Oriental Club

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The Oriental Club
Founded 1824
Home Page www.orientalclub.org.uk
Address Stratford House,

Stratford Place, WC1

Clubhouse occupied since 1962
Club established for East India Company officers
The Oriental Club, at the end of Stratford Place, as seen from Oxford Street. On the right, the flags of Botswana and Tanzania mark their High Commissions in the UK

The Oriental Club in London is a traditional private members' club established in 1824 that now admits both gentlemen and ladies to membership. It is located in Stratford Place, near Oxford Street and Bond Street, London W1.

Foundation[edit]

The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany reported in its April, 1824, issue[1]

The founders included the Duke of Wellington and General Sir John Malcolm,[2] and in 1824 all the Presidencies and Provinces of British India were still controlled by the Honourable East India Company.

History and membership[edit]

The early years of the club, from 1824 to 1858, are detailed in a book by Stephen Wheeler published in 1925, which contains a paragraph on each member of the club up to 1858.[3]

James Grant said of the club in The Great Metropolis (1837)[4]

On 29 July 1844, two heroes of the First Anglo-Afghan War, Sir William Nott and Sir Robert Sale, were elected as members of the club by the Committee as an "extraordinary tribute of respect and anticipating the unanimous sentiment of the Club".[5]

On 12 January 1846, a special meeting at the club in Hanover Square presided over by George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland, a former Governor-General of India, paid a public tribute to the dying Charles Metcalfe, 1st Baron Metcalfe, which Sir James Weir Hogg described as "a wreath upon his bier".[6]

With the formation of the East India Club in 1849, the link with the Honourable East India Company began to decline.[7]

In 1850, Peter Cunningham wrote in his Hand-Book of London[8]

In 1861, the club's Chef de cuisine, Richard Terry, published his book Indian Cookery, stating that his recipes were "gathered, not only from my own knowledge of cookery, but from Native Cooks".[9][10]

Charles Dickens, Jr., reported in Dickens's Dictionary of London (1879)[11]

In 1889, the words "Noblemen, Members of Parliament and Gentlemen of the first distinction and character" appeared in the club's own Rules and Regulations, and the total number of members was limited to eight hundred.[12]

When Lytton Strachey joined the club in 1922, at the age of forty-two, he wrote to Virginia Woolf[13][14]

Stephen Wheeler's 1925 book Annals of the Oriental Club, 1824–1858 also contains a list of the members of the club in the year 1924, with their years of election and their places of residence.[3]

In 1927, R. A. Rye could write of the club's library – "The library of the Oriental Club... contains about 4,700 volumes, mostly on oriental subjects",[15] while in 1928 Louis Napoleon Parker mentioned in his autobiography "...the bald and venerable heads of the members of the Oriental Club, perpetually reading The Morning Post.[16]

In 1934, the novelist Alec Waugh wrote of[17]-

Another writer recalling the club in the 1970s says[18]

The Club now says on its web site that it has "moved gently into the 21st century, providing modern facilities". Full membership is open to both Ladies and Gentlemen, proposed and seconded by existing members. Associate membership is open to the spouse or partner of a full member.[2] Within the club there are now eleven specialist Societies for members, for those with an interest in various sports and pastimes (Bridge, Billiards, Chess, Golf, Game Shooting, Music, Racing, Sports, Sailing), Younger Members and the eleventh, formed in 2011, for those interested in Wine.[19]

As of 2011, the membership subscription costs between £240 and £850 per year, with a £120 rate for younger members and £140 for associate members. The entrance fee is an additional £850, but is waived for younger members as well as those over 70 years of age. Members over 65 and of 10 years standing pay a reduced membership fee [1].

Club houses[edit]

The Indian elephant is the symbol of the club

In its monthly issue for June 1824, The Asiatic Journal reported that "The Oriental Club expect to open their house, No. 16, Lower Grosvenor Street, early in June. The Members, in the mean time, are requested to send their names to the Secretary as above, and to pay their admission fee and first year's subscription to the bankers, Messrs Martin, Call and Co., Bond Street."[20]

The club's first purpose-built club house, in Hanover Square, was constructed in 1827–1828 and designed by Philip Wyatt and his brother Benjamin Dean Wyatt.[21]

Edward Walford, in his Old and New London (Volume 4, 1878) wrote of the Hanover Square club house[22]

The club remained in Hanover Square until 1961. The club house there was in use for the last time on 30 November 1961.[23]

Early in 1962, the club moved into its present club house, Stratford House in Stratford Place, just off Oxford Street, London W1C, having bought the property for conversion in 1960.[2][24]

The central range of Stratford House was designed by Robert Adam and was built between 1770 and 1776 for Edward Stratford, 2nd Earl of Aldborough, who paid £4,000 for the site.[24] It had previously been the location of the Lord Mayor of London's Banqueting House, built in 1565.[24] The house remained in the Stratford family until 1832.[25] It belonged briefly to Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, a son of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.[18] The house was little altered until 1894, when its then owner, Mr Murray Guthrie, added a second storey to the east and west wings and a colonnade in front.[24] In 1903, a new owner, the Liberal politician Sir Edward Colebrook, later Lord Colebrooke, reconstructed the Library to an Adam design. In 1908, Lord Derby bought a lease and began more alterations, removing the colonnade and adding a third storey to both wings. He took out the original bifurcated staircase (replacing it with a less elegant single one), demolished the stables and built a Banqueting Hall with a grand ballroom above.[24]

In 1960, the Club began to convert its new property. The ballroom was turned into two floors of new bedrooms, further lifts were added, and the banqueting hall was divided into a dining room and other rooms.[24] The club now has a main drawing room, as well as others, a members' bar, a library and an ante-room, a billiards room, an internet suite and business room, and two (non)smoking rooms, as well as a dining room and 32 bedrooms.[18][26][27]

Stratford House is a Grade I listed building.[28]

The flag flying above the club house bears an Indian elephant, which is the badge of the club.[18]

Art collection[edit]

The club possesses a fine collection of paintings, including many early portraits of Britons in India such as Warren Hastings.[29] The Bar is overlooked by a painting of Tippu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore (1750–1799).[18] There are portraits of the club's principal founders, the first Duke of Wellington (by H. W. Pickersgill) and Sir John Malcolm (by Samuel Lane). Other portraits include Lord Cornwallis (1738–1805), also by Samuel Lane, Sir Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy, 1st Baronet (1783–1859), by John Smart, Clive of India (1725–1774) by Nathaniel Dance-Holland, Major-General Stringer Lawrence by Sir Joshua Reynolds, Major General Sir Thomas Munro, 1st Baronet (1761–1827), by Ramsay Richard Reinagle, Edward Stratford, second Earl of Aldborough (died 1801) by Mather Brown, Mehemet Ali, Pasha of Egypt (c. 1769–1849) and General Sir William Nott, both by Thomas Brigstocke, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne (1845–1927) by Sydney P. Kenrick after John Singer Sargent, Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Strachey (1817–1908) by Lowes Dickinson (the bequest of his widow, Jane Maria Strachey), Charles Metcalfe, 1st Baron Metcalfe by F. R. Say, Thomas Snodgrass by an unknown artist, and a bust of the first Lord Lake.[30]

President of the Club[edit]

The Duke of Wellington, first and only President of the club

After Wellington's death in 1852, no further Presidents were appointed.[31]

Chairmen of the Committee[edit]

  • 1837: Sir Pulteney Malcolm GCB RN (brother of the founder, Sir John Malcolm)[4]
  • 1843: Major-General Sir J. L. Lushington[32]
  • 1918: C. A. MacDonald[33]
  • 1932–1933: Sir Reginald Mant[34]
  • 1951: Sir Charles Innes (Governor of Burma, 1927–1932)[34]
  • 1954 and 1958–1962: Sir Arthur Bruce[35]

Founding Committee[edit]

The first club Committee of 1824 included:

Notable members[edit]

Members in fiction[edit]

  • Early in William Makepeace Thackeray's novel Vanity Fair (1848), Thackeray says of Joseph Sedley that "...he dined at fashionable taverns (for the Oriental Club was not as yet invented)."[48] By the time of Sedley's return from India in 1827, "His very first point, of course, was to become a member of the Oriental Club, where he spent his mornings in the company of his brother Indians, where he dined, or whence he brought home men to dine."[49][50]
  • In Thackeray's The Newcomes (1855), Colonel Thomas Newcome and Binnie are members of the Oriental Club.[51] Writing of Thackeray, Francis Evans Baily says "...the Anglo-Indian types in his novels, including Colonel Newcome, were drawn from members of the Oriental Club in Hanover Square".[52]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Baillie, Alexander F., The Oriental Club and Hanover Square (London, Longman, Green, 1901, 290 pp, illustrated)
  • Wheeler, Stephen (ed.), Annals of the Oriental Club, 1824–1858 (London, The Arden Press, 1925, xvi + 201 pp)
  • Forrest, Denys Mostyn, The Oriental: Life Story of a West End Club (London, Batsford, 1968, 240 pp)
  • Riches, Hugh A History of the Oriental Club (London, Oriental Club, 1998)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany for April 1824, p. 473 online at books.google.com (accessed 28 January 2008)
  2. ^ a b c _A Quiet Oasis in the Centre of London – main page of the Oriental Club's official web site (accessed 27 January 2008)
  3. ^ a b Wheeler, Stephen (ed.), Annals of the Oriental Club, 1824–1858 (London, The Arden Press, 1925, xvi + 201pp)
  4. ^ a b Grant, James, The Great Metropolis (1837), pp. 136–137, online at The Great Metropolis By James Grant at books.google.com (accessed 28 January 2008)
  5. ^ a b c Forrest, op. cit. p. 66
  6. ^ a b Metcalfe, Charles Theophilus Metcalfe, The Life and Correspondence of Charles, Lord Metcalfe (1858) pp 429–431
  7. ^ Graves, Charles, Leather Armchairs: The Chivas Regal Book of London Clubs (London, Cassell & Co., 1963, with foreword by P. G. Wodehouse)
  8. ^ Cunningham, Peter, Hand-Book of London, 1850, online at Victorian London – Entertainment and Recreation – Clubs – Oriental Club (accessed 28 January 2008)
  9. ^ Terry, Richard, Indian Cookery, by Richard Terry, Chef-de-Cuisine at the Oriental Club (London, 1861, new edition ed. by Janet Clarke, Reprint Southover Press, 1998
  10. ^ Collingham, Elizabeth & Lizzie, Curry: A Tale of Cooks and Conquerors (2006) p. 139
  11. ^ Charles Dickens, Jr., Dickens's Dictionary of London (1879) quoted at Victorian London – Directories – Dickens's Dictionary of London, by Charles Dickens, Jr., 1879 – "Oriental Club" (accessed 27 January 2008)
  12. ^ Rules and Regulations for the Government of the Oriental Club (1889)
  13. ^ Taddeo, Julie Anne, Lytton Strachey and the Search for Modern Sexual Identity: The Last Eminent Victorian (New York: Harrington Park Press, 2002) p. 58
  14. ^ Forrest, op. cit., p. 32
  15. ^ Rye, Reginald Arthur, The Students' Guide to the Libraries of London (London, University of London Press, 1927) p. 48
  16. ^ Parker, Louis Napoleon, Several of my Lives (London, Chapman and Hall, 1928) p. 71
  17. ^ Waugh, Alec, The Balliols (New York, Farrar & Rinehart, 1934) p. 474
  18. ^ a b c d e AN OASIS IN LONDON'S WEST END at asia-major.com (accessed 27 January 2008)
  19. ^ Club Societies at Oriental Club web site (accessed 26 February 2011)
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and Its Dependencies dated June 1824, p. 682, online at The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and Its Dependencies (accessed 28 January 2008)
  21. ^ Collage Record 20748 at cityoflondon.gov.uk (accessed 28 January 2008)
  22. ^ Walford, Edward, 'Hanover Square and neighbourhood' in Old and New London: Volume 4 (1878), pp. 314–326, online at british-history.ac.uk Report 45200 (accessed 28 January 2008)
  23. ^ Forrest, Denys Mostyn, The Oriental: Life Story of a West End Club (London, Batsford, 1968, 240 pp)
  24. ^ a b c d e f g About and History at Oriental Club web site (accessed 28 January 2008)
  25. ^ Stratford, Gerald H. The Stratfords, (Chapter 13, Belan, Aldborough, and Stratford House) online at Chapter 13, Belan, Aldborough, and Stratford House (accessed 27 January 2008)
  26. ^ Drawing Rooms at Oriental Club web site (accessed 26 February 2011)
  27. ^ Facilities at Oriental Club web site (accessed 27 January 2008)
  28. ^ *Listed Buildings in Stratford Place, Westminster – map at westminster.gov.uk (accessed 29 January 2008)
  29. ^ Tully, Mark, Why Queen Victoria’s art reflects her true feelings about India, online at dawn.com (accessed 28 January 2008)
  30. ^ Forrest, op. cit., p. 8, pp 228–232
  31. ^ Forrest, op. cit., pp 80 & 109
  32. ^ Metcalfe, op. cit. p. 320
  33. ^ Forrest, op. cit., p. 134
  34. ^ a b Forrest, op. cit., p. 150
  35. ^ Forrest, op. cit., p. 16
  36. ^ a b c d Forrest, op. cit. p. 30
  37. ^ Forrest, op. cit. p. 28
  38. ^ Thompson, Jason, Egyptian Encounters (Cairo, American University in Cairo Press, 2002) p. 127 [footnote 94]
  39. ^ Forrest, op. cit. p. 84
  40. ^ INCHCAPE, James Lyle Mackay, 1st Earl of in Who Was Who 1929–1940 (London, A. & C. Black, 1967 reprint: ISBN 0-7136-0171-X)
  41. ^ BIRKMYRE, Sir Archibald, 1st Bt of Dalmunzie in Who Was Who 1897–2006 online (accessed 28 January 2008)
  42. ^ 'Jardine Paterson, Sir John (Valentine)', in Who Was Who (A. & C. Black, 1920–2008), online edition by Oxford University Press, December 2007, accessed 5 January 2011
  43. ^ KARK, Austen Steven in Who's Who 2002 (London, A. & C. Black, 2002)
  44. ^ MARTIN, George Henry in Who's Who 2007 (London, A. & C. Black, 2007)
  45. ^ TANLAW, Simon Brooke Mackay, Baron cr 1971 (Life Peer) in Who's Who 2007 (London, A. & C. Black, 2007)
  46. ^ INCHCAPE, Kenneth Peter Lyle Mackay, 4th Earl of in Who's Who 2007 (London, A. & C. Black, 2007)
  47. ^ BEAZLEY, Christopher John Pridham in Who's Who 2007 (London, A. & C. Black, 2007)
  48. ^ William Makepeace Thackeray, Vanity Fair, Chapter III
  49. ^ Thackeray, Vanity Fair, Chapter LX
  50. ^ Brantlinger, Rule of Darkness: British Literature and Imperialism, 1830–1914 (1988), p. 94
  51. ^ McMaster, Rowland, Thackeray's Cultural Frame of Reference: Allusion in the Newcomes (1991) p.144
  52. ^ Baily, Francis Evans, Six Great Victorian Novelists (London, Macdonald, 1947), p. 15

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°30′55″N 0°08′58″W / 51.5154°N 0.1494°W / 51.5154; -0.1494