Organized Crime Control Act

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Organized Crime Control Act
Great Seal of the United States.
Other short title(s) Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act
Long title An Act relating to the control of organized crime in the United States.
Colloquial acronym(s)
  • OCCA
  • RICO
Nickname(s) Organized Crime Control Act of 1970
Enacted by the  91st United States Congress
Effective October 15, 1970
Citations
Public Law 91-452
Stat. 84 Stat. 922-3
Codification
Title(s) amended 18 U.S.C.: Crimes and Criminal Procedure
U.S.C. sections created
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the Senate as S. 30 by John L. McClellan (DAR)
  • Passed the Senate on January 23, 1970 (74-1)
  • Passed the House on October 7, 1970 (341-26)
  • Signed into law by President Richard Nixon on October 15, 1970

The Organized Crime Control Act of 1970 (Pub.L. 91–452, 84 Stat. 922 October 15, 1970), was an Act of Congress sponsored by Democratic Senator John L. McClellan[1] and signed into law by U.S. President Richard Nixon.

The Act was the product of two sets of hearings in the Senate, the Select Committee on Improper Activities in Labor and Management hearings of 1957-1959 and the McClellan hearings of 1962-1964.

The Act prohibits the creation or management of a gambling organization involving five or more people if it has been in business more than 30 days or accumulates $2,000 in gross revenue in a single day. It also gave grand juries new powers, permitted detention of unmanageable witnesses, and gave the U.S. Attorney General authorization to protect witnesses, both state and federal, and their families.[2] This last measure helped lead to the creation of WITSEC, an acronym for witness security.

Part of the Act created the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williams, Nancy A. and Whayne, Jeannie M. Arkansas Biography: A Collection of Notable Lives. Little Rock, Ark.: University of Arkansas Press, 2000. ISBN 1-55728-587-X
  2. ^ Kelly, Robert J.; Chin, Ko-lin; and Schatzberg, Rufus. Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1994. ISBN 0-313-28366-4
  3. ^ Levy, Leonard Williams. A License to Steal: The Forfeiture of Property. Chapel Hill, N.C.: UNC Press, 1995. ISBN 0-8078-2242-6; Batista, Paul A. Civil RICO Practice Manual. 3rd ed. New York: Aspen Publishers, 2007. ISBN 0-7355-6782-4