||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (April 2011)|
|Author(s)||Gary Gygax, David "Zeb" Cook, and François Marcela-Froideval|
|Media type||Print (Hardback)|
|Dewey Decimal||794 19|
|LC Classification||GV1469.62.D84 G95 1985|
Oriental Adventures (abbreviated OA) is the title shared by two hardback rulebooks published for different versions of the Dungeons & Dragons (D&D) fantasy roleplaying game. Each version of Oriental Adventures provides rules for adapting its respective version of D&D for use in campaign settings based on the Far East, rather than the medieval Europe-setting assumed by most D&D books. Both versions of Oriental Adventures include example campaign settings.
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons 
The original Oriental Adventures (ISBN 0-88038-099-3) was written by Gary Gygax, David "Zeb" Cook, and François Marcela-Froideval, and published in 1985 by TSR, Inc. as a 144-page hardcover for use with the Advanced Dungeons & Dragons (AD&D) 1st edition rules. The book was edited by Steve Winter, Mike Breault, Anne Gray, and Thad Russell. The book's cover art was by Jeff Easley, with interior illustrations by Roger Raupp, James Holloway, Easley, and Dave Sutherland.
The book provides rules for ten character classes and three races to be used in place of standard AD&D classes and races. The book presents new versions of the barbarian (here a steppe warrior or forest and jungle dweller) and monk, as well as new classes such as the ninja, kensai, wu-jen, and shukenja.
Kensai "seek to perfect their weapons technique to the exclusion of all else. They are deadly in combat, but cannot use magical weaponry because it detracts from the appreciation of their skill". Wu-jen are magic-users who must obey their personal taboos to avoid losing all spell powers, and shukenja are clerics that become penalized if they kill enemies too freely. A ninja character must take one of the other classes as well as the ninja class, as in keeping with their secret nature, ninja use their normal class as a cover identity; a ninja must be careful to keep his identity secret, as loss of honor (and sudden death) may occur if the PC is unmasked. The other classes introduced in the book are the sohei, the bushi (peasant warriors), the samurai, and the yakuza. The three new character races are the korobokuru (equivalent to dwarves, without the bad temper and greediness), the hengeyokai (intelligent animals who can shape-change into human form), and the spirit folk (humanoids whose life force is tied to a particular location). The book draws on the history of China, Korea, and Japan, and covers information on families, clans, caste, and honor.
The original Oriental Adventures introduced two major innovations to the AD&D system. Although previous TSR publications (such as Deities & Demigods) had touched on using non-European settings for the game, Oriental Adventures was the first official supplement entirely devoted to roleplaying in a non-Western setting. Oriental Adventures also introduced a new game mechanic to Dungeons & Dragons; it was the first official supplement to include rules for non-weapon proficiencies. Every character is expected to possess proficiencies in the noncombat arts, and include skills such as calligraphy, etiquette, animal handling, iaijutsu (fast draw), and bowyer. Both non-weapon proficiencies and non-European settings were explored in more detail in 2nd edition AD&D rules.
The book included an honor system, in which honor points are lost when a character fails to behave in a correct fashion or uphold the family name; eventually the character sheet is simply thrown away, if such behavior continues. Personal honor is also reflected in the honor a character's family. The character's family background is also determined by a system which generates a character's immediate family and ancestors, which determines family honor and status, and also provides characters with their birthrights.
The book includes detailed rules for karate and other martial arts styles, and allows the Dungeon Master to construct new martial arts styles and techniques by choosing from a range of menu options. All characters may study martial arts, providing they can find masters to teach them, although monks and shukenja start their adventuring lives with some martial arts training. Each character classes also has its own unique ki powers, which become more effective as characters increase in levels.
The original Oriental Adventures includes a long background section on the fantasy setting known as Kara-Tur. Kara-Tur was later made a continent of Abeir-Toril. TSR went on to produce eight adventure modules using the Oriental Adventures rules and the Kara-Tur setting.
Gary Gygax intended to incorporate the material from Oriental Adventures into revised versions of the Players Handbook and Dungeon Masters Guide, but left TSR shortly after announcing the project. Oriental Adventures was TSR's biggest seller in 1985. Little if any material from Oriental Adventures was incorporated into the AD&D 2nd Edition core books, and Oriental Adventures itself was never revised for the 2nd Edition.
Ashley Shepherd reviewed Oriental Adventures for issue No. 74 of White Dwarf magazine, giving it an overall rating of 9 out of 10. Shepherd felt that the book was not so much a sourcebook as "a completely new version of AD&D. The old stand-bys of the AD&D system are still in the rules, but the elements have been intelligently modified to produce something that is far greater than the sum of its parts." The reviewer felt that the character classes all had a twist which makes them interesting and worth playing, noting that the monk is in its proper Eastern context, and said the ninja was the best version the reviewer had seen.
Shepherd stated that the skill system of "proficiency slots" was a "sensible extension of the character rules, and should be extended to cover the whole system, not just this Eastern supplement". Shepherd also felt that the honor system was a good touch, and that the real strength of the new martial arts system was that the Dungeon Master was now able to construct any number of new styles. Shepherd compared the sourcebook favorably with Bushido, another oriental role-playing game of the time, feeling that Oriental Adventures was a better choice as a game system. Shepherd concluded the review by saying, "By remaining compatible with the rest of AD&D, Dave Cook has written an excellent set of rules which should be very popular. Oriental Adventures has even persuaded me to start playing AD&D again."
Jim Bambra reviewed Oriental Adventures for Dragon magazine #134 (June 1988). Bambra felt that with Oriental Adventures, the AD&D game made the transition to the Orient, and "it makes the change with style", complete with new character classes and spells that "admirably capture the flavor of the Orient, and the inclusion of nonhuman character types". Bambra felt that the book's martial artist system "really shines", as it "gives practitioners a wide range from which to choose and adds a very interesting dimension to combat". He concluded that "Oriental Adventures is solidly Oriental in feel and is an excellent addition to the AD&D game."
Other releases 
Several products with the Oriental Adventures logo have been released. This included a series of modules numbered OA1 to OA7, the first five of which (Swords of the Daimyo, Night of the Seven Swords, Ochimo: The Spirit Warrior, Blood of the Yakuza, and Mad Monkey vs. the Dragon Claw) were released for first edition AD&D. The sixth module (Ronin Challenge) was released for second edition, as was the seventh module (Test of the Samurai) which did not have the Oriental Adventures logo. The last three of these modules also had the Forgotten Realms logo. The Kara-Tur: The Eastern Realms boxed set, also for Forgotten Realms, was billed as an expansion for Oriental Adventures. Also released for second edition was a volume for the Monstrous Compendium series.
Dungeons & Dragons 3rd edition 
Cover of Oriental Adventures
|Publisher||Wizards of the Coast|
|Publication date||October 2001|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover)|
The second version of Oriental Adventures (ISBN 0-7869-2015-7) was written by James Wyatt and published by Wizards of the Coast in October 2001. The cover art is by Raven Mimura, with interior art by Matt Cavotta, Larry Dixon, Cris Dornaus, David Martin, Raven Mimura, Wayne Reynolds, Darrell Riche, Richard Sardinha, Brian Snoddy, and Arnie Swekel. It uses the D&D 3rd Edition rules. The book includes five new races, including the spirit folk, nezumi, and vanara, five new classes, over two dozen new prestige classes, one hundred new spells, and seventy-five new monsters. The featured campaign setting of this edition is Rokugan, a campaign setting originally created for the game Legend of the Five Rings.
The second Oriental Adventures won the 2002 Ennie Award for "Best Campaign Setting".
In 2005, AEG dropped the D20 version of Legend of the Five Rings (and 3rd edition Oriental Adventures with it). The main reason was because the 3rd Edition Oriental Adventures rulebook was out of print.
Dungeons & Dragons 4th edition 
A number of the monsters from the Oriental Adventures setting, such as the oni, have been included in the Monster Manual. Wizards of the Coast has not announced if Oriental Adventures will be released, or if player classes such as the ninja, samurai, shukenja, sohei, and wu jen will appear in future products. The shaman is in the Player's Handbook 2 as a leader based on the primal power source. The monk appears in Player's Handbook 3.
- "Dungeons & Dragons FAQ". Wizards of the Coast. Archived from the original on April 6, 2010. Retrieved October 3, 2008.
- Schick, Lawrence (1991). Heroic Worlds: A History and Guide to Role-Playing Games. Prometheus Books. p. 109. ISBN 0-87975-653-5.
- Bambra, Jim (June 1988). "Role-playing Reviews". Dragon (Lake Geneva, Wisconsin: TSR) (#134): 76–77.
- Shepherd, Ashley (February 1986). "Open Box: Dungeon Modules". White Dwarf (Games Workshop) (74): 9–10. ISSN 0265-8712.
- * David Cook, "Oriental opens new vistas", Dragon 104:20-21, Dec 1985.
- Gary Gygax, "The future of the game", Dragon 103:8-10, Nov 1985.
- Gary Gygax, "From the Sorcerer's Scroll", Dragon 122:40, Oct 1987.
- "The History of TSR". Wizards of the Coast. Archived from the original on 2008-10-04. Retrieved 2005-08-20.
- Wyatt, James. Oriental Adventures (Wizards of the Coast, 2001)
- The ENnie Awards - 2002 ENnie Archive, retrieved June 17, 2006.
- "Character Themes: Fringes of Kara-Tur", Dragon #404
- "Character Themes: Samurai and Yakuza", Dragon #404
- "Class Acts: The Assassin - Secrets of the Ninja", Dragon #404
Further reading 
- "...And a Step Beyond That", Dragon #122
- "A Menagerie of Martial Arts", Dragon #127
- "A Step Beyond Shogun...", Dragon #122
- "Flying Feet and Lightning Hands", Dragon #164
- "Hand-to-Hand Against the Rules", Dragon #139
- "New Kicks in Martial Arts", Dragon #136
- "Sage Advice", Dragon #121
- "Sage Advice", Dragon #122
- "Sage Advice", Dragon #151
- "Taking the Mystery Out of the Orient: Updates and Errata for Oriental Adventures", Footprints #9
- "Things Your Sensei Never Taught You", Dragon #164
- Kohler, Alan D. Oriental Adventures capsule review, retrieved June 1, 2006