Oriol Junqueras i Vies
|Oriol Junqueras i Vies|
|Oriol Junqueras, in 2012|
|Mayor of Sant Vicenç dels Horts|
June 11, 2011
|Preceded by||Amparo Piqueras Manzano|
|10th President of the Republican Left of Catalonia|
September 17, 2011
|Preceded by||Joan Puigcercós i Boixassa|
|Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament of Catalonia|
January 9, 2013
|Preceded by||Xavier Sabaté i Ibarz|
|Member of the European Parliament|
June 7, 2009 – January 16, 2012
April 11, 1969 |
|Political party||Republican Left of Catalonia|
|Alma mater||Autonomous University of Barcelona|
Oriol Junqueras i Vies (Catalan pronunciation: [uɾiˈɔɫ ʒuŋˈkeɾəz i ˈβi.əs]; 11 April 1969) is a Catalan historian and politician. He is the current mayor of Sant Vicenç dels Horts and has been the president of the Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, ERC) since 17 September 2011. In the Catalan elections held on 25 November 2012, the electoral list headed by Junqueras won 21 seats in the 135-member Parliament of Catalonia, the second-best showing after Convergence and Union, which won 50.
Junqueras completed his primary and secondary education at an Italian school in Barcelona. He began his university education studying economics at the University of Barcelona, but went on to earn an undergraduate degree in Modern and Contemporary History and a doctorate in History of Economic Thought from the Autonomous University of Barcelona. His thesis analyzed the origins of modern economic thought in the western Mediterranean, establishing appropriate parallels with English and Castilian thought in the first decades of the seventeenth century.
He is a professor in the Department of Modern and Contemporary History at the Autonomous University of Barcelona and has contributed to a variety of Catalan radio and television programs related to history.
Junqueras headed ERC's electoral list for the 2009 European elections. He appeared on the list as an independent, despite serving on the town council of Sant Vicenç dels Horts as a member of ERC. Junqueras won a seat in the European Parliament as part of the group The Greens–European Free Alliance.
On 11 June 2011 he was elected mayor of Sant Vicenç dels Hort with the support of the electoral coalition he had led, Junts per Sant Vicenç (Together for Sant Vicenç), Initiative for Catalonia Greens-United and Alternative Left and Convergence and Union, leaving the Socialists' Party of Catalonia, the party that had received the most votes in the 22 May municipal elections, in the opposition.
Junqueras became a member of the Parliament of Catalonia following the election held on 25 November 2012. He is the president of the Republican Left of Catalonia's parliamentary group. On 19 December 2012, following weeks of negotiations between their parties, Junqueras and Artur Mas, the president of Convergence and Union, signed a "governability agreement". The agreement includes a commitment to hold a referendum in 2014 on whether Catalonia should separate from Spain. The Republican Left of Catalonia agreed to provide Mas with the additional parliamentary votes he needed to be reelected President of the Generalitat and guarantee the stability of his government, receiving concessions to its economic and political program in return. In January 2013 Núria de Gispert, president of the Parliament of Catalonia, named Junqueras Leader of the Opposition, despite the objections of the Socialists' Party of Catalonia and Initiative for Catalonia Greens, who argued that this position could not be held by the leader of a party that had a "governability agreement" with the governing party.
- "Catalan separatist left may push for reversal of austerity policies". The Telegraph. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
- "Oriol Junqueras (biography from official website)" (in Catalan). Retrieved 27 November 2012.
- "Fitxa del diputat/da - Il·lm. Sr. Oriol Junqueras i Vies" (in Catalan). Parliament of Catalonia. 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- Raphael Minder (19 December 2012). "Spain: Separatist Parties in Accord". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- "Oriol Junqueras, nomenat cap de l'oposició malgrat crítiques del PSC i ICV ("Oriol Junqueres named Leader of the Opposition despite the criticism of the PSC and ICV"" (in Catalan). El Punt-Avui. 9 January 2013.
|Party political offices|
Joan Puigcercós i Boixassa
|President of ERC