|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2012)|
|A blue eyed white Oriental Shorthair. The line of the nose, eyes, and middle of the ear form a triangular wedge.|
|Alternative names||Foreign Type|
|Origin||United States (landrace stock from Thailand)|
|Domestic cat (Felis catus)|
The Oriental Shorthair is a breed of domestic cat, combining the Siamese body type with a diversity of coat colors and patterns. The breed is recognized as such (since 1977) by the United States-based but internationally open Cat Fanciers' Association and (since 1997) the United Kingdom-based Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF), and various other cat breeding organizations. While the breed's genetic roots are ultimately in Thailand, the breed was formally developed principally in the US. The breed is among the most popular among CFA members.
The Oriental Shorthair is a member of the Siamese family of breeds, and can be found in various solid colors, and patterns such as smoke, shaded, parti-color/tortoiseshell, tabby and bicolor (any of the above, with white). Not all variants are acceptable to all organizations that recognize the breed.
Conforming Oriental Shorthairs, like any of the Siamese type, have almond-shaped eyes and a wedge-shaped head with large ears that fit in the wedge of the head.[clarification needed] Their bodies are typically "sleek" but muscular.
History and recognition
According to the CFA breed profile, "Orientals represent a diverse group of cats that have their foundation in the Siamese breed." The Siamese, in both pointed and solid colors, was imported to the UK from Siam (today, Thailand) in the later half of the 1800s, and from there spread widely, becoming one of the most popular breeds. The gene that causes the color to be restricted to the points is a recessive gene; therefore, the general population of the cats of Siam were largely self-colored (solid). When the cats from Siam were bred, the pointed cats were eventually registered as Siamese, while the others were referred to as "non-blue eyed Siamese" or "foreign shorthair". Other breeds that were developed from the landrace cats of Thailand include the Havana Brown (which some breed registries classify as simply an Oriental Shorthair variant) and the Korat.
The Oriental Shorthair was accepted as an actual breed for championship competition in the US-headquartered CFA in 1977. In 1985, the CFA recognized the bicolor variant. Two decades later, the breed was finally recognized by the UK-based Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) in 1997, but with some differences from CFA on coat conformation. GCCF publishes separate breed registration policies for a number of specific-coat Oriental Shorthair variants today. The Germany-based World Cat Federation (WCF) recognizes the breed, but with color requirements that are comparatively unrestrictive in some way, but notably opposed to white ("All colours and patterns without white and without points are recognized.")
In the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA), some of the point-colored offspring from Oriental Shorthair parents are considered "any other variety" (AOV), but depending on the pedigree, some may compete as Colorpoints. In The International Cat Association (TICA) and many other cat fancier and breeder associations, these cats are considered to be, and compete as, Siamese, when recognized at all.
In total, over 300 coat color and pattern combinations are possible under CFA conformation rules. The basic types include:
- Solid : The coat color is uniform across the entire cat. Each hair shaft should be the same color from root to tip, and be free of banding and tipping. CFA-acceptable colors for this breed are red, cream, ebony, blue, lavender, cinnamon, fawn and white. The corresponding GCCF colors are (respectively) red, cream, brown, blue, lilac, chocolate and apricot (white is not permitted as the base color in GCCF, and WCF does not permit white at all).
- Shaded pattern: Will have a white undercoat with only the tips being colored CFA and GCCF recognize this. Other breed registries call this the chinchilla pattern.
- Smoke pattern: The hair shaft will have a narrow band of white at the base which can only be seen when the hair is parted. This white undercoat to any of the above solid colors (except white, of course) is provided by an interaction of two different genes. CFA and GCCF recognize this.
- Parti-color: Has patches of red and/or cream, which may be well-defined blotches of color, or marbled. This color pattern is referred to as tortoiseshell (or "tortie" for short) in non-pedigreed cats by CFA, and this alternative term is used by GCCF and organizations for pedigreed cats as well.
- Tabby coat pattern: Recognized by GCCF and CFA. Each hair shaft should have a band of color around the middle of the hair shaft. GCCF recognizes four variants of tabby: classic, mackerel, spotted and ticked.
- Bicolor pattern: Recognized by GCCF and CFA. The bicolor pattern is created by the addition of a white spotting gene to any of the other accepted colors/patterns. The cat will have white on its belly, on the legs/paws, and in an inverted "V" on the face. WCF does not permit this variant, as it is opposed to white in this breed.
- Agresta, Bob; Kultala, Joann (July 27, 2010). "Oriental Breed Profile". CFAInc.org. Cat Fanciers' Association. Retrieved December 29, 2012.
- GCCF Oriental Joint Breed Advisory Committee (2006). "GCCF Standards of Points for Oriental Shorthairs". Oriental Cats in the U.K. Bridgwater, Somerset, UK: Governing Council of the Cat Fancy. Archived from the original on December 26, 2008. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Recognised Breeds and Registration Policies". GCCFCats.org. Governing Council of the Cat Fancy. 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- "Information Regarding the Oriental Shorthair Cat". Cuddly Kittens. October 16, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
- "Oriental Shorthair". WCF-Online.de. Essen, Germany: World Cat Federation. January 1, 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2012.