iPhone (1st generation)

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iPhone
IPhonelogo.svg
IPhone 2G PSD Mock.png
Apple iPhone
Developer Apple Inc.
Manufacturer Foxconn (OEM)[1]
Slogan "This is only the beginning."
Generation 1st (2G)
Model A1203[2]
First released June 29, 2007 (2007-06-29)
Discontinued July 11, 2008 (2008-07-11)
Units sold 6.1 million[3]
Successor iPhone 3G
Related iPad, iPod Touch (comparison)
Type Smartphone
Form factor Slate
Dimensions 115 mm (4.5 in) H
61 mm (2.4 in) W
11.6 mm (0.46 in) D
Weight 135 g (4.8 oz)
Operating system Original: iPhone OS 1.0
Current: iPhone OS 3.1.3 (build 7E18)
Released February 2, 2010; 4 years ago (2010-02-02)
OS no longer supported by Apple; third party operating systems available
CPU Samsung 32-bit RISC ARM 1176JZ(F)-S v1.0[4] 620 MHz
Underclocked to 412 MHz[5]
Memory 128 MB eDRAM[6]
Storage 4, 8 or 16 GB flash memory
Battery Built-in rechargeable Li-ion battery[7] 3.7 V 1400 mAh
Data inputs Multi-touch touchscreen display
3-axis accelerometer
Proximity sensor
Ambient light sensor
Microphone
Headset controls
Display 3.5-inch screen (diagonally)
320×480 pixel resolution at 163 ppi
2:3 aspect ratio
18-bit (262,144-color) LCD
Rear camera 2.0 MP with geotagging
Sound Two speakers
TRRS headphone jack, 20 Hz to 20 kHz frequency response (internal, headset)
Microphone
Connectivity

Quad-band GSM/GPRS/EDGE
(850 900 1,800 1,900 MHz)
Wi-Fi (802.11 b/g)
Bluetooth 2.0
USB 2.0/Dock connector[8]

Online: App Store, iTunes Store, MobileMe, Safari (web browser)
Website www.apple.com/iphone

The iPhone (retroactively labeled the original iPhone) is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is the first generation of iPhone and was announced on January 9, 2007[9] after years of rumors and speculation.[10]

It was introduced in the United States on June 29, 2007. It featured quad-band GSM cellular connectivity with GPRS and EDGE support for data transfer.

On June 9, 2008, Apple announced its successor, the iPhone 3G. The original iPhone no longer receives software updates from Apple; its final official firmware version was iPhone OS (now iOS) 3.1.3.

Since June 11, 2013 the original iPhone has been considered "obsolete" in Apple retail stores, "vintage" by other service providers in the US, and "obsolete" in all other regions.[11] Apple does not service vintage or obsolete products, and replacement parts for obsolete products will not be available to service providers.[12]

History[edit]

Steve Jobs, then CEO at Apple Inc., conceived an idea of using a multi-touch touchscreen to interact with a computer in a way in which he could type directly onto the display, essentially removing the physical keyboard and mouse, the same as a tablet computer. Jobs recruited a group of Apple engineers to investigate the idea as a side project.[13] When Jobs reviewed the prototype and its user interface, he conceived a second idea of implementing the technology onto a mobile phone.[14] The whole effort was called Project Purple 2 and began in 2005.[15]

Apple created the device during a secretive and unprecedented collaboration with AT&T, formerly Cingular Wireless. The development cost of the collaboration was estimated to have been $150 million[16] over a thirty-month period. Apple rejected the "design by committee" approach that had yielded the Motorola ROKR E1, a largely unsuccessful collaboration with Motorola. Instead, Cingular Wireless gave Apple the liberty to develop the iPhone's hardware and software in-house.[17][18]

The original iPhone was introduced by Steve Jobs on January 9, 2007 in a keynote address at the Macworld Conference & Expo held in Moscone West in San Francisco, California.[19] In his address, Jobs said, "I have been looking forward to this for two and a half years", and that "today, Apple is going to reinvent the phone."[20] Jobs introduced the iPhone as a combination of three devices: a "widescreen iPod with touch controls"; a "revolutionary mobile phone"; and a "breakthrough Internet communicator".[21]

Release[edit]

The iPhone was released on June 29, 2007 in the United States where thousands of people were reported to have waited outside Apple and AT&T retail stores days before the device's launch;[22] with many stores reporting stock shortages within an hour. To avoid repeating the problems of the PlayStation 3 launch, which caused burglaries and even a shooting, off-duty police officers were hired to guard stores overnight.[23]

It was later made available in the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Portugal, the Republic of Ireland and Austria in November 2007.

Six out of ten Americans surveyed said they knew the iPhone was coming before its release.[24]

Seventeen-year-old George Hotz sold the first unlocked iPhone in the United States for three locked iPhones and a Nissan 350Z.[25]

Post-release[edit]

The iPod Touch, a touchscreen device with the media and internet abilities and interface of the iPhone, but without the ability to connect to a cellular network for phone functions or internet access, was released on September 5, 2007. At the same time, Apple significantly dropped the price of the 8 GB model (from $599 to $399, still requiring a 2 year contract with AT&T) while discontinuing the 4 GB model.[26] Apple sold the one millionth iPhone five days later, or 74 days after the release.[27] After receiving "hundreds of emails...upset" about the price drop, Apple gave store credit to early adopters.[28]

A 16 GB model was released on February 5, 2008.[29] Apple released an SDK on March 6, 2008, allowing developers to create the apps that would be available starting in iPhone OS version 2.0, a free upgrade for iPhone users. On June 9, Apple announced the iPhone 3G, which began shipping July 11.[30] The original iPhone was discontinued at that time; total sales volume came to 6,124,000 units.[3]

While most Apple literature simply called the device "iPhone," the term "the original iPhone" appears in a press release from July 2010.[31]

Software[edit]

During release, the iPhone was marketed as running "OS X". The name of the operating system was revealed as iPhone OS with the release of the iPhone SDK. So far, Apple has released 8 major software versions for the iPhone, including the one bundled with original iPhone units and three major versions (iPhone OS 1, 2, and 3) for the original iPhone, but software updates for the original iPhone, iPhone 3G, 3GS & iPhone 4 have been discontinued. This has become a problem because some new apps on the App Store are not supported by older versions of iOS.

Software history[edit]

The original release of the operating system, iPhone OS 1, which was marketed as OS X on release, included Visual Voicemail, multi-touch gestures, HTML email, Safari web browser, threaded text messaging, and YouTube. However, many features like MMS, apps, and copy and paste were not supported at release. These missing features led to hackers jailbreaking their phones, which made it possible to add these missing features. Official software updates slowly added these features.

iPhone OS 2, released July 11, 2008, introduced third-party applications, exchange support, push e-mail, and other enhancements.

iPhone OS 3, released June 17, 2009, introduced copy and paste, Spotlight search for the Home Screen, and new YouTube features. Not all of the features of iPhone OS 3.0 were supported on the original iPhone.

Unlike the iPhone 3G, the original iPhone did not receive the iOS 4 update. iPhone OS 3.1.3 was the last version of iPhone OS (now iOS) to be released for the original iPhone.

Reception[edit]

The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal published positive, but cautious, reviews of the iPhone, their primary criticisms being the relatively slow speed of the AT&T's 2.5G EDGE network and the phone's inability to connect using 3G services.

The Wall Street Journal's technology columnist, Walt Mossberg, concluded that "despite some flaws and feature omissions, the iPhone is, on balance, a beautiful and breakthrough handheld computer."[32]

Time magazine named it the Invention of the Year in 2007.[33]

Timeline of models[edit]

IPhone 6 IPhone 6 IPhone 5S IPhone 5C IPhone 5 IPhone 4S IPhone 4 IPhone 3GS IPhone 3G IPhone (1st generation)
Sources: Apple press release library[34]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dalrymple, Jim (July 28, 2009). "iPhone manufacturer to pay family of dead worker". CNET. Retrieved April 6, 2010. 
  2. ^ http://support.apple.com/kb/HT3939
  3. ^ a b "Table of iPhone sales by quarter". Retrieved June 21, 2010. 
  4. ^ Patterson, Blake (July 7, 2008). "Under the Hood: The iPhone’s Gaming Mettle". touchArcade. Retrieved March 20, 2009. 
  5. ^ Dilger, Daniel Eran (March 20, 2008). "iPhone 2.0 SDK: Video Games to Rival Nintendo DS, Sony PSP". RoughlyDrafted Magazine. Retrieved May 12, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Apple (Samsung S5L8900) applications processor with eDRAM". SUBM TechInsights. Retrieved May 12, 2009. 
  7. ^ "iPod and iPhone Battery and Power Specifications". iPodBatteryFAQ.com. Retrieved May 12, 2009. 
  8. ^ "iPhone – Tech Specs". Apple; Wayback machine. July 14, 2007. Archived from the original on July 14, 2007. Retrieved January 19, 2009. 
  9. ^ Honan, Mathew (January 9, 2007). "Apple unveils iPhone". Macworld. Retrieved April 6, 2008. 
  10. ^ Dolan, Brian. "Timeline of Apple "iPhone" Rumors (1999–Present)". Retrieved February 17, 2008. 
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ Cohen, Peter (January 9, 2007). "Macworld Expo Keynote Live Update". Macworld. Retrieved February 1, 2007. 
  14. ^ Walter Mossberg; Kara Swisher (June 2, 2010). D8: Steve Jobs on the iPhone's Origin. All Things Digital. Event occurs at 0:20. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  15. ^ Murtazin, Eldar (June 20, 2010). "Apple's Phone: From 1980s' Sketches to iPhone. Part 3". Mobile-review. Retrieved March 27, 2011. 
  16. ^ Vogelstein, Fred (January 9, 2008). "The Untold Story: How the iPhone Blew Up the Wireless Industry". Wired News. Condé Nast Publications. p. 4. Retrieved January 10, 2008. 
  17. ^ Lewis, Peter (January 12, 2007). "How Apple kept its iPhone secrets". CNNMoney.com. Retrieved January 11, 2009. 
  18. ^ Vogelstein, Fred (January 9, 2008). "The Untold Story: How the iPhone Blew Up the Wireless Industry". Wired News. Condé Nast Publications. p. 4. Retrieved January 10, 2008. 
  19. ^ Cohen, Peter (March 13, 2007). "Macworld Expo Keynote Live Update". Macworld. Retrieved July 21, 2010. 
  20. ^ Farber, Dan (January 9, 2007). "Jobs: Today Apple is going to reinvent the phone". ZDNet "Between the Lines" blog. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  21. ^ Jobs, Steve (January 19, 2007). Macworld San Francisco 2007 Keynote Address. San Francisco: Apple, Inc. 
  22. ^ "Apple Inc. Q3 2007 Unaudited Summary Data" (PDF). Apple Inc. July 25, 2007. Retrieved June 6, 2008. 
  23. ^ Hart, Kim; Valle Sabrina (June 30, 2007). "Macworld Expo Keynote Live Update". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 1, 2007. 
  24. ^ Johnson, Bobbie (June 30, 2007). "iPhone causes big Apple swarm in Big Apple storms". The Guardian (London). Retrieved February 1, 2007. 
  25. ^ Patel, Nilay (August 27, 2007). "NJ teen trades his unlocked iPhone for three more and a sports car". Engadget. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Apple Sets iPhone Price at $399 for this Holiday Season". Apple. Retrieved June 21, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Apple Sells One Millionth iPhone". Apple. Retrieved June 21, 2010. 
  28. ^ Jobs, Steve. "To all iPhone customers:". Apple. 
  29. ^ "Apple Adds New iPhone & iPod touch Models". Apple. Retrieved June 21, 2010. 
  30. ^ "Apple Introduces the New iPhone 3G". Apple. Retrieved June 21, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Statement by Apple on iPhone 4 reception issues". Apple. July 2, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  32. ^ "iPhone rush despite mixed reviews". The Australian. July 3, 2007. Retrieved February 1, 2007. 
  33. ^ Grossman, Lev (October 31, 2007). "Invention Of the Year: The iPhone". Time. Retrieved June 6, 2008. 
  34. ^ Apple Inc. (2004-2010). Press Release Library. Retrieved June 24, 2010.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
iPhone (1st generation)
1st generation
Succeeded by
iPhone 3G