Orgburo

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The Orgburo (Russian: Оргбюро́; also known as the Organisational Bureau, організаційне бюро, Organіzatsіyne byuro) of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union existed from 1919–52, until it was abolished at the 19th Congress of the Communist Party and its functions were transferred to the enlarged Secretariat.[1]

Role[edit]

Orgburo was created to make important decisions about organisational work in the Soviet Union. It oversaw the work of local party committees and had the power to select and place Communist members in the positions that they saw fit.[1] The functions of the Orgburo and the Politburo were often interconnected, but the latter was ultimately the final decision-maker. While the Politburo was mostly concerned with strategic planning and monitoring of the people and status of the country, the Orgburo was tasked with overseeing the party cadre and its assignment to various positions and duties, presumably in furtherance of the government's strategic agenda.[1]

Election and chronology[edit]

In the same manner as the Politburo and the Secretariat, the Orgburo was elected at plenary sessions of the Central Committee.[1] One of the Central Committee secretaries supervised the work of the Orgburo. The first Orgburo of three members (Vladimirsky, Krestinsky and Sverdlov) was elected on January 16, 1919, at the Central Committee meeting.[1][2] The 8th party congress (March 8, 1919 - March 23, 1919) amended the party charter and set up provisions for election of the Politburo, the Orgburo and the Secretariat.[1][2] The Central Committee plenum elected the new Orgburo of five members and of one candidate member on March 25, 1919. Some key Communist politicians such as Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich and others were both members of the Orgburo and of the Politburo, but most of the Orgburo members were less important figures than those elected to the Politburo and the Secretariat.[1][2]

Date Event
16 Jan 1919 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Vladimirsky, Krestinsky, Sverdlov (died 25 Mar 1919)
25 Mar 1919 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Beloborodov, Krestinsky, Serebryakov, Stalin, Stasova; candidate member: Muranov
29 Nov 1919 Kalinin elected full member at the Central Committee plenum
5 Apr 1920 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Krestinsky, Preobrazhensky, Rykov, Serebryakov, Stalin
16 Mar 1921 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Komarov, V.Mikhaylov, Molotov, Rykov, Stalin, Tomsky, Yaroslavsky; candidate members: Dzerzhinsky, Kalinin, Rudzutak
28 May 1921 Politburo approved Zalutsky, Kutuzov, Shmidt as candidate members
8 Aug 1921 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Dzerzhinsky, Zalutsky, V.Mikhaylov, Molotov, Rudzutak, Rykov, Stalin; candidate members: Kalinin, Kutuzov, Shmidt
3 Apr 1922 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Andreyev, Dzerzhinsky, Kuibyshev, Molotov, Rykov, Stalin, Tomsky; candidate members: Zelensky, Kalinin, Rudzutak
26 Apr 1923 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Andreyev, Dzerzhinsky, Molotov, Rudzutak, Rykov, Stalin, Tomsky; candidate members: Zelensky, Kalinin, V.Mikhaylov
25 Sep 1923 Zinoviev and Trotsky elected full members, Bukharin and Korotkov candidate members at the Central Committee plenum
02 Jun 1924 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Andreyev, Bubnov, Voroshilov, Dogadov, Zelensky, L.Kaganovich, Kalinin, Molotov, Nikolayeva, Smirnov, Stalin; candidate members: Antipov, Dzerzhinsky, Lepse, Tomsky, Chaplin, Frunze (died 31 Oct 1925)
20 Aug 1924 Zelensky relieved of duties at the Central Committee plenum; Uglanov elected full member
01 Jan 1926 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Andreyev, Artyuhina, Bubnov, Dogadov, Yevdokimov, Kviring, Kosior, Molotov, Smirnov, Stalin, Uglanov; candidate members: Lepse, V.Mikhaylov, Ukhanov, Chaplin, Shmidt
09 Apr 1926 Yevdokimov relieved of duties at the Central Committee plenum; Shvernik elected full member
16 Apr 1927 Shvernik and Kviring relieved of duties at the Central Committee plenum; Kubyak, Sulimov and Rukhimovich elected full members, Lobov elected candidate member
19 Dec 1927 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Andreyev, Artyuhina, Bubnov, Dogadov, Kosior, Kubyak, Molotov, Moskvin, Rukhimovich, Smirnov, Stalin, Sulimov, Uglanov; candidate members: Kotov, Lepse (died 06 Oct 1929), Lobov, V.Mikhaylov, Ukhanov, Chaplin, Shmidt
11 Apr 1928 Andreyev relieved of duties at the joint plenum of the Central Committee and the Central Control Commission; Bauman elected full member, Antipov elected candidate member
12 Jul 1928 Kosior relieved of duties at the Central Committee plenum; L.Kaganovich elected full member
29 Apr 1929 Uglanov relieved of duties at the Central Committee plenum
17 Nov 1929 Gamarnik elected full member at the Central Committee plenum; Shvernik elected candidate member
13 Jul 1930 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Akulov, Bauman, Bubnov, Gamarnik, L.Kaganovich, Lobov, Molotov, Moskvin, Postyshev, Stalin, Shvernik; candidate members: Dogadov, Kosarev, Smirnov, Tsikhon
21 Dec 1930 Molotov relieved of duties at the joint plenum of the Central Committee and the Central Control Commission
02 Oct 1932 Akulov, Bauman and Dogadov relieved of duties at the Central Committee plenum
12 Jan 1933 Smirnov relieved of duties at the joint plenum of the Central Committee and the Central Control Commission
10 Feb 1934 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Gamarnik (committed suicide 31 May 1937), Yezhov, Zhdanov, L.Kaganovich, Kirov (assassinated 01 Dec 1934), Kosarev (arrested 29 Nov 1938, executed 23 Feb 1939), Kuibyshev (died 25 Jan 1935), Stalin, Stetsky (arrested Apr 1938, executed 01 Aug 1938), Shvernik; candidate members: M.Kaganovich, Krinitsky (executed 30 Oct 1937)
10 Mar 1935 Andreyev approved full member by questionnaire
14 Jan 1938 Mekhlis elected full member at the Central Committee plenum
22 Mar 1939 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Andreyev, Zhdanov, L.Kaganovich, Malenkov, Mekhlis, N.Mikhaylov, Stalin, Shvernik, Shcherbakov (died 10 May 1945)
18 Mar 1946 Orgburo elected by the Central Committee: Aleksandrov, Andrianov, Bulganin, Zhdanov (died 31 Aug 1948), A.Kuznetsov, V.Kuznetsov, Malenkov, Mekhlis, N.Mikhaylov, Patolichev, Popov, Rodionov, Stalin, Suslov, Shatalin
24 May 1947 Patolichev relieved of duties by questionnaire
07 Mar 1949 A.Kuznetsov and Rodionov relieved of duties by questionnaire
10 Mar 1949 Chernousov approved full member by questionnaire
Oct 1952 Orgburo abolished at the CPSU 19th Party Congress and duties transferred to Secretariat

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Orgburo". 
  2. ^ a b c "Chronology".