- Commanding General, Military Police, Kwantung Army
  • Saburo Shimomura:- General of Japanese Gendarmerie section, Kempeitai detachment in Hsinking

Kwantung Army Chief of Manchu Secret Police[edit]

  • Toranosuke Hashimoto: Commanding Officer Manchu Secret Police, Hsinking, Manchuria (as branch of Kempeitain Intelligence in Manchukuo)

Kwantung Army experts in Strike South planning[edit]

  • Yoshihide Hayashi, Chief of Staff Unit 82 (Strike South planning), Manchuria
  • Isamu Chō, Vice Chief of Staff Unit 82 (Strike South planning), Manchuria

Commander in Kwantung Special Intelligence Service[edit]

  • Prince Tsuneyoshi Takeda:- Occult Commander-in-Chief of Japanese Secret Services in Manchukuo; also Imperial Family Liaison with Kwantung Army and Kempeitai Intelligence Services in land
  • Torashirō Kawabe:- Staff Officer (Operations; Intelligence), Kwantung Army
  • Kingoro Hashimoto:- Chief, Special Service Agency, Hailar, Kwantung Army
  • Michitarō Komatsubara:- Chief of the Special Service Agency at Harbin, Kwantung Army
  • Koiso Kuniaki:- concurrently Chief, Special Service Department, Kwantun Army
  • Nobuyoshi Obata:- Chief, Harbin Special Intelligence Agency, Kwantung Army
  • Tadashi Hanaya: Head of Special Services Agency Kwantung Army
  • Seikichi Hyakatuke: Head Harbin Special Services Agency, Manchuria
  • Kenji Doihara: Head Special Service Agency Kwantung Army

Commanders of the Imperial Japanese Army Air Service forces in the Kwantung Army[edit]

  • Torashirō Kawabe:- Commanding General, 7th Air Brigade (Manchuria), Commanding General, Second Air Army (Manchuria)
  • Captain Kamata:- commander of Kwantung Army Hane Air Unit

Air Squadrons of Kwantung Army and Manchukuoan Air Force[edit]

Kwantung Army Air units[edit]

  • 2nd Air Division
  • 2nd Air Brigade
  • 8th Air Brigade
  • 9th Air Brigade
  • 13th Air Brigade
  • 29th Air Brigade
  • 28th Independent Regiment

Combat Units[edit]

  • 15th Sentai
  • 104th Sentai
  • 25th Sentai
  • 81st Sentai
  • Hane Air Unit
  • 5th Sentai (with base in Hopei, fighting against Soviets probably in Chahar, Mengjiang area)

Training Units (also was operative used in combat)[edit]

  • 101st Sentai
  • 4th Sentai
  • 13th Sentai
  • 22nd Sentai
  • 23rd Sentai
  • 26th Sentai
  • 42nd Sentai
  • 24th Sentai
  • 5th Sentai

Manchoukouan Air Units[edit]

  • 1st Air Group
  • 2nd Air Group
  • 3rd Air Group
  • Training Air Group

Chief and Instructors in Kwantung Army Training Schools[edit]

  • Kenzo Kitano:- Commandant, Kungchuling Army School (Manchuria)
  • Kioji Tominaga:- Commandant, Kungchuling Army Tank School (Manchuria)

Operative units in Kwantung Army Training Schools[edit]

  • 1st Tank Army (Main Tank instruction unit)
  • 23rd Tank Regiment (Practice Tank unit)
  • 24th Tank Regiment (Practice Tank unit)

Japanese Official Ambassador to Manchukuo[edit]

  • Jirō Minami:- Kwantung Army - concurrently Ambassador to Manchukuo
  • Taka Hishikari:- Kwantung Army - Ambassador to Manchukuo
  • Tadashi Hanaya:- Head, Japanese Military Mission Manchukuo
  • Shun Akifusa:- Head, Harbin Military Mission

Adviser in Manchukuoan Military Administration Bureau[edit]

  • Takuma Shimoyama:-Headquarters-Adviser, Manchukuoan Military Administration Bureau

Officers in Kwantung Frontier Guards detachment[edit]

  • Shun Akifusa: Commanding Officer 4th Border Garrison Unit Manchuria
  • N.Imoto:- Kwantung Army Frontier Guard officer in service in Hiriyahari detachment HQ, no far less of frontier point N°25 in upper lands of Usachi River, in front at Komissarsky, in Soviet Side, Manchu-Russian frontier
  • Captain Ohki:- Commander, Artillery Unit/15th Border Guard Unit in Kotou Fortress located near Ussuri River in the Soviet-Manchurian border
  • Kōtoku Satō:- During Nomonhan Incident in 1939 he led the 2nd Sector Unit, 8th Border Garrison Unit (Hailar, Hsingan)
  • Ilasebe Riei:- Commander, 8th Border Guards unit

Participants in Changkufeng Incident (1938)[edit]

  • Kōtoku Satō COL - During the Changkufeng Incident in 1938, commanded the 75th Infantry Regiment

Participants in Nomonhan Incident (1939)[edit]

  • Aoyagi Kinichiro CPT - Commander, 5th Company, 2/28th Battalion
  • Azuma Shoji LTC - Acting Commander, 71st Infantry Regiment
  • Azuma Yaozo LTC - Commander, Reconnaissance Element, 23d Division
  • Ilasebe Riei COL - Commander, 8th Border Guards
  • Hattori Takushiro LTC - Staff Officer, Kwantung Army
  • Kajikawa Romiji MAJ - Commander, 2/28th Battalion
  • Komatsubara Michitaro LTG - Commander, 23rd Infantry Division
  • Morita Tetsuji COL - Commander, 71st Infantry Regiment
  • Muranaka Shoichi 1LT - Aide-de-camp, Commander, 2/28th Battalion
  • Nagano Eizo COL - Commander, 71st Infantry Regiment
  • Nakano Tomizo 2LT - Commander, 1st Platoon, 6th Company, 2/28th Bn
  • Nishinome Shogoro 2LT - Commander, 2nd Platoon, 6th Company, 2/28th Bn
  • Ogisu Rippei LTG - Commander, 6th Army
  • Sadakaji Tetsuo 1LT - Commander, Machine Can Company, 2/28th Btn
  • Saito Kiyokichi 1LT - Commander, 7th Company, 2/28th Btn
  • Sano Shoji 2LT - Commander, id Platoon, 5th Company, 2/28th Btn
  • Sawada Tetsuro 1LT - Commander, Weapons Platoon, 5th Company, 2/ 28th
  • Sumi Shinichiro COL - Commander, 26th Infantry Regiment Relieved
  • Suzuki Katsushi 2LT - Commander, 3rd Platoon, 7th Company, 2/28th Ed
  • Tahara Tamotsu 2LT - Commander, 1st Platoon, 5th Company, 2/28th Bn
  • Tokushima Masao 2LT - Commander, 2nd Platoon, 7th Company, 2/28th Bn
  • Tsuji Kiichi CPT - Commander, 6th Company, 2/28th Bn
  • Tsuji Masanobu MAJ - Staff Officer, Kwantung Army
  • Ueda Kenachi GEN - Commander, Kwantung Army
  • Yamagata Takemitsu COL - Commander, 64th Infantry Regiment
  • Yasuoka Masaomi LTG - Commander, Yasuoka Task Force
  • Colonel Yoshimaru - Commander of 3rd Tank Regiment, in the Yasuoka Task Force
  • Colonel Tamada - Commander of 4th Tank Regiment in the Yasuoka Task Force
  • Col. Ise - Commander of 13th Field Artillery Regiment
  • Major Gen. Hata - Commander of 3rd Field Heavy Artillery Brigade HQ
  • Col. Mishima - Commander of 1st Field Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • Col. Takatsukasa - Commander of 7th Independent Field Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • Lt. Col. Someya - Commander of Muling Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • Col. Miyao - Commander of 1st Independent Field Artillery Regiment
  • 1st Lt. Hitoshi Asano - twenty-two-victory IJAAF air ace against the Russians in Nomonhan

Organization of Manchukuoan Fortresses[edit]

Referring to defensive fortifications on the Russian-Manchu frontier line, this organization was led from Hsinking Fortress Command in the Manchoukoan capital, under the command of the Kwantung Army Commander.

The Kwantung Army laid plans for a border defense system in 1934, but construction work did not begin until 1935. During the early period (to 1938), four zones were fortified in East Manchuria, plus three in the north and one in the west.

  • Manchouli fortified district
  • Kotou fortified district
  • Fuyuan fortified district
  • Sungari fortified district and Japanese Army Sungari Flotilla
  • Hsinking fortified district/defense center
  • Tuntsiang defense center
  • Futsing fortified district with five permanent emplacements, a munitions depot and six mortar batteries
  • Sun’u fortified district with 20,000 Japanese officers and soldiers
  • Sansing fortified district

Kwantung Fortifications[edit]

These fortresses were in direct command of the Kwantung Army in the territory; also included Japanese Navy detachments in Dairen and Ryojun naval bases.

  • Port Arthur fortified district (now Liaoshun)
  • Dairen fortified district (now Dalian)
  • Ryojun fortified district (now Lushun)

Japanese Navy detachments in Kwantung Area[edit]

Ryojun Naval Station (Kwantung)[edit]

  • H.Ukita Commander of Ryojun Naval Guard District and Station; also the Japanese Navy's highest authority in Kwantung area, responsible for these units:
    • Ryojun Naval Base HQ
    • Ryojun Signal Unit
    • Ryojun Base Defense Unit
    • Ryojun Base Military Police
    • Ryojun Naval Barracks Service
    • Ryojun Port Duty Unit

50th Minesweeper Division (Ryojun)[edit]

  • R.Kurosaki Commander of 50th Minesweeper Division (Ryojun); under his leadership were these units:
    • Shanan Maru N 16
    • ? Maru

Commanders and members of Unit 731[edit]

Commander and members of Unit 100[edit]

Others similar units under Japanese Army Command[edit]

Operative units in Kwangtung Theatre Army[edit]

January 1937 to July 1937:

  • 1st, 2nd, 4th, 12th Divisions
  • 1st, 11th Independent Mixed Brigades
  • 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th Independent Garrisons
  • the Cavalry Group
  • IJA 3rd Cavalry Brigade
  • Kwangtung Army Flight Group
    • 10th, 11th, 12th, 15th, 16th Air Regiments

Direct Reporting Units[edit]

  • 10th Infantry Division
  • 28th Infantry Division
  • 29th Infantry Division
  • 23rd Tank Regiment
  • Botanko Artillery Regiment
  • 3rd Signal Regiment
  • Kwangtung Air Brigade

3rd Army[edit]

  • 9th Infantry Division
  • 12th Infantry Division
  • 57th Infantry Division
  • 1st Tank Brigade
  • 7th Artillery Command
  • 5th Separate Engineer Regiment
  • 9th Separate Engineer Regiment
  • 27th Separate Engineer Regiment
  • 33rd Truck Brigade
  • 49th Truck Brigade
  • 66th Truck Brigade
  • 67th Truck Brigade

4th Army[edit]

  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 44th Truck Brigade
  • 68th Truck Brigade
  • 5th Army
  • 11th Infantry Division
  • 24th Infantry Division
  • 2nd Armored Brigade
  • 8th Artillery Brigade
  • 7th Separate Engineer Regiment
  • 22nd Separate Engineer Regiment
  • 23rd Separate Engineer Regiment
  • 69th Truck Regiment
  • 70th Truck Regiment

6th Army[edit]

  • 14th Infantry Division
  • 23rd Infantry Division
  • 4th Signal Regiment
  • 47th Truck Brigade
  • 20th Army
  • 8th Infantry Division
  • 25th Infantry Division
  • 5th Artillery Brigade
  • 34th Truck Brigade
  • 64th Truck Brigade

1st Armored Group (Division)[edit]

  • Nickname: "Taku" (Development)

Formed in December 1941 in Poli, Manchuria. Renamed a Division in June 1942.

  • 1st Tank Regiment
  • 3rd Tank Regiment
  • 5th Tank Regiment
  • 9th Tank Regiment

2nd Armored Group (Division)[edit]

  • Nickname: "Geki" (Hit)

Formed in December 1941 in Mutangchiang, Manchuria. Renamed a Division in June 1942.

  • 6th Tank Regiment
  • 7th Tank Regiment
  • 10th Tank Regiment
  • 11th Tank Regiment